Joseph Edward Hough

Male, #9984, (25 Dec 1821 - 18 Jul 1885)
Father*John B. Hough (10 Mar 1801 - 15 May 1872)
Name Variation He was also known as Howe. 
Name Variation He was also known as Hogg
(He seemed to descend from the HOG family of SC. Unlike the famous governor of Texas whose daughters were Enna HOG and Ima HOG, this family did not like HOG and changed in Edgefield Co, SC, to HOUGH. When the family moved to GA and AL, they seemed to have adopted Howe as the preferred phonetic.)1 
Birth*25 Dec 1821 Joseph was born at Edgefield District, South Carolina, on 25 Dec 1821. The parentage of Joseph Edward Hough is not proven. However, it seems quite likely that Joseph was the son of John B. Hough or of one of John's brothers. 
Mexican War*between 1846 and 1847 He served in the US War with Mexico between 1846 and 1847
(In connection with the Mexican War, Joseph enlisted on 15 Jun 1846 at Eutaw, Greene Co., AL as a Private in Company D (Moore's Company) of the 1st Regiment of Alabama Volunteers (the "Eutaw Rangers"). Furloughed at Jalapa, Mexico on 1 May 1847, his Company was mustered out of federal service at New Orleans on 27 May 1847.)2 
1850 Census*1 Jun 1850 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1850 Census on 1 Jun 1850 at South Fork of American River, El Dorado Co., California.3 
Marriage*14 Dec 1853 He married Mary Elizabeth Bardóenes at San Francisco, San Francisco Co., California, on 14 Dec 1853 at age 31. 
Birth of Son12 Oct 1858 His son Joseph Rafael Howe was born on 12 Oct 1858 at California
Birth of SonJan 1860 His son John Howe was born in Jan 1860 at California.4 
1860 Census*1 Jun 1860 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1860 Census at Los Angeles, Los Angeles Co., California.4 
Relocation*between 1860 and 1864 He relocated between 1860 and 1864 at Alabama 
Birth of Soncirca 1864 His son George Walter Howe was born circa 1864 at Alabama.5 
Birth of Soncirca 1867 His son Victor Emanuel Howe was born circa 1867 at Alabama.5 
Birth of SonFeb 1870 His son Louis Phillippe Howe was born in Feb 1870 at Alabama
1870 Census*1 Jun 1870 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1870 Census at Bughall, Bullock Co., Alabama.6 
Death of Father15 May 1872 His father John B. Hough died on 15 May 1872 at Bullock Co., Alabama
Birth of Son15 Jan 1874 His son Charles Wesley Howe was born on 15 Jan 1874 at Troy, Pike Co., Alabama.7 
Relocationcirca 1874 He relocated circa 1874 at Santa Rosa Co., Florida
1880 Census*1 Jun 1880 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1880 Census at Santa Rosa Co., Florida.8 
Census*1 Jun 1885 A census listed Joseph as head of household at Santa Rosa Co., Florida, on 1 Jun 1885.9 
Death*18 Jul 1885 He died at Bagdad, Santa Rosa Co., Florida, on 18 Jul 1885 at age 63. 
Burial*circa 19 Jul 1885 His body was interred circa 19 Jul 1885 at Bagdad Cemetery, Bagdad, Santa Rosa Co., Florida.10 
Biography* Joseph E. Hough was a baker and confectioner who lived in various parts of the country after he served in the War with Mexico. He enlisted at Mobile, AL, 25 May 1846 in Comp D, 1st AL Inf, and served until 27 May 1847 at New Orleans, LA. On 31 Oct 1846, the unit was at Camargo, on 31 Dec at Tampico, and 30 Apr 1847 at Jalapa. Capt Moore was Company Commander and Col Coffee was Regimental Commander. Joseph E. Hough frequently mentioned he was in the battle at Vera Cruz. He received bounty land for his service, and his widow applied for pension. She stated he stood 5 feet, 8 inches, had a light complexion, with blue eyes and dark hair.
     The Mexican War officially ended on 2 Feb 1848 with the signing of the Guadalupe Treaty, and only a few months earlier, gold had been first discovered in El Dorado Co. CA. By June 1848, the gold rush had started. During that winter mining ceased, for the most part, but in the Spring of 1849 the rush resumed and tens of thousands headed to California from all over the world. Presumably, Joseph went to California at this time, for the 1850 census shows him as age 31 and single, living on the South fork of the American River in El Dorado Co., CA: the heart of the gold rush area. He owned $600 of land.
     In San Francisco on 14 Dec 1853, he married Mary Elizabeth Bardóenes (11 July 1837 Sonora State, Mexico - 28 Feb 1903 prob. in FL, based on note from Knoxville, TN, Pension Agency.) She applied for pension 22 July 1889, still living at Bagdad in Santa Rosa Co, FL, where her husband had died. She made her mark to all papers. Capt. John B. Youngblood testified in her behalf that he and Joseph E. Hough had both been born in Edgefield Co, SC, and that they had both served together in the War with Mexico. Capt Youngblood had been Company Commander of Comp. H in the same regiment. Joseph E. Hough had apparently been a cook during the War, as Capt. Youngblood testified Joseph sometimes cooked for him. During the subsequent processing of the claim for pension, there was evidence that Mary E. had been previously md to one James Randall in Mexico, but that she had left him when she learned he already had a family in San Francisco. An investigator in San Francisco was unable to find any record of such a James Randall, and Mary E. Hough got her pension #12,374 for a few years. (Source: 1889 Santa Rosa Co, FL, Mary E. Hough pension application).
     Joseph Edward Hough's ancestry has not been proven. That John B. Hough was his father is merely speculation based on times and places. Further research is needed.11 
Research note* Please contact me if you can provide any proof of the ancestry of Joseph or if you have alternative theories.12 


Mary Elizabeth Bardóenes (11 Jul 1837 - 28 Feb 1903)
Marriage*14 Dec 1853 He married Mary Elizabeth Bardóenes at San Francisco, San Francisco Co., California, on 14 Dec 1853 at age 31. 
ChartsWLC / Warren L. Culpepper Ancestral Chart
WLC / John Hogg: Descendant Chart (incl. Houghs and Howes)
Last Edited5 Sep 2012


  1. E-mail written 21 Apr 1998 to Warren Culpepper from Max Huff.
    Followup meesage on 22 Apr 1999 in which Max cited his source as Hough researcher, Granville W. Hough.
  2. Steven R. Butler, Alabama Volunteers in the Mexican War, 1846-1848: A History and Annotated Roster, Richardson, TX: S.R. Butler, 1996.
    pp 68-69.
  3. 1850 Federal Census, United States.
    S. Fork of American River, El Dorado Co., CA, Image #267 @
    Joseph Hough, 31, NC, Miner, $600 of real estate.
  4. 1860 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 99, Sheet 391, Family 969, Img 147, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Co., CA
    Joseph E. Howe, 38, M, Farmer, SC
    Eliza Howe, 24, F, Mexico
    Mary E. Howe, 5, F, CA
    Joseph Howe, 3, M, CA
    John Howe, 5/12, M, CA.
  5. 1880 Federal Census, United States.
  6. 1870 Federal Census, United States.
    Bughall, Bullock Co., AL, image #2 transcribed by Warren Culpepper
    Joseph Hough, 48, Baker, R=$200, NC, father foreign born
    Mary Hough, 33, Kpg House, Mexico, both parents foreign born
    Hester Hough, 15, F, CA
    Joseph Hough, 13, M, CA
    John Hough, 10, F [sic], CA
    George Hough, 6, M, AL
    Victoria E. Hough, 3, F, AL
    Louis Phillippe Hough, 6/12, M, AL.
  7. National Archives and Records Administration, compiler, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, Online database at, 2005.
  8. 1880 Federal Census, United States.
    ED 136, page 28, sheet 170D, img 28, Precinct 1, Santa Rosa Co., FL
    Joseph E. Howe, HH, 57, Confectioner, SC, SC, SC
    Mary E. Howe, Wife, 45, Kpg House, MX, MX, MX
    Joseph R. Howe, Son, Single, 22, CA, SC, MX
    George W. Howe, Son, 16, AL, SC, MX
    Manuel Howe, Son, 13, AL, SC, MX
    Charles W. Howe, Son, 8, AL, SC, MX
    Rosa I. Howe, Dau, 5, FL, SC, MX
    Mary Thompson, Dau, F, Wid, 25, CA, SC, MX
    Russell Thompson, Son, 2, FL, FL, CA.
  9., compiler, Florida State Census, 1867-1945, Online database at, 2008.
    ED 122, Page 62, Lines 39-44, Santa Rosa Co., FL
    Jos. E. Hough, Head, Wh, M, 68, md, SC/SC/SC, Laborer
    Liza Hough, Wife, Wh, F, 48, md, Mex/Mex/Mex
    Geo. W. Hough, Son Wh, M, 20, sng, AL/SC/Mex
    Emanuel Hough, Son Wh, M, 17, sng, AL/SC/Mex
    Charles Hough, Son Wh, M, 11, sng, AL/SC/Mex
    Rosa Hough, Dau, Wh, F, 10, sng, FL/SC/Mex.
  10. Richard Earl Jernigan, Santa Rosa Co., FL Cemeteries, West FL Genealogical Society, Pensacola, 1987.
    Bagdad Cemetery, Section 5, page 23, "Jos. E. Hough, 'Blessed are the pure in heart for they shall see God', Dec 25, 1821 - Jul 18, 1885."
  11. E-mail written 21 Apr 1998 to Warren Culpepper from Max Huff.
  12. Warren L. Culpepper (#1942), Former publisher of Culpepper Connections, e-mail address.