Hon. John Alden of the Mayflower1,2

Male, #62986, (circa 1599 - 12 Sep 1687)
Birth*circa 1599 He was born circa 1599 at England.
     There are several theories regarding Alden's ancestry. According to William Bradford’s Of Plimoth Plantation, he was hired as a cooper in Southampton, England, just before the voyage to America. In The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers, Charles Edward Banks suggested that John was the son of George and Jane Alden and grandson of Richard and Avys Alden of Southampton. However, there are no further occurrences of the names George, Richard, and Avys in his family which would have been unusual in the seventeenth century.
     Another theory is that John Alden came from Harwich, England, where there are records of an Alden family who were related by marriage to Christopher Jones, the Mayflower’s captain. In this case, he may have been the son of John Alden and Elizabeth Daye.2,3,4 
Marriage*circa 1623 He married Priscilla Mullins of the Mayflower at Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts, circa 1623.2,3,5,6
John Alden & Priscilla Mullins
Birth of Soncirca 1626 His son Capt. John Alden was born circa 1626 at Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts.2,5 
Birth of Soncirca 1627 His son Joseph Alden was born circa 1627 at Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts.2,5 
Birth of Soncirca 1632/33 His son Capt. Jonathan Alden was born circa 1632/33 at Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts.2 
Birth of Sonbetween 1642 and 1648 His son David Alden was born between 1642 and 1648.2 
Occupation* He was a cooper.2 
Death*12 Sep 1687 He died at Duxbury, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts, on 12 Sep 1687.2,5 
Biography* John Alden is said to be the first person from the Mayflower to set foot on Plymouth Rock in 1620. He was a ship-carpenter by trade and a cooper for Mayflower, which was usually docked at Southampton. He was also one of the founders of Plymouth Colony and the seventh signer of the Mayflower Compact. Distinguished for practical wisdom, integrity and decision, he acquired and retained a commanding influence over his associates. Employed in public business he became the Governor's Assistant, the Duxbury Deputy to the General Court of Plymouth, a member under arms of Capt. Miles Standish's Duxbury Company, a member of Council of War, Treasurer of Plimoth Colony, and Commissioner to Yarmouth.
     John was the last male survivor of the signers of the Mayflower Compact, and with the exception of Mary Allerton, he was the last survivor of the Mayflower's company. He died at Duxbury on September 12, 1687. Both he and his wife Priscilla Mullins lie buried in the Miles Standish Burial Ground.
     The Alden residence is also in Duxbury, on the north side of the village, on a farm which is still in possession of their descendants of the seventh generation. He made no will, having distributed the greater part of his estate among his children during his lifetime.
     John Alden's House, now a National Historic Landmark, was built in 1653 and is open to the public as a museum. It is run by the Alden Kindred of America, an organization which provides historical information about him and his home, including genealogical records of his descendants.
     Of all the marriages that were a product of Mayflower couples, John and Priscilla Alden have the most descendants, for they had ten children. They include Presidents John Adams, John Quincy Adams, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, actress Jodie Foster, and many other well known figures in American history.4 
Biography1689 Some famous Descendants of John and Priscilla Alden
John Adams, 2nd President of the U.S.
John Quincy Adams, 5th President of the U.S.
Frank Nelson Doubleday, Founder of the publishing company bearing his name
Herbert Henry Dow, Founder of Dow Chemical Company
George Bird Grinnell, Founder of the Audobon Society
Martha Graham, American dancer, teacher, choreographer and pioneer of modern dance
Granville Stanley Hall, American psychologist who profoundly influenced child psychology in the US
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American Poet
Marilyn Monroe, American actress
James Danforth 'Dan' Quayle, Vice President of the U.S.
Samuel Seabury, Jr., 1st U.S. Episcopal Bishop
Adlai Ewing Stevenson III, U.S. Senator and Democratic Presidential candidate
Orson Welles, American actor and director.7,8 

Family

Priscilla Mullins of the Mayflower (circa 1603 - between 1680 and 1687)
Marriage*circa 1623 He married Priscilla Mullins of the Mayflower at Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts, circa 1623.2,3,5,6
John Alden & Priscilla Mullins
Children
ChartsWLC / Warren L. Culpepper Ancestral Chart
WLC / John and Priscilla Alden's Descendant Chart
Last Edited1 Jan 2012

Citations

  1. For a Brief History on the Mayflower and Plymouth Colony by Warren Culpepper, see: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/newengland/mayflower.htm
  2. David E. Joyce, compiler, e-mail address, Pane-Joyce Genealogy, 12 Dec 2011.
    http://cs.clarku.edu/~djoyce/gen/report/
  3. Susan E. Roser, Mayflower Increasings, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 2nd ed., 1995, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN 974.482 D2r 1995.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "John Alden," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Alden&oldid=462346658 (accessed December 19, 2011).
  5. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633 (3 vols.), Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995.
  6. For sculpture:
    Wikipedia contributors, "John Alden," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Alden&oldid=462346658 (accessed December 19, 2011).
  7. Alden Kindred of America Website.
    http://www.alden.org/
  8. Culpepper Connections publisher, Warren Culpepper, is also a descendant of John and Priscilla Alden through his maternal line.