Thomas Culpeper of Wigsell1

Male, #8391, (1561 - before 19 Sep 1613)
Father*John Culpeper of Wigsell (1531 - 20 Oct 1612)
Mother*Elizabeth Sedley (s 1534 - 16 May 1618)
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*1561 Thomas was born at Wigsell, Salehurst, co. Sussex, England, in 1561. 
Middle Temple*21 Apr 1583  On 21 Apr 1583, Thomas was admitted to the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, commonly known as Middle Temple, one of the four Inns of Court (professional associations for barristers and judges) in London.2 
Marriage*circa 1597 He married Anne Slaney circa 1597. 
Birth of Son31 Oct 1598 His son Slaney Culpeper was born on 31 Oct 1598.3 
Birth of Son7 Aug 1599 His son John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway was born on 7 Aug 1599 at Wigsell, Salehurst, co. Sussex, England
Will22 Oct 1602 John, Elizabeth, Thomas, Anthony, Henry, John, William and Elizabeth named as heir(s) in the will of Thomas Culpeper of Wilmington, co. Sussex on 22 Oct 1602.4 
Marriage*say 1605 He married Mary Beeston say 1605. 
Birth of Soncirca Dec 1607 His son Thomas Culpeper was born circa Dec 1607. 
Biography* Thomas was probably born at Wigsell (his younger brother, Sir Alexander, testifies in his will that he was there born), but the evidence is lacking; the record of the surviving Salehurst register begins only with the burials of this generation. As a consequence, the proof of the date of his birth rests on his matriculation at Hart Hall. Oxford, in 1579, as 'of Sussex, aged 19' (Foster).
     He was admitted 'generally' to the Middle Temple, April 21, 1583, as 'son and heir of John Culpeper of Wigsoll, Sussex, esq.,' and in May, 1596, was still in residence; but, being then recorded after thirteen years as no more than an 'inner barrister,'32 it is apparent that he had not pursued the law with the intention of a professional career (Hopwood, i:260, 366).
     It was this Thomas who inaugurated his family's interest in Virginia. The explanation is patent. During the period of his residence at the Middle Temple that ancient college was a centre of the discussion, translated into action, of the voyages which lead to the English colonization in America. It suffices to cite the Middle Templars of this period whose names are on the American bead roll. Richard Hakluyt the elder, Sir John Popham, Walter Raleigh and his captains, Philip Amadas, Ralph Lane and Bartholomew Gosnold, were all members of the Society, as of a younger generation were George Percy, Richard Martin and the Ferrars (Bidwell). Our Thomas was undoubtedly in commons when Sir Francis Drake dined there in 1586 to be congratulated on his safe return from his voyage around the world, as he and his brother John must also have been in 1593 and 1594, when similar visits were paid by Frobisher and Hawkins.
     More than that, these Culpepers were members of the family connection of the sons of Archbishop Sandys who took the lead in the Virginia Company; while Thomas whetted his own appetite for colonial speculation by his marriage in 1597 with the daughter of a great London overseas merchant. It was against such a background that Thomas Culpeper of Wigsell and John Culpeper, later of Feckenham, became subscribers to and members of The Treasurer and Company for Virginia under the second charter of May 23, 1609 (Brown, Genesis, i, 218; ii, 869); and it was with those subscriptions, made forty years before the date of the first Northern Neck charter in which the subscriber's respective sons were to be named, that the history of the Northern Neck proprietary may be said to begin. There is no further public testimony for Thomas, but his personal record is amply documented.
     He died September 18th and was buried in Salehurst, September 19, 1613, as 'Tho. Colepeper, armiger,' leaving a will, followed by an inq. p. m.2 
Will*16 Sep 1613 He made a will on 16 Sep 1613.

I Thomas Culpeper of Wigsell in the Countie of Sussex Esquire. To be buried with littell adoe. To my welbeloved wife (Mary Beeston) the household stuff plate and linnen which she brought. Whereas I have received £500 for certain land which belonged to my wife in co Salop (Shropshire), sometime the Williames or one of them, although I have bin at the charges of above £72 I will a certain farm at Padian to my wife for her life and after her decease to the eldest son I shall beget of her body and for default of such issue to such daughters as I shall beget, remainder to the heirs male of my body, and if I have but one daughter by my now wife then £700 to such daughter at 18, but if she die before 18 then £500 to my wives son at 24, and if he die before then £100 to Elizabeth Mumford and to such children as shall be living if Elizabeth Mumford shall die. Wife shall have use of all jewells she hath, that is to say a border, a chayne of perle, a payer of bracelets, a cup of silver with the lyde thereto belonginge wch I bought, and certain gold wroth buttons which I bought wch she useth to were on her gowne some set wth stones and perle and some wth perle only during her lyfe and after her decease to such doughter or doughters as shall will them unto begotten by me and for all other Jewells wch her mother Baistone hath geaven I will absolutely to herselfe. All other goods and profits of my lands till my eldest sonne come to the age of 24 yeares to my executors to the good of all my children begotten by my now wife as of my children begotten by my first wife. My daughters portions to be paid at 18 and sons at 24. Executors my brother John Culpeper (John Culpeper of Astwood in Feckenham, co. Worcs.) and my brother Alexander Culpeper (Sir Alexander Culpeper of Greenway Court, Knight) to whom all lands parsonages, or leases which I have heretofore bought with authority to sell the same for payment of debts, and the residue to be bestowed among my children at their discretion. Dated 16 Sept. 1613. Witnesses Richard Relfe, John Sleep.

After this I added this much more 6 May 1612. To my dear wife Mary Culpeper a tankard of silver and such goodes as I shall have of her mother Bistone. 6 May 1612. Witness John Sleep. All lands I have by graunt discent or will from my father unto the said John Culpeper and Alexander Culpeper till my sonne Slaney Culpeper (Slaney Culpeper) is 21 and my debts paid, after which they shall convey the same to him. 16 Sep. 1613. Witnesses Richard Relfe, John Sleep. All timber on my mannor of Wigsell and on my mannor of Harrenden in Sandherst and Newenden in Kent to my executors for payment of my debts. And I intreate my executors to compound for the wardship of my eldest son and heir if any lands are held of the King in capite. 16 Sept. 1613. Witnesses Richard Relfe, John Sleep. Proved with codicils 25 Sept. 1613 by John Colepeper one of the executors, power being reserved for Alexander Culpeper, the other executor.5 
Burial19 Sep 1613 His body was interred on 19 Sep 1613 at Salehurst, co. Sussex, England
Death*before 19 Sep 1613 He died before 19 Sep 1613. 
Probate*7 May 1614 Probate action was taken on Thomas's estate on 7 May 1614 at East Grinstead, co. Sussex, England,

Inquisition taken at East Grinstead co. Sussex 7 May 1614 ( 12 James I) before... , after death of Thomas Culpeper esq. dec., by oath of... who say that long before death of sd. T. C., one John Culpeper esq. (John Culpeper of Wigsell), his father was seised in fee of manor or farm of Wigsell containing 600 acres in pish. of Saleherst in sd. co. & of lands containing 12 acres in Saleherst & Bodyham in sd. co. in tenure of Thomas Dunke. So seised sd. J. C: by Indre dat. 16 May, 31 Eliz [1589]- conveyed sd lands to use of himself & Elizabeth his wife (Elizabeth Sedley) for lives; remainder to sd T. C. in tail male by Anne his wife (Anne Slaney); remr. to heirs male of sd. J. C; remainder to heirs male of William C_ dec. (William Culpeper of Sussex) father of sd John; remr to heirs of body of sd T. C. by sd Anne; remr. to right heirs of sd J. C. Afterwards sd Anne died on 20 Feb 1600/1. Sd John Culpeper died 20 Oct 1612. Sd Elizabeth his wife survives, & is seised of sd lands for life, & is living at Newenden co. Kent. Moreover sd T. C. was seised of lands containing 12 acres in Saleherst, in tenure of John Culpeper jun- (John Culpeper of Astwood in Feckenham, co. Worcs.); & of a messe in Robertsbridge, sd co., in tenure of Richard Greene; & of lands containing 7 acres in Ewherst in sd. co. in tenure of sd J. Culpeper jun; & of a mess & 2 acres in Westharn in sd co. Sd T. C. on 16 Sep. 1613 made his will as follows 'All lands I have bought to my sd exors. my brother John & my brother Alexander C. in fee on trust for legacies etc. & then among my children at discretion of my exors. All lands I have from my father to sd exors. to take profits until my son Slany C. be 21 ; & then exors. to convey same to him in fee.' Sd. T. C. died 18 Sept. last 16131 & Slany C. esq. is his son & heir by sd Amne & also son & heir of sd Thomas & was 14 years 10 months & 18 days at his father's death. Wigsell is held of Thomas Pelham, Bt. as of his castle of Hastings in sd co. by knights service (but by what part jurors know not) & is worth £10 a year. Sd 12 acres in Saleherst & Bodyharn are held of Ralph Bosvile knight & Thomas Levett gent., as of their manor of Bodyham, by fealty (but by what services jurors know not) & are worth 3s. 4d. a year. Sd. 12 acres in Saleh[erst [John Culpeper jun's] are held by Robert Tirwhitt esq. as of his manor of Etchingham by fealty (but by what etc.) & are worth 3s. 4d. a year. Sd premises in Robertsbridge are held of Robert, viscount Lisle as of his manor of Robertsbridge sd co. by fealty (but by what etc) & are worth 2s. Sd. 7 acres in Ewhurst sd co. are held of John Bromfeld gent. as of his manor of Ewhurst sd co. by fealty (but by what etc.) & are worth 6d. a year. Sd messe etc. in Westham sd co. are held of Thomas Baker knight as of his manor of Newe Pryorye sd co. in socage (but by what rent etc.) & are worth 5s. Sd T. C. held no other land in sd co.6 

Family 1

Anne Slaney (circa 1575 - 20 Feb 1600/1)
Marriage*circa 1597 He married Anne Slaney circa 1597. 
Children

Family 2

Mary Beeston (say 1575 - circa 1661)
Marriage*say 1605 He married Mary Beeston say 1605. 
Children
ChartsDiana, Princess of Wales: Culpeper Ancestral Chart
The 12th century Culpepers of England: Descendant Chart (16 generations, Males only)
Last Edited25 Mar 2012

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm.
  3. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    He was 14 years, 10 months and 18 days old at his father's death on 18 Sep 1613.
  4. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Abstract of the Will of Thomas Culpeper, of Wilmington, from Lewes, A. 11, 218, and P.C.C., 102 Bolein.
  5. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
    Extract from the Will of Thomas Culpeper of Wigsell, Esq.
  6. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    P.C.C. 79 Capell Chancery Inq. P.M. 1614 No. 53.
  7. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chanc. Inq. P. M. Ser. 11, 374: 104.