Dr. Samuel Boykin1

Male, #9994, (1786 - 29 Apr 1848)
Father*Major Francis Boykin (1751 - 17 Aug 1821)
Mother*Catherine Whitaker (s 1748 - a 1800)
Birth*1786 Samuel was born at Camden, Camden District, South Carolina, in 1786. Birthplace is that shown in Boykin Family Bible. However, his father, Francis, is reported to have been in Washington (later Baldwin) Co., GA by 1785.2,3 
Tax roll*1813 He registered to pay taxes at Baldwin Co., Georgia, in 1813.4 
Marriage*26 Mar 1818 He married Sarah Ann Maria Maxwell at seat of Col. Farish Carter, near, Milledgeville, Baldwin Co., Georgia, on 26 Mar 1818.5 
Birth of Son14 Feb 1819 His son Burwell Boykin was born on 14 Feb 1819 at Baldwin Co., Georgia.3 
Land Lottery*1820 He had a fortunate draw in the land lottery in 1820 at Baldwin Co., Georgia,
lot 12, section 3 of Irwin Co; and lot 70, section 19 of Early Co.6 
Death of Spouse3 Nov 1820 His wife Sarah Ann Maria Maxwell died on 3 Nov 1820 at Milledgeville, Baldwin Co., Georgia.7 
Biography1821 The Whitaker Place.
     In Baldwin County, about twelve miles to the southeast of Milledgeville, lies the plantation known for many years as the "Whitaker Place." It was originally owned by Maj. Francis Boykin, a South Carolinian, prominent in the war of the Revolution, who moved to this county in 1800. He was a successful farmer and accumulated a large area of land which lay on the east side of the Oconee River for a long distance, and extended toward the east to Gum Creek, the dividing line between Washington and Baldwin counties.
     At that time, boats came up the river as far as Milledgeville. Maj. Boykin was appointed one of the River Commissioners, whose duties were to see that the stream was kept clear of snags and other obstructions interfering with the passage of the boats.
     In 1821, Maj. Boykin died. He left two sons and one daughter, Dr. Samuel Boykin, who practiced medicine in Milledgeville; Mr. James Boykin, a Deacon in the Baptist Church; and Miss Eliza Boykin, who married the father of Prof. William Rutherford, of Athens, Ga. Prof. Rutherford was the father of Miss Mildred Rutherford, to whom the South owes a lasting debt of gratitude for the preservation of much of its history.
     Upon the death of his father, Dr. Samuel Boykin gave up his practice in Milledgeville and moved to the plantation. He built a large two-story house for a residence, which became known for miles around as "The White House," because it was the only painted house in the community. He was a great lover of plants and flowers and was the first to demonstrate that sugar cane could be grown in Georgia as high up as Baldwin County. In 1836, he decided to move to Alabama, and sold his plantation to Mr. William Whitaker, a kinsman, who had recently moved into the community from North Carolina.
     William Whitaker cultivated the soil as did Dr. Boykin, and grew large crops of corn, cotton and other products.
     In those days, people traveled by stage coach, and on the long roads there were "Relay Stations" where fresh horses were exchanged for the tired ones, which rested until the return trips. A Relay Station was located on this place and was the center of much interest.
     Upon the death of William Whitaker, the plantation was divided into three parts, and his three children, James, Samuel, and Martha drew for a part.
     The part upon which Dr. Boykin's residence was located, fell to Samuel Whitaker. By that time, this place was very attractive; tall oaks shaded the white sandy yard; in the rear were several black walnut trees which, in later years, attained to immense size. Cherokee rose vines draped the trees on either side of the avenue leading to the public road. Down this road, to the right, was a lane leading to the negro quarters. At the end of the lane was the Overseer's house. On one side of the lane was the Gin House, the first built in that section of the country. This was burned by Sherman's men when a part of his army encamped for several days on that plantation, leaving desolation and ruin behind it.
     At another point, the lane was shaded by a sugar berry tree, unusually tall and branching. There was a superstition among the negroes that this tree was haunted by a spirit which could foretell death, because it had been observed that, just before a death occurred on the place, the tree gave forth a weird and peculiar sound as of the opening of a creaky door. When this was heard, consternation filled the Quarters, be- cause no one doubted but that someone's days were numbered.
     Samuel Whitaker kept a Diary, in which each day's work was faithfully recorded. Every field was designated by its own particular name-as "The New Ground," "The Vineyard Field," "The Goode Field" -the name was symbolic of the nature of the soil or of some association.
     Mrs. Whitaker took an active interest in the religious training of the negroes. A place was provided where they could assemble in public worship. The negro children would come from the Quarters on Sunday afternoons and sit on the steps of her front porch, the larger ones standing in line on the ground, while she talked to them of spiritual things and taught them lessons from the Bible.
     At the close of the war, when losses were heavy, the plantation passed into the hands of Mr. Wirtzfielder, who owned it for a number of years, then sold it to Mr. Sam Walker. After Mr. Walker's death, it became the property of his daughter, Mrs. John Shinholser. Mr. Shinholser now owns the place.
     Mr. Whitaker rented the plantation, after it passed from his hands, and lived there until his death. He was married three times and reared two sons and three daughters: the late William Whitaker was his elder son; the younger son was Dr. James M. Whitaker, for many years on the staff of physicians of the State Sanitarium. The three daughters were Mrs. Elbert Bivins, Mrs. H. D. Allen and Mrs. O. M. Cone.8,9
The Whitaker Place
Death of Father17 Aug 1821 His father Major Francis Boykin died on 17 Aug 1821 at Milledgeville, Baldwin Co., Georgia.10 
Marriage*31 Jul 1822 He married Narcissa Cooper at Eatonton, Putnam Co., Georgia, on 31 Jul 1822.3,11 
Birth of Son30 Jul 1825 His son Francis Boykin was born on 30 Jul 1825 at Baldwin Co., Georgia.3 
Jury*Apr 1827 He served on a jury in Apr 1827 at Baldwin Co., Georgia,
     Grand Jury of Superior Court.12 
Deed*1829 He was granted a deed by James William Boykin in 1829 at Boykin Hall, Milledgeville, Baldwin Co., Georgia.13 
Birth of Son24 Nov 1829 His son Rev. Samuel Boykin Jr. was born on 24 Nov 1829 at Baldwin Co., Georgia.3 
Event-MiscJul 1835 He served on Grand Jury Also served in Aug 1830 and Sep 1831 in Jul 1835 at Baldwin Co., Georgia, (an unknown value.)14 
Death of Son1835 His son Burwell Boykin died in 1835. 
Birth of Son1 Jan 1836 His son Rev. Thomas Cooper Boykin was born on 1 Jan 1836 at Baldwin Co., Georgia.3 
Relocation*1836 He relocated in 1836 at Columbus, Muscogee Co., Georgia,2 
Birth of Son28 Mar 1840 His son LeRoy Holt Boykin was born on 28 Mar 1840 at Columbus, Muscogee Co., Georgia.1,3 
1840 Census*1 Jun 1840 Samuel was listed as the head of a family on the 1840 Census at Muscogee Co., Georgia. Male age 30-40.15 
Will29 May 1843 In Thomas Cooper Jr.'s will, Mark, Samuel and Eugenius was named by Thomas to handle his estate on 29 May 1843.16 
Birth of Son7 Aug 1843 His son James H. Boykin was born on 7 Aug 1843.3 
Death of Son31 Mar 1847 His son James H. Boykin died on 31 Mar 1847.3 
Will*28 Apr 1848 He made a will at Muscogee Co., Georgia, on 28 Apr 1848, naming as executor(s) Narcissa Boykin, Francis Boykin, Rev. Samuel Boykin Jr. and Mark Anthony Cooper, naming as heir(s) Rev. Thomas Cooper Boykin and LeRoy Holt Boykin.

Last Will and Testament of Samuel Boykin
Executed 28 Apr 1848 and proved 22 May 1848 in Muscogee Co., GA.
     In the name of God, Amen. I Samuel Boykin being of sound mind and desirous of disposing of all property that I may be entitled to at my death constitute this as my last will & testament.
     1st, I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Narcissa my carriage and horses, plate and household furniture absolutely.
     2nd, I give and bequeath to my wife Narcissa, for her special use and benefit during her life the following property - to wit: my residence in the city of Columbus with the four lots immediately joining it, and the four other lots lying near it on the opposite sides of the street on which my residence stands, and the following house servants - to wit: Charlotte & her two children Lin and Bird Grace, Leila & her two children Mary Ann & Dafra, Lizzy and old Sall, and at her death I wish said property to go in equal shares to such of my children as shall survive her and the children of such as may be dead at her decease.
     3rd, I give and bequeath all the balance of my property in equal shares to my wife (in case she declines dower) & my children the child's part assigned to my wife by this item. I give and bequeath to her during her natural life, at her death to be distributed in the same way I have directed the property assigned for her use in the second item of my will. I further will and bequeath to each of my daughters her share for her special use & benefit not to be sold or in any way disposed of by her husband, in case she marries and at her death in case she marries and dies without issue leaving a husband, one half this property to her husband and the other half to each of my children as may survive her. I further will and bequeath to each of my sons his share, and in case he should marry and die without issue, one half of said share to his surviving wife, and the other half to such of my children as may survive him. I further will and desire my executors hereinafter appointed to give to each of my sons, Francis, Samuel, Thomas and Leroy as a portion of that part of my estate falling to his share one fourth part of my plantation lying on the Chattahoochee in Russell County, if each one when he becomes of age should be willing to take said fourth part of said plantation as a portion of his distribution share, and it should be deemed possible by my executors so to assign my said plantation to my sons, in four equal parts and at such time as my executors shall deem it proper and expedient for the interest of all the legatees.
     4th, I will and desire my executors to sell and dispose of all my real esate not mentioned in any of the foregoing items at such time & in such way as they may deem to be for the interest of my estate.
     5th, I here appoint and constitute my wife Narcissa Boykin, Mark A. Cooper, and my two sons Francis & Samuel Boykin my executors under this my last will and testament.
     In witness whereof I have signed, sealed and published these presents this 28th day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty eight. /s/ S. Boykin
     In the presence of Leroy Holt, Frank A. Nisbet, James N. Owens, John E. Bacon.17
Death*29 Apr 1848 He died at Summerville, Russell Co., Alabama, on 29 Apr 1848
(The Emily Boykin Tichenor Family Bible erroneously gives date of death as 27 Apr 1848, one day before Samuel made his final Will.)3 
Burial* His body was interred at Linwood Cemetery, Columbus, Muscogee Co., Georgia.18 
Probate20 May 1848 Probate action was taken on Samuel's estate on 20 May 1848 at Muscogee Co., Georgia.17 
Biography* Dr. Samuel Boykin was educated at the University of Georgia (graduated 1807) and the Pennsylvania Medical College in Philadelphia. Practiced medicine in Milledgeville for 25 years. State Senator. Also engaged in banking. On the committee of distinguished citizens to entertain General LaFayette on his tour of America when he visited Milledgeville. A man of considerable scientific attainment and reputation, he was the discoverer of several species of flowers and shells which bare his name (Genus "Boykinia" Named for Him). The celebrated English botanist, Lyell, visited him in Columbus and makes mention of him in one of his works. He was the first to demonstrate sugar cane could be grown in GA as high up as Baldwin Co. In 1836 he sold his plantation to William Whitaker, a kinsman. He moved his planting interests to Alabama and settled his family in Columbus, Georgia.

(From an unknown publication)
Major Francis Boykin, a North Carolinian, who served with Nathaniel Greene during the Revolutionary War, became the owner of a large tract of land east of the Oconee River (1785), about twelve miles from where Milledgeville was laid off in 1803. At his death, (1821) one of his sons, Dr. Samuel Boykin, who lived in Milledgeville, gave up his practice to manage this plantation and was most successful. He was first to demonstrate that sugar could be made in this section, by growing splendid sugar cane, and is mentioned for this feat in Adiel Sherwood's Gazetteer of 1829.

In 1830, Dr. Boykin built a two story Colonial home, which was known as "The White House" because of the fact that it was the only house in the settlement which was painted. But the doctor decided to move to Columbus about 1836 and sold his home to a kinsman, William Whitaker, who continued to cultivate the soil. After Mr. Whitaker's death, his widow and children lived there for a time, and when she passed away, the plantation was divided into four parts, each of the four children drawing lots to see which part fell to them. The plantation upon which this home had been built fell to Samuel E. Whitaker, the father of Mrs. Henry Dawson Allen, of Milledgeville, and this was her childhood home. In 1935, Mrs. Allen, who was Miss Sarah Canty Whitaker, was named Baldwin County's most distinguished citizen and was presented a certificate to this effect by the International Kiwanis, as this honor had been conferred upon her through the local Kiwanis organization.

After the War Between the States this plantation passed out of the possession of the Whitaker family and is now owned by Mr. and Mrs. John Shinholser, the plantation going by the name of Indian Island Farm and Ranch. Mr. Shinholser's grandparents lived in Scottsboro over a hundred years ago, when it was noted as a summer resort, and although 11e was born in Wilkinson County, he has lived most of his life in Baldwin.

Mrs. Shinholser, who was Miss Hallie McHenry of Madison, Georgia, a charming gracious woman, is an artist of considerable note. Although the Shinholsers do not now live in this hor?re, which they call "Boykin Hall", they are doing much to restore the old ante-bellum house. Not far from "Boykin Hall", they have a modern dwelling where old Southern hospitality still holds sway. On this Indian Island Plantation, there is an artesian well, the only flowing well in Baldwin County. The water from this well forms a big swimming pool, which is one of the many attractions of the Plantation. There are also many Indian Mounds on this historic place.

Not far from "Boykin Hall" is the burial ground of the Boykin and Whitaker families. Here lies the body of Major Francis Boykin, a Revolutionary ancestor of the late Miss Mildred Rutherford of Athens, an educator and historian of note.

In possession of Mrs. Thomas Whitner, Atlanta, Ga.

On the fly leaf is inscribed, "To sister Emily from Sam and Laura, April 16, 1861," referring to Emily Catherine Boykin, daughter of Dr. Samuel Boykin, who married I. T. Tichenor. Dr. Samuel Boykin's father was Francis Boykin, Revolutionary soldier of S. C. and Ga. The father of Dr. Samuel Boykin's wife was Thos. Cooper of Henry Co., Va., later of Hancock Co., Ga., and the records of both of these are upon the Roll of Patriots of the D.A.R. The Bible was evidently a bridal present and the entries were made by Mrs. Tichenor. The first birth recorded, Burwell Boykin was the son of Dr. Samuel Boykin by his 1st. wife, Sarah Maria Maxwell.

Francis Boykin and Catherine Whitaker of S.C. had three children: Eliza married Williams Rutherford; James, who was twice married, 1st. to Miss Owens and 2nd. to Miss Rutherford of N. C.

Dr. Samuel Boykin d. in Summerville, Russell Co., Ala., 4-27-1848, m. at Eatonville, Ga., 7-31-1822, to Narcissa Cooper, b. in Powelton, Ga., 1804, d. 6-14-1859, in Augusta, Ga.

Francis Boykin and L. A. Nuchols, 11-24-1849
Samuel Boykin and Laura Nisbet, 5-10-1853
Narcissa Boykin and T. G. Holt, 12-14-1854
Thomas C. Boykin and Arabella Alexander, 4-13-1858
2nd. 5-4-1881 to Mattie Dickson
Leroy H. Boykin and Laura E. Hunter, 2-13-1859
Harriet E. Boykin and Wm. R. Turman, 11-25-1862
Emily Catherine Boykin and I. T. Tichenor
Lulah Boykin and I. T. Tichenor

Dr. Samuel Boykin, b. in Kershaw District, S. C., 1786.
Burwell Boykin, 2-14-1819     
Francis Boykin, 7-30-1825     
Samuel Boykin, 11-24-1829     
Emily C. Boykin, 4-16-1832
Narcissa Boykin, 12-14-1833
Thomas C. Boykin, 1-1-l836
Harriet E. Boykin, 11-25-1837
LeRoy H. Boykin, 3-28-1840
James H. Boykin, 8-7-1843, d. 3-31-1847
Lulah Boykin, 7-7-1847

James H. Boykin, d. early.
Francis Boykin, d. in Barbour Co., Ala, 1863
Emily B. Tichenor at Union Springs, Ala, 1864
Lulah Tichenor, in Shelby Co., Ala, 1869
Samuel Boykin, in Nashville, Tenn, 1899
Thomas C. Boykin, in Atlanta, Ga, 1902
Narcissa B. Holt,in Atlanta, Ga, 1912
Harriet B. Turman, in Atlanta, Ga, 1903
LeRoy H. Boykin (date not known.)

Descendant* See footnote for the name and contact info of a descendant of Dr. Samuel Boykin who would like to communicate with other descendants.19 

Family 1

Sarah Ann Maria Maxwell (28 Aug 1797 - 3 Nov 1820)
Marriage*26 Mar 1818 He married Sarah Ann Maria Maxwell at seat of Col. Farish Carter, near, Milledgeville, Baldwin Co., Georgia, on 26 Mar 1818.5 

Family 2

Narcissa Cooper (28 Apr 1803 - 14 Jun 1857)
Marriage*31 Jul 1822 He married Narcissa Cooper at Eatonton, Putnam Co., Georgia, on 31 Jul 1822.3,11 
ChartsWLC / Warren L. Culpepper Ancestral Chart
WLC / Edward Boykin: Descendant Chart
Last Edited27 Feb 2016


  1. Boykin Family Papers, Collected by Eleanor Boykin (#9929) and given to Warren Culpepper, 1983.
  2. Katherine Bowman Walters, Oconee River Tales to Tell, Eaton, Putnam Co., GA: Eaton, Putnam Co. (GA) Historical Society, 1995.
    Chapter 5, pp 53-57.
  3. Mrs. Bun Wylie -- State Regent 1930-32, Boykin Family Bible (Given to Emily Boykin Tichenor on 16 Apr 1861 by Sam and Laura Boykin), Transcription contained in "Historical Collections of the Georgia Chapters, DAR, Vol. IV Old Bible Records and Land Lotteries, 1932.
  4. Frances T. Ingmire, Baldwin Co., GA 1813 Tax List, page 2:
    Francis Boykin, Brown's District
    James Boykin, Brown's District
    Samuel Boykin, 1 Poll.
  5. Mary Bondurant Warren, Marriages and Deaths, 1763-1820, Abstracted from Extant Georgia Newspapers, 1968, page 12.
  6. The Rev. Silas Emmett Lucas Jr., 1820 Land Lottery of Georgia, Southern Historical Press, Easley, SC, 1986, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. 975.8 R2la.
  7. Mary Bondurant Warren, Marriages and Deaths, 1820-1830, Abstracted from Extant Georgia Newspapers, 1972, page 13.
  8. Anna Maria Green Cook, History of Baldwin County
    , Anderson, SC: Kays-Hearn, 1925 (Pages 115-117).
    Article by Mrs. O. M. Cone, 1925, Pages 476-478.
  9. Warren L. Culpepper (#1942), Former publisher of Culpepper Connections, e-mail address.
    photo by Warren Culpepper, 2015.
  10. Tad Evans, compiler, Milledgeville, Georgia, Newspaper Clippings: Southern Recorder, 1820-1827, Vol. I, Savannah, GA: T. Evans, 1995, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. 975.8573/M1 B3e v. 1.
    p. 78.
  11. Photocopy of Marriage License, "Samuel Boykin and Narcissa Cooper, License dated 31 Jul 1822, Putnam CO., GA."
  12. Tad Evans, compiler, Milledgeville, Georgia, Newspaper Clippings: Southern Recorder, 1820-1827, Vol. I, Savannah, GA: T. Evans, 1995, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. 975.8573/M1 B3e v. 1.
    Vol XII, page 274.
  13. RootsWeb WorldConnect Project, Ancestry.com: Rootsweb.
    Alexander's - Southside VA/NC, GA & AL.
  14. Tad Evans, compiler, Milledgeville, Georgia, Newspaper Clippings: Southern Recorder, 1828-1832, Vol. II, Savannah, GA: T. Evans, 1996, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. 975.8573/M1 B3e v. 2.
    S. Boykin, p. 342.
  15. 1840 Federal Census, United States.
    Ancestry.com image.
  16. Edward F. Hull, Early Records of Putnam County, Georgia, 1807-1860: Old Cemeteries Wills and Marriages, Ashland, AL, 190?.
    Will dated 29 May 1843 and probated 10 Jul 1843. Page 29: Cites Will Book B-page 178.
  17. Muscogee Co., GA Court of Probate Records. Transcribed by Warren Culpepper from photocopy by Mrs. Eugene Millsaps III.
  18. Tombstone in Linwood Centery, Columbus, GA: "Samuel Boykin, 1784 - 1848, Age 62."
  19. Warren L. Culpepper (#1942), Former publisher of Culpepper Connections, e-mail address.