Capt. James Furman Culpeper M.D.

Male, #3966, (9 Jul 1834 - 24 Jun 1917)
Father*Rev. John Alexander Culpeper (9 Dec 1800 - 26 Mar 1873)
Mother*Catherine Pinkney (8 Dec 1807 - 11 Dec 1883)
Birth*9 Jul 1834 James was born at Anson Co., North Carolina, on 9 Jul 1834.1,2 
1840 Census1 Jun 1840 James and William was probably a free white male, age 5 and under 10,in Rev. John Alexander Culpeper's household, on the 1840 Census on 1 Jun 1840 at Darlington District, South Carolina.
(Unaccounted for is 1 Female 30-40.)3 
1850 Census1 Jun 1850 Catherine, William, Rosannah, James, John, Thomas, Robert, Joseph, Andrew and Charles listed as a household member living with Rev. John Alexander Culpeper on the 1850 Census on 1 Jun 1850 at Darlington District, South Carolina.1 
Deed*7 Dec 1853 He was granted a deed on 7 Dec 1853 at Darlington District, South Carolina,

Noel Eandy to James Culpepper for $250 a tract conveyed by Caleb Coker to John Flowers Jr., 125 acres adjacent to Griffis, Thompson, Burnie Davis. Witnesses: P. E. Campbell, D. E. Coker.4 
1860 Census1 Jun 1860 Rosannah, E., James and Andrew listed as a household member living with John D. Johnson in the 1860 Census at Marion District, South Carolina.5 
Civil War*between 1863 and 1865 Captain James F. Culpepper and Culpepper's Battery
     The unit known as "Culpepper’s Battery" was named for its commander, Captain James F. Culpepper, who was from Darlington, SC. Culpepper’s Battery was designated as "light artillery" and the unit was placed in various positions in defense of Charleston and the vicinity.
     Confederate forces at Vicksburg, MS were facing a superior force under the command of federal General Ulysses S. Grant. Culpepper’s Battery and additional troops from South Carolina were selected to aid General Pemberton at Vicksburg. They departed Charleston on May 17, 1863 and traveled by railroad some 700 miles to Jackson, MS, arriving May 24th. On July 5, 1863, Culpepper’s Battery reached the Big Black River located 25 miles north of Jackson. There they learned that Vicksburg had surrendered to General U.S. Grant the day before on July 4th. With a large federal force approaching the Confederate troops, Culpepper’s Battery returned to Jackson and set up defenses for the city. After eight days of constant bombardment by General William T. Sherman’s federal artillery, the Confederate army, including Culpepper’s Battery, retreated to Brandon, MS.
     As if the South wasn’t having enough problems with the enemy in the Mississippi, General Braxton Bragg’s Confederate Army of Tennessee had also been chased out of Chattanooga to Lafayette, Georgia by Union General William S. Rosecrans. Culpepper’s Battery having been attached to General Evander McNairs’ Brigade, was sent to support General Bragg at Ringgold, Georgia. Arriving in Ringgold on September 17th, McNair was placed in General Bushrod Johnson’s Division and prepared to engage the enemy on the 18th, 19th and 20th for the confederacy’s greatest victory at the Battle of Chickamauga. At 11:00 a.m. on Sunday, September 20, 1863, Culpepper’s Battery and McNair’s Brigade under the command of General James S. Longstreet, initiated a massive assault that severed the center of the federal Army and forced General Rosecrans’ troops to retreat toward Chattanooga.
     Culpepper’s Battery left the Chickamauga Battlefield on September 23rd and reluctantly returned to Mississippi to confront General William T. Sherman’s army, which was at that time in route from Vicksburg to Jackson and Meridian, MS. While General Sherman’s troops were destroying the town of Meridian, Culpepper’s Battery was reassigned to Mobile, AL. After arriving in Mobile, Culpepper’s Battery patrolled with cavalry units confronting Union troops throughout 1864 and into early 1865.
     In the final days of the war, Culpepper’s Battery was stationed at Fort Blakeley, AL., located in the upper eastern corner of Mobile Bay along the Blakeley and Tensaw Rivers. On April 9, 1865 at 5:30 p.m., 4,000 Confederate troops at Fort Blakeley surrendered to a Union force of 16,000 men. Three hours earlier Lee had surrendered to General Grant at Appomattox. Although the soldiers of Culpepper’s had surrendered, the Union army continued to fire upon them, consequently killing a few men in the Battery. Among those killed was their commander Lt. Joshua L. Moses of Sumter, SC. Lying mortally wounded, his last words were "For God’s sake, save my men they have surrendered". Confederate prisoners from Blakeley were loaded on cattle boats and taken from Mobile Bay to Ship Island, MS. in the Gulf of Mexico. After a few weeks, the imprisoned soldiers of Culpepper’s Battery were taken by cattle boat to New Orleans and from there up the Mississippi River to Vicksburg.
     On May 9, 1865, the troops were paroled from the war at Camp Townsend near Vicksburg and began their long arduous journey home to South Carolina. They traveled mostly by foot. Upon their arrival, they witnessed the destruction of their state and hometowns. The families in Darlington had suffered tremendously and had lost nearly everything. Many decades would pass before the area would recover.6,7,8
Captain James Furman Culpepper
Marriage*say 1869 He married Mary (?) at Darlington Co., South Carolina, say 1869. 
1870 Census*1 Jun 1870 James was listed as the head of a family on the 1870 Census at Timmonsville, Darlington Co., South Carolina.9 
Birth of Son19 Mar 1871 His son John Charles Culpeper was born on 19 Mar 1871 at Timmonsville, Darlington Co., South Carolina.10,2 
Birth of SonFeb 1873 His son Albert Sidney Culpeper was born in Feb 1873 at Timmonsville, Darlington Co., South Carolina
Death of Father26 Mar 1873 His father Rev. John Alexander Culpeper died on 26 Mar 1873 at Timmonsville, Darlington Co., South Carolina.11 
Marriage*say 1874 He married Roxie Rollins McNinch at Darlington Co., South Carolina, say 1874. 
Photographed*say 1878 He was photographed say 1878.12
James Furman Culpepper -- 1870's
1880 Census*1 Jun 1880 James was listed as the head of a family on the 1880 Census at Timmonsville, Darlington Co., South Carolina.10 
Death of Mother11 Dec 1883 His mother Catherine Pinkney died on 11 Dec 1883 at Society Hill, Darlington Co., South Carolina.11 
Death of Spouse10 Nov 1884 His wife Roxie Rollins McNinch died on 10 Nov 1884 at Timmonsville, Darlington Co., South Carolina.13,14 
Photographedsay 1885 He was photographed say 1885.12
James Furman Culpepper -- 1880's
Marriage*3 Nov 1885 He married Virginia Payne Fauntleroy at Essex Co., Virginia, on 3 Nov 1885 at age 51.15 
Relocation*1888 Timmonsville, which had been in Darlington County, became part of Florence County when it was formed in 1888. 
Death of Son27 Apr 1896 His son John Charles Culpeper died on 27 Apr 1896.2 
1900 Census*1 Jun 1900 James was listed as the head of a family on the 1900 Census at Timmonsville, Florence Co., South Carolina.16 
1910 Census*15 Apr 1910 James was listed as the head of a family on the 1910 Census at Timmonsville, Florence Co., South Carolina.17 
Death*24 Jun 1917 He died at Timmonsville, Florence Co., South Carolina, on 24 Jun 1917 at age 82.18 
Burial*say 26 Jun 1917 His body was interred say 26 Jun 1917 at Byrd Cemetery, Timmonsville, Darlington Co., South Carolina
Biography* Resolutions: Howe's Springs In Honor of Dr. Culpepper
By J.W. Brunson, Pee Dee Light Artillery

It is with feelings of deep solemnity and sadness that I, as your Vice President, today assume the seat made vacant by the death of your venerable and honored President, Dr. James Culpepper.
The passing of a comrade always intensifies the realization of the strength of that indesoluble tie which, born of common perils and sufferings, must always bind together those who wore the Grey. It carries us back, too, to the long ago, when we eagerly responded to our country's call, filled with high aim of patriotic endeavor and bright aspirations of victory and future glory won, we rallied around that dear banner, which now, though defeated and furled forever, still unconquered, proudly sleeps without a stain upon its sacred folds. As in the days of our fighting, so now we realize that a vacancy in our ranks can never be filled. The death of a comrade also reminds us that the sun of our lives hangs low in the western horizon and admonishes us that soon it must sink beneath the waves of "life's unresting sea."
Seventy-one years ago in the Antioch section of Darlington County James Culpepper was my schoolmate. As a boy he was impetuous but frank and generous, firm but forgiving, quick to resent an insult, but just as quick to acknowledge when he felt himself wrong. There was a parting of our ways. Going to different schools, we drifted apart, he graduating at the Citadel. Just after the first battle of Fort Sumter, I met him on Morris Island and my impression is that he went with us to Virginia in Gregg's First Regiment, S.C.V.. In the summer of "61" he organized a battery of light artillery and served with distinction in the western army for the most part. There his well-handled Napoleons won for himself and his brave command a high reputation for courage and efficiency. I was never with him on the firing line but am told that his courage rose with the tide of battle and at its climax his spirit swelled in that supreme exaltation of soul which cheers only the brave when the missiles come thickest. After the close of the war lie be a successful physician, a profession most congenial to his kind and sympathetic nature. He inherited many of the virtues which adorned the character of his noble father, the Rev. John Culpepper. He had the same fiery spirit, the same generous nature, the same love of truth, the same intolerance of anything which savored of deceit or hypocrisy, the same independence of character, the same unyielding faith in the Redeemer of the world. After a long and useful life, like the fully ripened fruit, lie fell. Death had no terrors for him. "Sustained and soothed by an unfaltering trust, he approached his grave like one who wraps the drapery of his couch about him and lies down to pleasant dreams." Some one has written, "The dead our teachers are"; then surely in the sturdy manhood, the sterling patriotism, the high ideals, the useful life, the Christian character of James Culpepper there is a lesson for the living.
The recent death of the honored and venerable President of this association reminds us that it is the duty as well as the privilege of the living to honor the memory of the worthy dead. The sense of duty is intensified when the relation is that of comrades in arms who have together faced the perils of battle and together suffered the hardships of soldiers' life.
Therefore be it resolved by the Veterans Association of Florence County here assembled,
(1) That the death of our comrade, James Culpepper, marks the passing of a brave Confederate soldier, a patriotic and useful citizen, and Christian gentleman, and adds another knightly name to the long and shining roll of South Carolina's departed chivalry.
(2) That by his fortitude and efficiency in the stormy days of his country's trials, he was an active contributor to the glory which must be forever granted to the Confederate arms, and that during his long life as a citizen, his loyalty to principle and high ideals of patriotic service have reflected honor upon his state and his people.
(3) That, while we, his comrades, feel that we should not mourn when one whose extended life has been so full of honorable years of service to his country and his people passes to his reward, yet our hearts are saddened as we realize that we shall see his face on earth no more.
(4) That our hearts go out in warmest j to the bereaved family.
(5) That these resolutions be inscribed upon the records of this association.

From: "Recollections and Reminiscensces, 1861-1865, Volume Six", pages 285-286. Cites document source as the Maxcy Gregg Chapter, U.D.C., Florence[, SC.
 
Note*26 Aug 2006 W. Stewart Carter wrote Warren Culpepper:
     "...Susan Govan Rice is my grandmother (on my father's side)...
     I unfortunately never knew much about my father's side of the family as very few of them were around when I was growing up. I know this sounds odd considering I was raised in Dr. Culpepper's family home at 103 Byrd Street in Timmonsville, SC, that his old doctor's office in our backyard was my playhouse, that there were numerous boxes of his old letters and files in our attic for most of my life, that I cleaned the Culpepper / Carter cemetary lot/tombstones every six months growing up, etc. It angers me now that I never took the time to find out the history behind the man and his family.
     "What angers me more when I did decide to start researching following my father's death in 1994, I found that my mother had hired a cleaning crew to empty out the attic and every one of Dr. Culpepper's files/letters was gone.
     "I am curious about much of Dr. Culpepper's(I guess in a way my great grandfather's) life. I know he had three wives with Jennie (Aunt Jennie as I always heard her called) being his last. Does anyone know how his previous wives died? I know they are all in Culpepper / Carter plot in Timmonsville but just wondering what killed them. I also see that he had two sons with his first wife, Mary, and I read somewhere that they were still alive when Mary died. If so, does anyone know what happen to them? If I remember correctly, they are buried in the same family plot. I need to travel to Timmonsville and take pictures of all the tombstones in the plot to send to you. Also, have you heard anyone say what Dr. Culpepper died of? I realize it could have easily been old age as he was an old man in 1917. However, working in the healthcare field and with all this talk about Pandemic Flu, I am wondering if he was a victim of the last big Pandemic Flu that hit late 1917/1918.
     "My list of questions could go on forever as I am beginning to discover that Dr. Culpepper was am remarkable man and that the Culpepper family is truly noble. The only thing that saddens me is that all of Dr. Culpepper's namesakes, my father brother and my brother, died premature deaths.
     "On a final note, I just saw your note about Howard Carter (also listed a time or two as Howard Culpepper). Your note read: 'Research note*: Howard first appeared in the 1920 census as a nephew of Walter Stewart and Susie Govan Carter. In the 1930 census, he was in the same household, but his surname was shown as Culpepper and his relationship as a boarder. Nothing else is known about him. If you can identify this person, please contact Warren Culpepper.'
     "According to what my father told my mother, Howard Carter, came to live with Walter S. and Susan Rice Carter after his mother died. His father could not handle raising a child on his on. He lived with them through school and got married. to a woman named Louise and they had one child Howard, Jr. Howard, Sr. died soon after the birth of Howard, Jr. If I understand correctly, I think Howard, Jr. still lives in Columbia but I have not seen him since my wedding in 1989."19,20
James Furman Culpepper home

Family 1

Mary (?) (circa 1849 - between 1873 and 1874)
Marriage*say 1869 He married Mary (?) at Darlington Co., South Carolina, say 1869. 
Children

Family 2

Roxie Rollins McNinch (27 Aug 1849 - 10 Nov 1884)
Marriage*say 1874 He married Roxie Rollins McNinch at Darlington Co., South Carolina, say 1874. 
Children

Family 3

Virginia Payne Fauntleroy (16 Oct 1855 - 4 Feb 1923)
Marriage*3 Nov 1885 He married Virginia Payne Fauntleroy at Essex Co., Virginia, on 3 Nov 1885 at age 51.15 
Child
ChartsHenry Culpeper of Lower Norfolk: DNA Status Chart (Male only, 8 generations)
Sampson Culpepper of Wilkinson Co., GA: Descendant Chart
Last Edited21 Mar 2015

Citations

  1. 1850 Federal Census, United States.
    Pages 269A-B, Family 405, Second Division, Darlington District, SC
    Rev. J.  Culpepper, 49, M, Farmer, $1290, NC
    Catharine Culpepper, 42, F, NC
    Wm. A. Culpepper, 18, M, NC
    Rosannah Culpepper, 20, F, NC
    Jas. F. Culpepper, 16, M, NC
    Jno. H. Culpepper, 13, M, SC
    Thos. R. Culpepper, 13, M, SC
    Robt. D. Culpepper, 10, M, SC
    Jos. S. Culpepper, 8, M, SC
    Andr. F. Culpepper, 6, M, SC
    Chr. M. Culpepper, 5, M, SC
    Lucy Rupey, 47, M, SC.
  2. Tombstone.
  3. 1840 Federal Census, United States.
    Unknown Townships, Darlington District, SC
    John Culpepper, Jr., page 8, 3 M0-5, 2 M5-10, 1 M30-40, 1 F0-5, 1 F5-10, 2 F30-40, 1 Free Colored, 1 Slave
    Elizabeth Culpepper, page 9, 1 M10-15, 1 M20-30, 1 F15-20, 1 F20-30, 1 F50-60, 0 slaves
    Henry Culpepper, page 9, 2 M20-30, 1 M60-70, 1 F60-70
    James H. Culpepper, page 9, 1 M0-5, 1 M15-20, 1 M20-30, 1 F15-20, 0 slaves.
  4. Darlington Dist., SC, Deed Bk R, p. 157.
  5. 1860 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 34, Family 518, Mars Bluff PO, Marion District, SC
    John D. Johnson, 27, M, Merchant, $400/$4500, SC
    R. M. (Culpepper) Johnson, 30, F, SC
    E. Johnson, 6, F, SC
    F. Culpepper, 16, M, Clerk, SC
    J. F. Culpepper, 24, M, Physician, $--/$500, SC.
  6. The Hudsons in Culpeper’s Battery During America’s Civil War, by Alfred Bennie Hudson, Jr., 828 Macedonia Rd. Gaffney, SC 29341. e-mail address.
  7. LDS Film #881974:
    J. F. Culpepper, Company B, 1st SC Infantry, Sergeant
    James F. Culpepper, Company C, 3rd (Palmetto) Battalion of SC Light Artillery, Captain.
  8. E-mail written Sep 2007 to Lew Griffin from Michael Kirby, e-mail address.
    The picture in the book I was telling you about was a photograph taken of this orignal tin type and sent to the Confederate Museum in Columbia years ago. The author of the book Portraits of the Sun used the museums copy of the photo in the book. The picture was taken in a Drug store in Timmonsville SC.
  9. 1870 Federal Census, United States.
    Pages 614A, Family 61, Timmonsville, Darlington Co., SC
    J. F. Culpepper, 36, M, Physician, SC
    Mary Culpepper, 21, F, SC
    Eletha Robbins, 10, F, SC
    + 2 black servants: Prissy McFadden and Simon Simsburg.
  10. 1880 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 360C, Family 84, Timmonsville, Darlington Co., SC
    James F. Culpepper, Self, M, M, W, 45, Physician, NC/NC/NC (ID 3966)
    Roxie R. Culpepper, Wife, F, M, W, 30, Keeps House, SC/SC/SC
    Charles F. Culpepper, Son, M, S, W, 9, At School, SC/NC/SC
    A. Sidney Culpepper, Son, M, S, W, 7, N/A, SC/NC/SC.
  11. Old Darlington District Chapter, compiler, Darlington District Cemetery Survey, Vol. II, Hartsville, SC: SC Genealogical Society, 1994, Repository: Hartsville SC Genealogical Research Library.
    Lake Swamp Baptist Church Cemetery, Darlington Co., SC
    Mrs. C. P. Culpepper, wife of Rev. John Culpeper, 8 Dec 1807 - 11 Dec 1883
    Rev. John Culpeper, 9 Dec 1800 - 26 Mar 1873
    Charles M. Culpeper, died 9 May 1860, age 14 yrs, 11 mos & 17 days.
  12. E-mail written Sep 2007 to Lew Griffin from Michael Kirby, e-mail address.
  13. Brent Holcomb, compiler, The Working Christian, Death & Marriage Notices, 1866-1887SCMAR.
  14. Find a Grave (online database)
    http://www.findagrave.com
    Find A Grave Memorial# 26451268.
  15. Jordan R. Dodd et. al., compiler, Virginia Marriages 1740-1850, Online database at Ancestry.com, 1999.
    http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723
    Dr. J. F. Culpepper and Jennie Payne Fauntleroy married on 03 Nov 1885 in Old Rappahannoch and Essex Counties, Book 1, Page 84.
  16. 1900 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 187B, Family 166, Timmonsville Twp, Florence Co., SC
    James F. Culpepper, Head, M, Jul 1834, 65, md 14 yrs, NC/NC/NC, Physician
    Jennie Culpepper, Wife, F, Oct 1854, 45, md 14 yrs, ch 0/0, VA/VA/VA
    Susan G. Culpepper, Niece, F, Mar 1888, 12, S, VA/VA/VA.
  17. 1910 Federal Census, United States.
    ED 32, Sheet 9A, Lines 38-41, Timmonsville Twp, Florence Co., SC
    James F. Culpepper, Head, M, 75, md2-24yrs, NC/NC/NC, Own income
    Virginia F. Culpepper, Wife, F, 53, md1-24 yrs, ch 0/0, VA/VA/VA
    Susie G. Rice, Niece, F, 21, Sng, VA/VA/VA
    Ora Rogers, Boarder, F, 26, Sng, NC/SC/NC.
  18. From Directory of Deceased American Physicians, 1804 -- 1929: "Died 24 Jun 1917 in Timmonsville, SC, Type of practice: Allopath."
  19. E-mail written 1999-2006 to Culpepper Connections from Walter Stewart Carter III (s/o #51484), Columbia, SC, e-mail address (as of Nov 2008).
  20. E-mail written Feb 2012 to Warren L. Culpepper from Betty Dowling, e-mail address.
    Thanks to Betty Dowling, Timmonsville researcher, for the the photo of the James Furman Culpepper home.