Francis Culpeper of Barbados1,2

Male, #9113, (4 May 1823 - 11 May 1888)
Father*Dr. William Francis Culpeper of Barbados (24 Aug 1783 - )
Mother*Martha Jane Layne of Barbados (s 1788 - )
DNA* From DNA and genealogical evidence we conclude that Francis Culpeper of Barbados is a member of the International branch whose most recent common ancestor is either William Culpeper of Hunton and Wigsell, or the Rev. William Culpeper of Barbados. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Birth*4 May 1823 Francis was born at Saint Joseph, Barbados, on 4 May 1823.3,4 
Baptism27 May 1825 He was baptized at Saint Joseph, Barbados, on 27 May 1825.5  
Marriage*15 Sep 1842 He married Emily Rebecca Gaskin of Barbados at Saint Michael, Barbados, on 15 Sep 1842 at age 19.5 
Travel*9 Dec 1844 Francis arrived as head of household on 9 Dec 1844.3  
Birth of Son6 Mar 1848 His son Francis Culpeper of Barbados and South Africa was born on 6 Mar 1848 at Barbados
Birth of Son12 Jul 1849 His son William Culpeper of Barbados and South Africa was born on 12 Jul 1849 at Barbados.6 
Birth of Son30 Jan 1856 His son John Cumming Culpeper of Frankleigh in Barbados was born on 30 Jan 1856 at Barbados.6 
Portrait*circa 1860 He was in a portrait circa 1860 at Barbados.4
Francis Culpeper
Birth of Son29 Sep 1862 His son George Kopper Culpeper of Barbados and South Africa was born on 29 Sep 1862 at Barbados.6,2 
Photographed*say 1875 He was photographed say 1875 at Barbados
Francis Culpeper (b. 1825) with his six daughters: Martha Louisa, Mary Alleyne and Jessie Vinton, Emily and Frances Marion, and Helena (of South Africa).2
Francis & daughters
Death*11 May 1888 He died on 11 May 1888 at age 65.4 
Biography* "Always very hard up, but never a cross word."

From Glen N. Colepeper, regarding why the Culpepers had emigrated from Barbados: "What my father said in this connexion was that (as far as his own lot, at any rate, were concerned)the reason was as follows. The Francis Culpeper (his grandfather)who married Emily Gaskin was apparently quite a wealthy man, but decided to sink all his money into the building of a sugar refinery, since at the time there was no local refinery, and the sugar had to be sent abroad in the form of treacle, or whatever, to be refined. No sooner had he done this than the sugar beet industry started up in Europe, and the bottom fell out of the sugar market. The old man lost all his money as a consequence, and died, so the saying went, 'of a broken heart'; and his children decided that there was no longer a future for them in Barbados, and emigrated, as you know, to places like Canada, Puerto Rico, New Zealand and South Africa. (I offer this story for what it's worth: I don't know how much truth there is in it.)"

Regarding the prosperity of Francis, I was somewhat surprised at the age of those old photos (taken in the 1860's and 1870's. The family was certainly dressed in a way that suggests prosperity. Also, at this time, wouldn't such photos have been expensive to get? Wouldn't that be something that only the more privileged might be able afford? What I'm getting at is that I suspect that Francis came from a well-to-do family and probably enjoyed prosperity in his earlier days. He may have continued to spend that way after he lost it all (I've certainly known people who did that, running up enormous debts, and then finally selling off what ever underlying hard assets--like land--they may have hung on to for as long as possible. Then,
perhaps by his middle years, his ability to spend was exhausted and he was broke (the investment in a sugar refinery could have been the last straw), and the Canadian reference about how poor he was could have been made by someone who only knew him from that point forwards. And that is probably the point after which the children almost all fled the island to find greater opportunities elsewhere. So I don't know that the two stories are necessarily in conflict.7,2 
Research note*18 Nov 2013 From Mark Layne, Oct 2013:

Re- My great grandfather Francis Culpeper - a few corrections are needed.

The Portrait was painted from a photograph AFTER his death from a sporadic case of yellow fever, by a well know Barbadian artist, Poyer. I own the painting and the photograph.

Glen Culpeper's recollections are approximately correct, except that the sugar plantation was in St Kitts - not Barbados. My grandmother Jessie Vinton is the girl in the right front of the group of six, and my grandfather Francis Ambrose Layne travelled to St Kitts and they were married in St Pauls Anglican church. In those days Armel Henry Pollard Culpeper was established as headmaster at the school in Anguilla and there was also a Reverend George Culpeper (whom I have so far not identified) shuttling about between St Kitts and Anguilla. St Kitts then was second only to Barbados in Britishness.

After the failure of the sugar plantation (named Foyes) The family returned to Barbados and lived with his mother Martha Jane in her house Frankleigh. His brother Alleyne on the other hand was an extremely wealthy Attorney. I have met a man in St Kitts who tells me he can show me the remains of Foyes boiling house in St Pauls Parish. George Kopper was his main helper on the plantation.

The reference to travel to Philadelphia was a trip organized by Emily Rebecca's father Ben Gaskin for whatever reason. None stayed in US from that trip.

John Cumming should read Cummins. Died Barbados 1923-run over by a tram. My grandmother was inconsolable as he was the only one of her siblings remaining in Barbados.

We had a great visit with Vivien Culpeper in Barbados last year- she thought Culpeper Island was a little bigger, but she appreciated seeing Francis's and Emily Rebecca's gravesite.7 

Family

Emily Rebecca Gaskin of Barbados (circa 1822 - 1901)
Marriage*15 Sep 1842 He married Emily Rebecca Gaskin of Barbados at Saint Michael, Barbados, on 15 Sep 1842 at age 19.5 
Children
ChartsThe Culpepers of Barbados and the Colepepers of South Africa: Descendant Chart
Last Edited11 Feb 2014

Citations

  1. Culpeper of Barbados Pedigree.
  2. E-mail written 1999-2002 to Lew Griffin and Warren Culpepper from Glen Nicholas Colepeper (#36393), Cape Town, South Africa, (deceased 2006).
  3. National Archives, compiler, Philadelphia Passenger Lists, 1800-1945, Online database at Ancestry.com, 2006.
    http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8769
    Travelled from Barbados on the Henry G. King, arriving on 9 Dec 1844 in Philadelphia in route to New Jersey: Francis Culpeper (22 M), Merchant, Emily R. Culpeper (22 F), Emily Culpeper (11/12 F) Amelia F. Gaskin (24 F).
  4. E-mail written 1999-2008 to Lew Griffin and Warren Culpepper from Ian George Colepeper (#36386), South Africa, (deceased 2008).
  5. Church of Latter Day Saints, compiler, International Genealogical Index (IGI), Intellectual Reserve, Inc..
    http://www.familysearch.org/
  6. E-mail written 1998-2006 to Warren Culpepper from Richard Clark Culpeper (#9447), 139A Little Norway Road, Station F, RR 3, Site 3, Compartment 11, Oliver & Paipoonge Township, Thunder Bay Ontario P7C 4V2 Canada, Phone 807-625-6341, e-mail address.
  7. E-mail written 2005-2013 to Culpepper Connections from Mark Layne, Canada and Barbados, e-mail address.