Joel Culpepper of Harris Co., GA1

Male, #4926, (circa 1796 - 1878)
Father*Walter Newman (c 1770 - c 1819)
Mother*Argent Culpepper (c 1778 - a 1 Jun 1850)
DNA* DNA testing of descendants of different sons of Joel Culpepper of Harris Co., GA show that the descendants are related to each other but not to the mainline of Culpeppers. Joel was once thought to be the son of William Culpepper Jr. of Warren Co., GA, a descendant of Henry Culpepper of Lower Norfolk, the progenitor of most American Culpeppers. However, Joel's male descendants are a match with DNA tests conducted within the Newman family, and his most likely parents are now thought by Newman researchers to be Walter Newman and Argent Culpepper. So while this branch may be related by blood to other American Culpeppers, it would be through Joel's mother, Argent. Testing of autosomal DNA might prove this link.2 
Birth*circa 1796 Joel was born at Georgia circa 1796.3 
War of 1812*between 1813 and 1814 He served in the War of 1812 between 1813 and 1814
(Georgia Militia, Captain Hudleston's Company.)4 
Death of Fathercirca 1819 His father Walter Newman died circa 1819 at Warren Co., Georgia.5 
Marriage*26 Aug 1819 He married Rebecca Hammack at Jones Co., Georgia, on 26 Aug 1819.6 
Land Lottery*1820 He had a fortunate draw in the land lottery in 1820 at Buckhalters District, Jones Co., Georgia,
lot 85-20 in Early Co., GA.7 
1820 Census*7 Aug 1820 Joel was listed as the head of a family on the 1820 Census at Jones Co., Georgia. Unaccounted for is one Male 0-10..8 
Deed4 Oct 1821 He was granted a deed on 4 Oct 1821 at Jones Co., Georgia,

Jacob Watson to Joel Culpepper, 50 acres, part of Lot #45 in District 11. Wit: John English, Wife P. ____.9 
Birth of Son28 Jun 1823 His son James Monroe Culpepper of Harris Co., GA was born on 28 Jun 1823 at Jones Co., Georgia.10,11 
Deed*14 Nov 1825 He was party to a deed on 14 Nov 1825 at Jones Co., Georgia,

14 Nov 1825. Joel Culpepper of Jones County to William Powell of Decatur, for $52, lot 85 in 20th district as granted to Joel Culpepper, 11 Nov 1825. Wit: Gideon Pope. 
Deed12 Dec 1826 He granted a deed on 12 Dec 1826 at Jones Co., Georgia,

Joel Culpepper to Pierce A. Lewis, 4 acres of Lot #45 in District 11. Wit: S. C. Lippet.12 
Deed25 Jun 1827 He witnessed a deed grant to Benjamin Culpepper on 25 Jun 1827 at Talbot Co., Georgia,

Zeptha Newman of Jones County to Benjamin Culpepper of Warren County for $100, S 1/2 of lot 121 in 22nd District of Muscogee, 101 1/4 acres. Wit: Uriah Jones, Joel Culpepper, M. Culpepper, J.P. (Talbot Co., GA Deed Book A, page 235.) 
Birth of Son1828 His son Mariner C. Culpepper of Harris Co., GA was born in 1828 at Jones Co., Georgia
1830 Census*1 Jun 1830 Joel was listed as the head of a family on the 1830 Census at Jones Co., Georgia.13 
1840 Census*1 Jun 1840 Joel was listed as the head of a family on the 1840 Census on 1 Jun 1840 at Harris Co., Georgia.
(Unaccounted for is 1 Female 15-20.)14 
1850 Census*1 Jun 1850 Joel was listed as the head of a family on the 1850 Census on 1 Jun 1850 at Harris Co., Georgia.15 
1860 Census*1 Jun 1860 Joel was listed as the head of a family on the 1860 Census at Harris Co., Georgia.16 
1860 Slave Census*1 Jun 1860 He was listed as a slave owner on the 1860 Census at Harris Co., Georgia, and owned 36 slaves.17 
1870 Census*1 Jun 1870 Joel was listed as the head of a family on the 1870 Census at Harris Co., Georgia.18 
Death*1878 He died at Harris Co., Georgia, in 1878. 
Burial*1878 His body was interred in 1878 at Bethany Baptist Church Cemetery, Pine Mountain, Troup Co., Georgia.19 
Biography* Joel Culpepper gave the land for Bethany Baptist Church which was organized 8 Sep 1828. (This land is in Harris Co., GA, near Chipley, which is now known as Pine Mountain, GA, the community where Callaway Gardens is located) The site measured 30 rods by 40 rods or seven and one-half acres. (Louise Calhoun Barfield, "History of Harris Co., GA, 1827-1961, pp 411-412).

Bethany Baptist Church Marker:

http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=22411


This same Joel was named in the will of Sarah Ragan of Pike Co. GA. 
Research note*May 2009 From Sharon Fowler:
Date: Sunday, May 17, 2009
Hi all,

Since the Culpeppers have not been added to the Newman surname project, I thought that I would make up this little chart showing the differences. The only perfect 37-marker match is between Richard William Newman (descendant of Walter Jr. (1696)) and Jimmy Charles Culpepper (presumably a descendant of Samuel Newman (1715)).

It looks like either R W Newman or J J Newman carries the original values of the markers. They differ on only the 32nd marker and because of the existence of close cousins in the various lines, it's not possible to tell whether 18 or 19 was the original value.

I have upgraded the testing for R W to 67 markers and Beverly Culpepper has upgraded the testing for her brother George William to 67 markers. Since J J and C E match on all of their markers above 37, with 2 others testing at that level, it should be pretty clear what those markers are supposed to be, meaning that others should not have to test at that level.

Last night I did a little background on the Newmans and the Culpeppers of Georgia. The Newman family in question must be that of Samuel Newman and Eve Castleberry of Warren Co., GA. The Culpeppers in question were also from that county, although several of them migrated to Jones county before 1820.

The genetic break occurs between Bev's great-great-grandfather (Joel Culpepper) and the known Culpepper lines, as there is no DNA match between them. Joel Culpepper was born about 1795 or 1796 and presumably his father was a Newman, and the 4 eldest sons of Samuel & Eve Newman were all old enough. However, the only truly realistic candidate is Walter Newman, the son of Samuel & Eve, who married Argent Culpepper in 1794. Their oldest known child wasn't born until after 1800, but given the circumstances it seems likely that Joel was actually their oldest child. If this is true, it's anybody's guess why they would have given him up to be raised as a Culpepper.

There were district-wide losses for all censuses before 1820 in Georgia, which is unfortunate. At the time of the 1820 census, Joel was newly married and living in Captain Buckhalter's District, Jones Co., GA. The only other Culpepper living in that district was Daniel Culpepper Jr., Argent (Culpepper) Newman's brother. Bev had thought that perhaps Joel was raised by William Culpepper Jr., the uncle of Daniel and Argent, but in 1820 William Jr. was living in Captain Rosser's District. I think that it's more likely that Joel was raised by Daniel Culpepper Jr.

Comments, etc. would be appreciated.

Sharon.20 
Research note23 Jul 2009 From: Sharon Fowler
Sent: Thursday, July 23, 2009 6:10 PM
To: Lew Griffin
Subject: Re: Joel Culpepper parentage


Hi Lew,

As far as I know, no Newman researcher has found a will or probate record for Walter Newman. According to Ken Newman, the only named record of his children is in the will of his daughter Sarah Newman who married Mountain Hill. I don't really know why then it is assumed that these were the only children of Walter and Argent, I didn't do that research myself.

I guess I understand your thinking that Joel was raised by William Culpepper Jr. However, I have a different idea to throw out to you. In the 1820 census, unfortunately the first one to survive as I'm sure you know, Joel and Daniel Jr. were in the same district, while William Jr. was in another district in Jones Co. I don't know if this has to do with who won what land in the Georgia land lottery, but if I didn't know about that, I would have assumed a closer relationship between Joel and Daniel Jr. than between Joel and William Jr.

Also, Joel named his children James Monroe and Mariner C. Culpepper. Mariner seems to have been named after Argent's younger brother who was similar in age to Joel. The first Mariner also named a son James Monroe. To me, this would imply that Joel grew up with Mariner, i.e. that he was raised by Daniel and Sarah (which is what I actually meant in my other e-mail, because I knew that Argent's brother Daniel was too young.

Daniel Sr. would probably not have thought to mention Joel separatelyin his will (even if he did raise him), because he was leaving his estate to his children, which included Argent, leaving it up to her to leave something to Joel.

I don't know, that's just what I was thinking, but again it's something we'll never know.

Thanks for the info, I appreciate it.

Sharon

----- Original Message ----
From: Lew Griffin
To: Sharon Fowler
Sent: Thursday, July 23, 2009 5:33:16 PM
Subject: RE: Joel Culpepper parentage

Hi Sharon,
 Over the years I have looked at the early Georgia wills, and for
that matter, the estates, and have not found a reference to this Joel
Culpepper in any of them. Might he be mentioned in any Newman estates or
wills? Have those all been checked for Georgia? My understanding is that
no probate records have been found for Walter Newman.
 As for who might have raised Joel, Argent's brother Daniel Jr. was
five years younger than she was, and was not married until 1805. So I doubt
that Argent would have given up her infant to her single brother. The late
Barbara Lockard, a major Joel researcher, studied Joel's origins for a
number of years, and her best guess was that Joel appeared to be the son of
William Culpepper Jr. (born 1765) of Jones County. This would have been
Argent's uncle. Looking at the various possibilities, I still think William
Jr. most likely raised Joel. I guess Argent's parents Daniel Sr. & Sarah
might have raised Joel, but they were much older than William Jr., and Joel
first shows up in Jones County, where William Jr. lived, and not in Warren
County, where Daniel Sr. lived.
 Thanks for the kind remarks about the Culpepper website. Warren and
I both appreciate them.
 Lew

-----Original Message-----
From: Sharon Fowler
Sent: Wednesday, July 22, 2009 4:25 PM
To: Lew Griffin
Cc: Warren Culpepper
Subject: Re: Joel Culpepper parentage


Hi Lew,

I will list Joel as the eldest son of Walter and Argent, with notes to the
effect that the placement may be wrong, because there isn't enough
information. I wouldn't feel as right about doing this if the couple had
other known children starting right after their marriage, but the large gap
between the marriage and the first known children 10 years later implies a
serious problem of some kind which could lead to such a situation as we are
proposing. The giving away of a child is certainly not a scenario that I've
taken lightly.

I appreciate all of your input and was hoping that you might be able to tell
me something. I've been through Warren's website (great by the way) and was
not able to determine if Joel Culpepper was mentioned in any of the various
wills left by the Culpeppers. I know the speculation had been that he was
raised by a William, but given that Joel named his children after those in
his own generationwhowere ofArgent's line, wouldn't it seem more likely
that he was raised by someone closer to her? Perhaps her brother Daniel?

Just wondering.

Thanks for all of your help in this endeavour.

Sharon

----- Original Message ----
From: Lew Griffin
To: Sharon Fowler
Sent: Wednesday, July 22, 2009 3:35:40 PM
Subject: Joel Culpepper parentage

Hi Sharon,
 I'm sure speculation on what might have happened is limited only by
our imaginations, and it is largely a futile effort at this point, as we
will never know exactly. But I agree with you that the bottom line is that
Joel was most likely the son of Walter Newman and Argent Culpepper, and
until some better choice presents itself, we should list Joel that way.
Both DNA and circumstantial evidence point in that direction.
 Regards, Lew

-----Original Message-----
From: Sharon Fowler
Sent: Wednesday, July 22, 2009 1:38 PM
To: Warren Culpepper; Lew Griffin
Subject: Re: New DNA Comparison Chart for the Newman, Culpepper and West Clan

Hi Warren and Lew,

I do believe that Joel was born in 1795 or 1796, rather than 1798 (most of
the evidence points to that). However, I do not agree that having been
conceived out of wedlock, and then being born "too shortly" after a marriage
would cause a woman to give up that child. In that case, why marry at all?
I can see it if Joel wasn't a Newman, but he was, wasn't he?

According to other researchers, this couple had no children until 1805.
What? 10 years of marriage before they start pumping them out every year or
so? That makes no sense to me unless something very bad happened.

Ken Newman believes that the marriage date is wrong and that he's seen
another, later, date, but I've not seen it. Have either of you?

It is my belief that Argent had Joel and that she either nearly died in
childbirth, making it impossible for her to raise a child and maybe they
didn't think she'd live, or she got something like post-partum depression
and tried to hurt him, or they lost all of their money, or they split up for
some reason and eventually got back together. There are many reasons why
this could have happened, but the one that Warren puts up makes no sense to
me. Again, in that instance, why even bother with the marriage?

There is another less palatable reason like they got married and then Walter
had an affair with her sister or something, so they split up and eventually
got back together after 10 years and then started pumping out children.
What? Again, this makes no logical sense to me.

My guess is that we will never know, but I think that we should try to
choose a "most likely" placement and then we should all add a caveat that we
really don't know for sure anything except that Joel's father was a Newman
and his mother was likely a Culpepper. (Given the name of Joel, I assume
close ties to the Culpeppers at birth.)

Sharon






----- Original Message ----
From: Warren Culpepper
To: Lew Griffin
Cc: owls_nest_too@yahoo.com
Sent: Wednesday, July 22, 2009 6:42:42 AM
Subject: RE: New DNA Comparison Chart for the Newman, Culpepper and West
Clan

Thanks, Lew,

There is a simple possible explanation for why Argent may have given up her
baby Joel to be raised by a relative. Argent may have gotten pregnant by
Walter Newman before she married him. We have no proof of Joel's birth
date, and while we state on our website it was 1798 (supported by his age 61
in the 1860 census), his age as reported in the censuses of 1850 (age 54)
and 1870 (age 74) point to a birth date between 1 Jun 1795 and 30 Apr 1796.
Argent and Walter married on 16 Dec 1794, and thus if Joel was born in the
summer of 1795, he was conceived out of wedlock. Joel's participation in
the War of 1812 also supports the notion of this earlier-than-1798 birth
date.

Regards,
Warren


-----Original Message-----
From: Lew Griffin [mailto:lewgriffin@cox.net]
Sent: Tuesday, July 21, 2009 6:43 PM
To: Warren Culpepper
Subject: FW: New DNA Comparison Chart for the Newman, Culpepper and West
Clan

Warren,
FYI
Lew

-----Original Message-----
From: Sharon Fowler
Sent: Tuesday, July 21, 2009 3:30 PM
To: Lew Griffin
Subject: New DNA Comparison Chart for the Newman, Culpepper and West Clan

Hi all,

We are growing!

New 67 marker test results are in for George William Culpepper, proving that
the Culpeppers are indeed Newman descendants. Lew Griffin and I both
believe that the most logical placement for Joel Culpepper is as the
legitimate son of Walter Newman and Argent Culpepper, who were married not
long before his birth. We don't see other likely scenarios for his birth,
although it is anybody's guess what catastrophe would cause a couple to give
up their child to be raised by a relative.

I would like to introduce Larry West, whose 67 marker results also show that
he is a descendant of Walter Newman the immigrant. His earliest known
ancestor is William Berry West, born between 1770 and 1774. He lived in
Laurens Co., South Carolinaand also in Monroe Co., Mississippi. A child of
his who lived until 1880 gave the father's place of birth as North
Carolina. This is interesting as Ken Newman and I have been working hard
and have come to the conclusion (from a prepondurance ofnew evidence) that
the Richard Newman who lived in Hyde and Beaufort counties in North Carolina
in the 1700s, was indeed "our" Richard (b. 1704), who was the son of Walter
Newman the immigrant.

Also found in Beaufort Co., NC was Walter Evitt, the son of Rachel (Newman)
Evitt (the daughter of Walter Newman the immigrant). New evidence today
shows that Rachel remarried after the death of her husband John Evitt to an
unknown Jones, having at least one son Thomas Jones, and possibly another
named Richard (waiting on another will abstract from a volunteer).

There were Wests in Hyde and Beaufort counties in North Carolina, but
unfortunately the will for a Henry West was merged in the North Carolina
archives with that for a Henry Snoad who died the same quarter in 1752,
thereby deleting some possibly important information. Much more research is
needed to find the exact connection (assuming that is even possible).

Well, that is enough for now. Any comments or queries would be welcome.

Sharon.20 
Research note29 Mar 2010 On 29 Mar 2010, Kenneth L. Newman wrote:
"I doubt that Joel Culpepper was a son of Walter Newman and Argintine Culpepper. There were a lot of Newman family members and Culpepper family members in the Warren County, Georgia area. William Newman line has not been fully researched. Members of the Richard Newman line could have been in the area."5 

Family

Rebecca Hammack (6 Jun 1796 - 25 May 1889)
Marriage*26 Aug 1819 He married Rebecca Hammack at Jones Co., Georgia, on 26 Aug 1819.6 
Children
ChartsOrphan / Joel Culpepper of Harris Co., GA: Descendant Chart
Last Edited1 Sep 2011

Citations

  1. E-mail written 2001 to Lew Griffin from Anne Miller Greer, Midland, GA.
  2. Warren L. Culpepper (#1942), Former publisher of Culpepper Connections, e-mail address.
  3. Lewis W. Griffin Jr. (#47), e-mail address.
    which makes him old enough to have served in the War of 1812.
  4. Virgil D. White, Index to War of 1812 Pension Files.
  5. E-mail written 2008-2010 to Culpepper Connections from Kenneth L. Newman, Carrollton, GA, e-mail address.
  6. Ancestry.com, compiler, Georgia Marriages to 1850, Online database at Ancestry.com, 1997.
    http://www.ancestry.com/search/rectype/inddbs/2085a.htm
    Joel Culpepper and Rebecca Hammock on 26 Aug 1819 in Jones Co., GA.
  7. The Rev. Silas Emmett Lucas Jr., 1820 Land Lottery of Georgia, Southern Historical Press, Easley, SC, 1986, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. 975.8 R2la.
    page 78.
  8. 1820 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 128, Jones Co., GA
    Joel Culpepper, 1M0-10, 1M26-45, 1F16-26.
  9. Abstracted by Lewis W. Griffin, Jones Co., GA Deed Records and Mortgages, 1807-1827, Salt Lake City, UT: Jones County Superior Court, Published on Microfilm by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1966, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. Films 470,012 - 470,017.
    Book M, Page 407.
  10. Mary J. Thompson--editor (based on records of Sandra Jeffries and Barbara Lockard), "The Culpepper Family", Harris County, Georgia and Her People, Vol. 2, No. 1, Winter 1986.
    Page 4.
  11. James Monroe Culpepper Family, James Monroe Culpepper Family Bible, Jr. (#6979) George William Culpepper, owner, Harris Co., GA.
    http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/ga/misc/harris-bible-jamesmonroe.htm
    Births: James Monroe Culpepper, 28 Jun 1823.
  12. Abstracted by Lewis W. Griffin, Jones Co., GA Deed Records and Mortgages, 1807-1827, Salt Lake City, UT: Jones County Superior Court, Published on Microfilm by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1966, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. Films 470,012 - 470,017.
    Book N, Page 261.
  13. 1830 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 464, Unk Twp, Jones Co., GA
    Joel Culpepper, 1 M0-5, 1M5-10, 1 M30-40, 1 F20-30, 1 F50-60.
  14. 1840 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 245, Hueys District 4, Harris Co., GA
    J. Culpepper, 1 M10-15, 1 M15-20, 1 M40-50, 1 F15-20, 1 F30-40.
  15. 1850 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 84, Goodman District, Harris Co., GA
    Joel Culpepper, 54, M, Farmer, $5,000, GA
    Rebecca Culpepper, 45, M, GA.
  16. 1860 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 655, Family 1048, Goodmans Crossroads PO, Harris Co., GA
    Joel Culpepper, 61, M, Farmer, $6,300/$27,000, GA
    Rebecca Culpepper, 55, F, GA.
  17. 1860 Federal Census, United States.
    Slave Schedule, Harris Co., GA
    Joel Culpepper, 36 slaves: 80M, 78F, 76M, 45M, 45F, 45F, 40M, 35F, 30M, 25M, 20F Mulatto, 20F, 20F, 20M, 20M, 18M, 18M, 18F, 18F, 18F, 16F, 12F Mulatto, 12F, 12M, 12M Mulatto, 12M Mulatto, 8M, 8M, 8M, 7M, 6F, 5M, 4F, 3M, 2M, 1F.
  18. 1870 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 189B, Family 2016, Hamilton PO, Harris Co., GA
    Joel Culpepper, 74, M, Farmer, $2,650/$450, GA
    Rebecca Culpepper, 67, F, GA.
  19. USGenWeb Archives.
    http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/copyright.htm
    Bethany Baptist Church Cemetery, Pine Mountain, Harris Co., GA. Joel Culpepper (No dates listed) gave 7 1/2 acres of land for Bethany Church in 1847. Deed recorded in 1874.
  20. E-mail written Jun 2009 to Lew Griffin from Sharon Fowler, e-mail address.