Sampson Culpepper son of Joseph & Martha

Male, #3948, (circa 1737 - circa 1806)
Father*Joseph Culpepper of Edgecombe Co., NC (s 1696 - 1745)
Mother*Martha (?) (s 1700 - 24 Jan 1764)
DNA* Sampson has been proven by DNA and genealogical research to be a descendant of Joseph Culpepper of Edgecombe Co., NC, who is a son of Robert Culpepper of Lower Norfolk, the son of Henry Culpepper of Lower Norfolk, VA. 
Birth*circa 1737 Sampson was born at Bertie Co., North Carolina, circa 1737. 
Death of Father1745 His father Joseph Culpepper of Edgecombe Co., NC died in 1745 at Edgecombe Co., North Carolina
Land Grant/Patent21 Oct 1758 Land was granted to Sampson Culpepper son of Joseph & Martha on 21 Oct 1758 at Anson Co., North Carolina.1 
Death of Mother24 Jan 1764 His mother Martha (?) died on 24 Jan 1764 at Anson Co., North Carolina
Marriage*1764 He married Eleanor Gilbert at Anson Co., North Carolina, in 1764. 
Birth of Son10 Apr 1765 His son Rev. John Culpepper US Congressman was born on 10 Apr 1765 at Anson Co., North Carolina
Deed8 Oct 1765 He witnessed a deed grant on 8 Oct 1765 at Anson Co., North Carolina,

Book 3, Page 287: ZACHERY PHILLIPS of Anson, to WILLIAM PHILLIPS, JUNR. for £50... land on Goulds fork, granted to sd. ZACHR. 23 Nov 1764... ZACHR. PHILLIPS (SEAL), Wit: WILLIAM THOMPSON, SAMPSON CULPEPPER (X), JAMES UPTON. Recorded according to law. THOS FROHOCK., C.C.2 
Birth of Son8 Jan 1767 His son Rev. Charles Culpepper was born on 8 Jan 1767 at Anson Co., North Carolina
American Revolution*between 1775 and 1783 He provided service in the American Revolutionary War between 1775 and 1783
(DAR Listing: Sampson Culpepper, born 1740 in Virginia, died after 1820 (sic) in Georgia, married Eleanor Gilbert, Soldier, Virginia.3
Deed10 Jul 1776 He granted a deed on 10 Jul 1776 at Anson Co., North Carolina,

Book K, Page 485: Sampson Culpepper of Anson, to Patrick Boggan of the same place, for £60 Proclamation Money, 200 acres on the East Branch of Golds Fork of Brown Creek. Wit: John Coleman, James Ray, James Boggan. January Court 1778, proved by John Coleman and ordered to be registered; J. Auld, Clk. Co.2 
Note*1780 It is not clear whether Sampson Culpepper son of Joseph & Martha or Sampson Culpepper of Norfolk Co., VA is referenced below, so this text has been included in the records of each of two likely Sampsons.

Grant's Fort
     Located in Bourbon County, near Fayette County line and was build in 1779 by Col. John Grand and Capt. William Ellis, the military leader of the Traveling Church, for the use of twenty or thirty families who had come to Bryan Station. A group of sixty Indians from Byrd's war party attacked it in June, 1780, and burned the fort without taking prisoners. Forty men from Bryan's went to their relief and found two men named Stucker and a woman named Mitchell killed. James Ingels, Jr., was born here in November 1779. The fort was rebuilt in 1784 but the Grant family sold to Ingels and moved away. The site is about 1 1/2 miles from Antioch Christian Church near the border of Fayette County. Timothy Peyton was shot by Indians about one-half mile away. James Stark carried him to the fort where he soon died. His name is preserved in "Peyton's Run."
     In a letter written by John Grant, founder of Grant's Station, dated April 24, 1780, to Col. John Todd, delegate at Harrodsburg, he told of those persons who at that time were living in the fort. A list of the names: "John Tamplin, John Jackson, John VanCleave, George Stucker, Samson Culpeper, Stufel Stucker, Philip Drake, Christopher Harris, Wm. VanCleave, Manoah Singleton, Thos. Gilbart, Wm. Liley, Wm. Loving, Robert Harras, Jas. Rowland, Josiah Underwood, Frederick Hunter, Wm. Morrason, James Gray, Henry Millar, Stephen Murphy, Michael Stucker, Esmond Lilley, George Stucker (son), John VanCleave (sons), Samson Hough, Wm. Ellis."
     There were six more at the station that he could not "properly call effective," and about seven he daily expected.

Regarding the presence of Sampson Culpepper in Kentucky, Lew Griffin wrote:
     Surprisingly, there is evidence supporting the presence of BOTH of the early Sampson Culpeppers in Kentucky around this time.
     We definitely know that Sampson, son of Joseph of Edgecombe, spent some time in Kentucky during the Revolutionary period. This is mentioned in an early biography of his son, Congressman John "the Baptist" Culpepper.
     But I also have record of a petition signed by "Virginians" in Kentucky, with Sampson Culpepper being one of the folks who signed. So this might indicate that Sampson Culpepper, son of Robert Culpepper, Jr. also spent some time in Kentucky.
     Or perhaps the Sampson from NC / GA still considered himself a Virginian.
     The two early Sampsons were first cousins.
     So Sampson, son of Joseph (Edgecombe NC) definitely took a look at Kentucky, didn't like it, and ended up in Georgia. Whether his first cousin, Sampson son Robert Jr., was ever in Kentucky, is a bit more speculative. If he was there, he did not stay, either. He died in Norfolk County, VA in the 1790's.4,5 
Birth of Son27 May 1785 His son Sampson Culpepper son of Sampson & Eleanor was born on 27 May 1785 at Anson Co., North Carolina
Tax roll*between 1786 and 1797 Sampson registered to pay taxes. 
Birth of Son21 May 1788 His son Joseph Mallory Culpepper of Houston Co., GA was born on 21 May 1788 at Wilkes Co., Georgia
Deed*16 Aug 1788 He witnessed a deed grant on 16 Aug 1788

Book GG, p. 94. Elijah Cowen to Thomas Wilborn, both of Wilkes Co., for 10 pounds, 53 acres, Clarks Creek, part of a tract granted to Cowen. (signed) Elijah Cowen. Wit: Samson Culpepper, Holman Freeman, J.P. Regd. 14 Sept. 1790.6 
Jury*circa 1790 He served on a jury circa 1790 at Wilkes Co., Georgia,
     Grand Jury.7 
Land Grant/Patent*1791 Land was granted to Sampson Culpepper son of Joseph & Martha in 1791 at Washington Co., Georgia,

200 acres.8 
Indian Wars*1794 He served in one of the Creek and Seminole Indian Wars in Wilkinson Co., Georgia, in 1794
(From Sarah Murphy:

Davidson's History of Wilkinson County Part 2, Chapter 9 http://files.usgwarchives.net/ga/wilkinson/history/book/wilk2.txt

There is a second Muster Roll for 1794 but only Sampson Culpepper was listed.
This was from: Clark, Murtie June. American Militia in the Frontier Wars, 1790-1796. Baltimore, MD. It is posted on Ancestry but also Google Books.)9 
Land Lottery*1805 Sampson participated in but did not win the land lottery in 1805 at Washington Co., Georgia.10 
Death*circa 1806 He died at Wilkinson Co., Georgia, circa 1806
Sampson is assumed to have died between 1805 and 1807 as his widow was able to enter the 1807 lottery. 
Biography* Sampson Culpepper was the son of Joseph Culpepper, and the grandson of Robert Culpepper of Norfolk Co, VA. He was probably born in Bertie County, NC about 1737. The area became Edgecombe County in 1741. Sampson was about eight years old when his father Joseph died unexpectedly in 1745. His mother, Martha Culpepper, was appointed his guardian, since he was under age 14. We know from his mother's will that he was the youngest son.

Sampson moved to Anson Co. NC with the rest of his family around 1753 or 1754. The Culpeppers appeared in deed records in Anson as early as July 1754. In Oct 1758, Sampson was granted 200 acres in Anson Co. on the S.W. side of Pee Dee River, joining the E. side of Gould's Fork of Brown Creek and both sides of the great fork of said Fork (NC Patent Book 16, p.260). Sampson was about aged 21 at the time, a young bachelor.

Sampson appears in a 1763 Tax List of Anson County, as do his brothers Joseph and John, and his cousins William and Robert. About 1764, Sampson married Eleanor Gilbert. The eldest child was born in 1765. In Mar 1767, Sampson Culpepper bought 62 acres from George Augustus Selwyn. The land was on Long Creek and the waters of Rocky River, and included Sampson's "own improvements," indicating he already lived there (Anson Deed Bk H1-129). In July 1776, Sampson sold the 200 acres he had acquired in 1758 to Patrick Boggan (Anson Deed Bk K, p.485).

Sampson Culpepper was probably a Patriot during the Revolutionary War, as indicated by one or more of the following Revolutionary War Pay Vouchers, for services rendered:

No. 847 - State of North Carolina, Auditors Office for the lower board of Salisbury District, 6th Sept 17_. This may certify that Sampson Culpepper exhibited his claim and was allowed Twenty-two Pounds, Five shillings and no Pence. /s/ John Ault, Stephen Miller.

No. 483 - State of North Carolina, Auditors Office for the Counties of Anson, Montgomery & Richmond. September 3rd 1782. This may certify that Sampson Culpepper exhibited his claim & was allowed Twenty-three Pounds Two Shillings no Pence. /s/ Stephen Mills, Thos. Chiles. Received the 23 d of April 1787 of John Richardson the above paid in full. /s/ Wm. (W) Culpepper. His mark.

No. 793. State of North Carolina, Auditors Office for the lower board of Salisbury District, 6th September 1782. This may certify that Sampson Culpepper exhibited his claim and was allowed Eight Shillings no Pence. /s/ John Auld, Thos Chiles.

This writer has photocopies of the above three pay vouchers, but not the exact references to their location in the NC Archives.

The following two vouchers are found in the book by Weynette Parks Haun, "North Carolina Revolutionary Army Accounts, Secretary of State, Treasurer's & Comptroller's Papers, Vol. V, Vol. VI, Part IV."

No. 953. S. Culpepper, found in Vol. V, book 178, which is "An accot. of Cloathing Currency and Specie Certificates sent to the Commissioners at New York by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of North Carolina, May 1790. Note that vouchers of this description were for uniforms for soldiers in the Continental Line, the costs of which were reimbursed by the Federal Government in New York. So this is proof that a Sampson Culpepper served in the Continental line.

No. 1456. S. Culpepper, found in Vol. VI, book 24. This writer does not know the nature or purpose of this pay voucher.
.Note that one or more of these five vouchers may apply to another Sampson Culpepper, who was the son of this Sampson's brother John, and who was also in this area at this time. It is not clear, however, that this younger Sampson was old enough to have served. The signatures on all the vouchers need to be examined.

After the Revolutionary War, Sampson moved to Wilkes Co., GA., joining his brother Joseph who was already there. Sampson was there prior to Aug 1788, when he witnessed a deed of Elijah Clark (Wilkes Co. Deed Bk GG, p.94). He was listed as a Grand Juror in Wilkes Co. about 1789.

In Jul 1791, Sampson, now about 54 years old, was granted 200 acres in Washington Co. bounded on the northeast by John Culpepper (Register of Grants Bk. UUU, p. 596). Washington Co. was formed in 1784 from the Creek cession of November 1783.

Sampson and other Culpeppers were in Washington Co. at the time of the drawing for the 1805 Land Lottery. Sampson had two draws, both blank. In 1807 Laurens Co. was formed from Washington, and Sampson's land probably fell in Laurens County.

Sampson's wife, Eleanor entered the 1807 lottery, and she could not have done that unless she was a widow. Therefore, Sampson must have died after the 1805 but before the 1807 lottery.5 

Family

Eleanor Gilbert (25 Apr 1745 - 19 Jul 1823)
Marriage*1764 He married Eleanor Gilbert at Anson Co., North Carolina, in 1764. 
Children
ChartsHenry Culpeper of Lower Norfolk: DNA Status Chart (Male only, 8 generations)
Sampson Culpepper of Wilkinson Co., GA: Descendant Chart
Last Edited30 Apr 2012

Citations

  1. 21 Oct 1758 -- Patent Book 16, page 260. Samson Culpepper.
  2. Brent H. Holcomb, compiler, Anson County, North Carolina Deed Abstracts, 1749-1766, Abstracts of Wills & Estates, 1749-1795, Online database at Ancestry.com, 1980.
    http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=BookList&dbid=49032
  3. DAR Patriot Index, Washington, DC: National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, 2003.
  4. Rootsweb Mailing List, Ancestry.com.
    http://lists.rootsweb.com/
    ROBINSON List
    Subject: [ROBINSON] George Robinson in KY (Kentucky Archives continued).
  5. Lewis W. Griffin Jr. (#47), e-mail address.
  6. Michael Martin Farmer, Wilkes Co., GA Deed Books A - VV, 1784 - 1806, Farmer Genealogy, Dallas.
  7. Wilkes Co. Papers, p. 185.
  8. References: L-303.
  9. E-mail written 1977 - 2011 to Lew Griffin & Warren Culpepper from Sara Hodnett Murphy [ID:20147], e-mail address.
  10. Virginia S. and Ralph V. Wood, 1805 Georgia Land Lottery, Greenwood Press, Cambridge, 1964, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. 975.8 R2WY 1805.
    page 81.