William Henry Culpepper

Male, #9540, (14 Feb 1845 - 5 Jan 1930)
Father*Gardner Culpepper of Thomas Co., GA (11 Dec 1810 - 22 May 1868)
Mother*Caroline Jones (28 Apr 1815 - 18 Nov 1885)
DNA* William has been proven by DNA and genealogical research to be a descendant of Nathan Culpepper of Warren Co., GA, who is a son of Erasmus Culpepper of Nash Co., NC, who is a great-grandson of Robert Culpepper of Lower Norfolk, VA. 
Birth*14 Feb 1845 William was born at Talbot Co., Georgia, on 14 Feb 1845.1 
Relocationcirca 1847 He, as a family member, accompanied Gardner Culpepper of Thomas Co., GA in relocating circa 1847 at Lee Co., Georgia; Historical background explaining the possible rationale for Gardner's move into and out of Lee County:
     In addition to fertile lands around Palmyra, the hammock lands northward along Kinchafooa and Muckalee Creeks were found to be rich. With increasing settlement and cultivation the pine high lands, on both sides of the territory drained by the Kinchafoona, Muckaloochee, and Muckalee Creeks, were found to be also almost equal to the hummocks in fertility. The soil of the county came to be considered as mostly fertile. Only the western part, having a reddish, thirsty, sandy soil, and a belt along the Flint River in the eastern part were found to be of inferior quality.
     Prospects of ready transportation by railroad through Macon and by steamboat from Albany to cotton markets throughout the world caused rapid transfer of the cotton-planting interests from the upper counties to Lee. Although the first steamboat reached Albany in 1837, the river was not used for much commercial navigation until after 1847 with the elimination of the worst shoal on the Flint River between Albany and Apalachicola. In 1848, the proposed railroad from Macon through Lee County to Albany had been legalized by sufficient subscriptions, including some from Lee County. The newspapers, the Southwestern Georgian (later the Albany Courier), founded in 1841, and the Albany Patriot, founded in 1845, also had some influence in publicizing the section for settlers." The June 30, 1847, issue of the Patriot had the following items:
     "We were shown on Monday last, two stalks of cotton from the plantation of Mr. Robert Thompson, of Lee County. One stalk was of the Grand Gulf Cotton... about six feet high, and had some eight or ten full grown bolls on it. We were assured that there were several bolls opened in the field from which this was taken. The other stalk was nearly six feet high, and had on it upwards of one hundred bolls and forms. It was not quite so forward on the other stalk. There is said to be two hundred acres of cotton on the same plantation as good as these specimens..."
     With such inducements large numbers of settlers came in from Liberty, Burk, Baldwin, and Putnam Counties. Rich plantations of hammock land grew up along the Kinchafoona and Muckalee Creeks. By 1849, the distribution of cultivated farming lands was shown by agricultural settlements to the north of Palmyra: Cotton Bluff (probably so named as a collection point for shipping cotton to Albany), Starkville with new settlers, Oceola and Chenuba, to the northwest, and Sumterville, to the northeast.
     Despite the transfer of a strip of this county's lands to Dooly County in 1842, population increased from 2,370 white and 2,706 black in 1840 to 3,025 white and 3,634 black, including 7 free black, in 1850. The white population was the largest the county has ever had. There were 387 farms, averaging seven whites with nine slaves to the farm, and 550 dwellings. Since the county contained 506 square miles or 323,841 acres, the landholdings in and adjacent to each farm average 837 acres. The major portion of the land was the unpeopled pine and swampy land surrounding the plantations. Real estate in the county had a tax valuation of $l,148,224, and an average sale value of $10 per acre. Personal estates, largely slaves, were valued at $2,207,702. Since there were 3,626 slaves, the average value per slave was about $600. The ordinary crop of a county planter was 100 to 2,000 bales of cotton. Average yield of the land per acre was 800 pounds of cotton, 20 bushels of corn, and 10 bushels of wheat. Little attention was paid to orchards.
     The history of farming in Lee County was probably similar to that generally of the cotton belt in southwestern Georgia. There was an influx of small farmers interested in growing cotton. Some chanced upon rich lands, others upon poor; some were near navigation, others were far; some were expert, vigorous, frugal and farsighted, others were slack, spendthrift or merely perhaps unlucky. Profits from efficiency and good fortune enabled some to buy slaves and then to buy neighboring lands and attain eventually the scale and rank of planters. For their added lands they, raid prices acceptable to those who heard the loud call of the West; but they could force no man to sell who was not so minded. There were several farmers to every planter, throughout the best cotton zone, each producing cotton in sturdy competition with his neighbor, great or small. "Divergencies were of continuous gradation from the wealthy to paupers." In the last instance only does Lee County differ. There is little record of poverty among the white people in Lee County before the War.
     Lee County's comparative wealth was due to early climatic conditions. The swampy lands interspersed in the county and the drinking water produced fevers among white people. The blacks, however, were immune to the fevers and thrived in the semi-tropical climate. The large white population of 1850 dwindled. Many sold their lands to those who had the financial resources to consolidate the lands into large plantations and to buy slaves to work them. Many of the owners lived away from their plantations, in Starkville, Palmyra, and in cities outside the county, such as Albany, Americus, and Macon. Agriculture was the county's only source of income, and slaves did this work. There were no possible opportunities to induce poor people to remain. By 1860, the white poulation was only 2,242, but the black had increased to 4,954.2 
1850 Census1 Jun 1850 Caroline, Nancy, Amanda, John, William and Mary was listed as a household member living with Gardner Culpepper of Thomas Co., GA on the 1850 Census at Lee Co., Georgia.3 
Relocationcirca 1853 He was an accompanying familiy member in the relocation of Gardner Culpepper of Thomas Co., GA circa 1853 at Boston, Thomas Co., Georgia.4 
1860 Census1 Jun 1860 Caroline, John, William, Mary, Sterling, James and Sterling was listed as a household member living with Gardner Culpepper of Thomas Co., GA in the 1860 Census at Thomas Co., Georgia.5 
Civil War*between 1861 and 1865 He served in the War Between the States between 1861 and 1865

     "Enlisted at Sapalo, GA 1861, Co. E, 29th GA Reg. under Capt. Bill Young. Discharged under age 1862 at Savannah. Re-enlisted 4th GA Cavalry, Co. F or Capt. Burners Co. Transferred fro 4th GA Cavalry to 20th GA Battallion, Co. F 1863, which I served with until the surrender at Augusta, GA."6 
Marriage*19 Apr 1866 He married Jane Elizabeth Turner at Thomas Co., Georgia, on 19 Apr 1866 at age 21.7 
Death of Father22 May 1868 His father Gardner Culpepper of Thomas Co., GA died on 22 May 1868 at Boston, Thomas Co., Georgia.8 
Birth of Son16 Nov 1868 His son James Gardner Culpepper M.D. was born on 16 Nov 1868 at Thomas Co., Georgia.9 
1870 Census*1 Jun 1870 William was listed as the head of a family on the 1870 Census at Boston, Thomas Co., Georgia.10 
1880 Census*1 Jun 1880 William was listed as the head of a family on the 1880 Census at Boston, Thomas Co., Georgia.11 
Death of Mother18 Nov 1885 His mother Caroline Jones died on 18 Nov 1885 at Boston, Thomas Co., Georgia.8 
1900 Census*1 Jun 1900 William was listed as the head of a family on the 1900 Census at Boston, Thomas Co., Georgia.12 
1910 Census*15 Apr 1910 William was listed as the head of a family on the 1910 Census at Thomas Co., Georgia.13 
Relocation*1910 He relocated in 1910 at DeSoto Co., Florida,6 
WWI Draft Reg1917 Except for his draft registration, there is no other known record of Harry Culpepper in DeSoto County. However, the 1920 census shows that his uncle Williiam Henry Culpepper was the manager of a farm in DeSoto County. So presumbaly, Harry was living and/or working with his uncle when he registered for the draft.14 
1920 Census*1 Jan 1920 William was listed as the head of a family on the 1920 Census at Bowling Green, DeSoto Co., Florida.15 
Relocation1921 In 1921, Bowling Green was in the part of DeSoto County that was split off to form Hardee County. 
Death of Spouse13 Apr 1924 His wife Jane Elizabeth Turner died on 13 Apr 1924 at Hardee Co., Florida.1 
Military pension*15 May 1924 Approved for Confederate pension of $300 per year. on 15 May 1924 at Bowling Green, Hardee Co., Florida.6 
Death*5 Jan 1930 He died at Hardee Co., Florida, on 5 Jan 1930 at age 84.1 
Burial*circa 7 Jan 1930 His body was interred circa 7 Jan 1930 at Summerhill Baptist Church Cemetery, Boston, Thomas Co., Georgia.16,1 
Biography* William named some of his daughters (William Jane and Thomas Alabama) with a boy's name. 

Family

Jane Elizabeth Turner (22 Oct 1845 - 13 Apr 1924)
Marriage*19 Apr 1866 He married Jane Elizabeth Turner at Thomas Co., Georgia, on 19 Apr 1866 at age 21.7 
Children
ChartsHenry Culpeper of Lower Norfolk: DNA Status Chart (Male only, 8 generations)
Benjamin (son of Robert) Culpepper of Edgecombe Co., NC: Descendant Chart
Last Edited9 Feb 2012

Citations

  1. Joe E. Craigmiles III, The Cemeteries of Thomas County, Georgia, Thomasville, GA: Craigmiles Historical Publications, 1990, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Book 975.8984 V3c.
    Summerhill Baptist Church, Boston, Thomas Co., GA
    + W. H. Culpepper, 14 Feb 1845 – 5 Jan 1930, Co. B, 29th GA Inf.
    + Jane E. Culpepper, 22 Oct 1845 – 13 Apr 1924.
  2. Gardner appeared in the 1840 census inTalbot County and in the 1850 census in Lee County. He is presumed to have relocated coincident with the Lee County boom.
  3. 1850 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 282, Family 175, District 50, Lee Co., GA
    Gardner Culpepper, 38, M, Manager, RE=$200, GA
    Caroline Culpepper, 34, F, GA
    Nancy F. Culpepper, 12, F, GA
    Amanda Culpepper, 9, F, GA
    John G. Culpepper, 7, M, GA
    Wm H Culpepper, 5, M, GA
    Mary A. M. Culpepper, 2, F, GA.
  4. 1853 relocation is based on the fact that in that year, Gardner and Caroline had only moved to Lee County in 1848, were still there at the time of the 1850 census, and then in 1853 they became founding members of a church in Thomas Co.
  5. 1860 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 24, Boston, Thomas Co., GA
    Gardner Culpepper, 49, M, GA, Farmer, $4,000/$11,000
    Caroline Culpepper, 45, F, GA
    J. G. Culpepper, 17, M, GA
    W. H. Culpepper, 15, M, GA
    M. N. Culpepper, 13, F, GA
    S. G. Culpepper, 9, M, GA
    J. S. Culpepper, 4, M, GA.
    S. Brinkley, 12, M, GA.
  6. Florida State Archives, compiler, Florida Confederate Pension Application Files, Florida Memory Project.
    http://www.floridamemory.com/Collections/PensionFiles/
    7 Aug 1923 pension application by William Henry Culpepper, age 78, born 14 Feb 1845 in Warren Co., GA, stating that he resided in Florida since 1910.
  7. Joseph E. Craigmiles III, Thomas County, Georgia Marriages (1826-1925), Thomasville, GA: Craigmiles & Associates Publishing/Printing, 1991.
    W. H. Culpepper and Jane E. Turner on 19 Apr 1866 in Thomas Co., GA, Book H-268.
  8. Joe E. Craigmiles III, The Cemeteries of Thomas County, Georgia, Thomasville, GA: Craigmiles Historical Publications, 1990, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Book 975.8984 V3c.
    Summerhill Baptist Church, Boston, Thomas Co., GA
    + Gardner Culpepper, 11 Dec 1811 – 22 May 1868
    + Caroline Culpepper, 23 Apr 1815 – 18 Nov 1885.

  9. E-mail written 20 Oct 1998 from quack264.
  10. 1870 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 104, Boston, Thomas Co., GA
    William Culpepper, 25, M, GA, Farmer, $625/$890
    Jane E. Culpepper, 24, F, GA
    Lillian Culpepper, 3, F, GA
    James G. Culpepper, 1, M, GA
    Benjamin Turner, 28, M, GA, Farmer, $625/$480.
  11. 1880 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 455B, Boston, Thomas Co., GA
    William H. Culpepper, Self, M, Male, W, 35, GA/GA/GA, Farmer
    Jane E. Culpepper, Wife, M, Female, W, 35, GA/GA/GA, Keeping House
    Lelia C. A. Culpepper, Dau, S, Female, W, 13, GA/GA/GA, At School
    James G. Culpepper, Son, S, Male, W, 11, GA/GA/GA, At School
    Hattie U. Culpepper, Dau, S, Female, W, 5, GA/GA/GA
    Willie J. Culpepper, Dau, S, Female, W, 9M, GA/GA/GA.
  12. 1900 Federal Census, United States.
    ED 92, page 4A, Boston, Thomas Co., GA
    William H. Culpepper, Head, M, Feb 1845 (55), Md 34, GA/GA/GA, Farmer
    Jane Culpepper, Wife, F, Oct 1845 (54), Md 34, ch 5/5, GA/GA/GA
    Willie Culpepper, Dau, F, Aug 1879 (20), GA/GA/GA
    Tommie Culpepper, Dau, F, Apr 1884 (16), GA/GA/GA.
  13. 1910 Federal Census, United States.
    ED 154, page 8A; Militia District 754, Thomas Co., GA
    W. H. Culpepper, Head, M, 65, Md 44, GA/GA/GA, Farmer
    Jane E. Culpepper, Wife, F, 64, Md 44, ch 5/5, GA/GA/GA.

  14. National Archives and Records Administration, compiler, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, Online database at Ancestry.com, 2005.
    http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6482
    "Harry Stuart Culpepper, Rt #1, Arcadia, FL, born 17 Nov 1892 in Boston, GA. Occupation is farmer. Has a wife and child. Claimed exemption from the draft based upon being a farmer and ______. Height is tall, eyes light brown and hair dark. No disabilities. Date of registration illegible. DeSoto Co., FL."
  15. 1920 Federal Census, United States.
    Page: 5B, ED: 24, Image: 485 (6 Jan 1920), School Street, Bowling Green, DeSoto Co., FL
    (In 1921, Bowling Green became part of Hardee Co.)
    William H. Culpepper, HH, M, W, 74, M, GA/GA/GA/Farm manager
    Jane E. Culpepper, Wife, F, W, 74, M, GA/GA/GA.
  16. Roster of Confederate Graves, Atlanta, GA: United Daughters of the Confederacy, Georgia Division, circa 1995.