Elias Daniel Culpepper

Male, #32452, (31 Jan 1832 - 8 May 1914)
Father*Rev. William Henry Culpepper (17 Oct 1813 - 22 Mar 1909)
Mother*Sarah Leslie (15 Feb 1808 - 22 Jan 1849)
DNA* To help confirm Elias Daniel Culpepper's descent from Henry Culpepper of Lower Norfolk, we are seeking a male Culpepper descendant of Elias's to participate in our free DNA testing project. For more information, go to: http://gen.culpepper.com/dna
Birth*31 Jan 1832 Elias was born at Upson Co., Georgia, on 31 Jan 1832. 
1840 Census1 Jun 1840 Francis and Elias was probably a free white male, age 5 and under 10,in Rev. William Henry Culpepper's household, on the 1840 Census on 1 Jun 1840 at Meriwether Co., Georgia.1 
Death of Mother22 Jan 1849 His mother Sarah Leslie died on 22 Jan 1849 at Randolph Co., Alabama
Marriage*2 Nov 1854 He married Nancy Clegg at Jefferson Co., Arkansas, on 2 Nov 1854 at age 22.2 
Birth of Son3 Aug 1855 His son John William Clegg Culpepper was born on 3 Aug 1855 at Jefferson Co., Arkansas.3 
Birth of Son16 Feb 1858 His son James Henry Fitz Culpepper was born on 16 Feb 1858 at Jefferson Co., Arkansas.4 
Birth of Son18 Sep 1859 His son Joseph Andrew Baxter Culpepper was born on 18 Sep 1859 at Jefferson Co., Arkansas.5 
Employment* Elias's occupation: farmer at Arkansas
1860 Census*1860 Elias was listed as the head of a family on the 1860 Census at Darysaw, Jefferson Co., Arkansas
Civil War*between 1862 and 1863 He served in the War Between the States between 1862 and 1863

     Enlisted on March 10, 1862 in Pine Bluff, AR as a private in Company H, Govans Arkansas Troops, 2nd Regiment of the Arkansas Infantry. A month later, he fought at the Battle of Shiloh where he was wounded by minie ball in his left shoulder. His arm was paralyzed, and he became terribly ill. Furloughed home, he had to walk back, taking him six months to do so. In March of 1863, he was discharged from the service. 
Birth of Son1 Oct 1862 His son Francis Louis Elias Culpepper was born on 1 Oct 1862 at Jefferson Co., Arkansas.3 
Birth of Son20 Jul 1867 His son Isaac Thomas Jefferson Culpepper was born on 20 Jul 1867 at Jefferson Co., Arkansas.6 
Birth of Son8 Mar 1869 His son Malcolm Leslie Luther Culpepper was born on 8 Mar 1869 at Grant Co., Arkansas.4 
1870 Census*1870 Elias was listed as the head of a family on the 1870 Census at Derasaw Township, Grant Co., Arkansas
Birth of Son18 Aug 1870 His son George Benjamin Bascom Culpepper was born on 18 Aug 1870 at Grant Co., Arkansas
1880 Census*1880 Elias was listed as the head of a family on the 1880 Census at Grant Co., Arkansas. 48 m-ED100-27. 
Photographed*circa Mar 1887 He was photographed circa Mar 1887
Picture is thought to have been taken around March or April 1887. Names and family data were provided directly by Helen Elizabeth Hall Clifton (daughter of Julia Virginia Rebecca Culpepper) to her niece Helen Clarece Jarrell Cory (daughter of Nancy Alice Hall Jarrell) with corrections to the names of the three infants by Ken Cory.

Contributed to Culpepper Connections by Ken Cory, son of Helen Clarece Jarrell Cory.

Back Row, L to R: Joseph Andrew Baxter, Francis Louis Elias, Mr. Robinson: husband of Martha Emily Catherine, Malcolm Leslie Luther, John William Clegg, Elias Daniel's wife Nancy, and James Henry Fitz.

Seated, L to R: unrelated boy, in front of the boy: Isaac Thomas Jefferson, next to the boy: Martha Emily Catherine Robinson, seated on her lap: her daughter Lillie Belle Robinson, beside Lillie Belle: Baxter's wife Johnnie, beside her: Emily's daugher Nancy Culpepper Williams, in front of Nancy: George Benjamin Bascom, beside Nancy: Elias Daniel who is holding her, beside Elias: Julia Virginia Rebecca, beside her Sarah Elizabeth Ann Williams, holding Janet Elizabeth Williams.7

Death of Son10 Oct 1892 His son James Henry Fitz Culpepper died on 10 Oct 1892 at Pine Bluff, Jefferson Co., Arkansas.8 
Death of Son19 Oct 1893 His son Isaac Thomas Jefferson Culpepper died on 19 Oct 1893 at Pine Bluff, Jefferson Co., Arkansas.6,9 
Death of Spouse2 Nov 1904 His wife Nancy Clegg died on 2 Nov 1904 at Pine Bluff, Jefferson Co., Arkansas.10 
Death of Father22 Mar 1909 His father Rev. William Henry Culpepper died on 22 Mar 1909 at Wadley, Randolph Co., Alabama
1910 Census*1910 Elias was listed as a father in Malcolm Leslie Luther Culpepper's household on the 1910 Census at Jefferson Co., Arkansas. 41 m-ED 32 110 314. 
Death*8 May 1914 He died at Pine Bluff, Jefferson Co., Arkansas, on 8 May 1914 at age 82.10 
Burial*circa 10 May 1914 His body was interred circa 10 May 1914 at Pine Bluff, Jefferson Co., Arkansas, at Bellwood Cemetery. 
Biography* Elias Daniel Culpepper was the oldest son of William Henry and Sarah (Leslie) Culpepper. Since his parents were married in Upson Co., GA and later children are known to have been born in Upson Co., GA, this is where Elias Daniel is believed to have been born. His parents probably moved the family to Meriwether Co., GA when Elias Daniel was about four years old. There he was noted in the 1840 census as one of two males 5-10 years of age in his father's household.

Elias Daniel Culpepper was about seventeen years old when his father again moved the family, this time to Alabama. But once there, Elias Daniel apparently decided that it was time to strike out on his own and joined a wagon train headed to Arkansas. The family of his future wife was apparently in the same wagon train 11 and, in 1854, he married Nancy Clegg in Jefferson Co., AR.

They settled down to farm and raise their family near Pine Bluff, AR and, in 1860, they were noted with four children in the Darysaw P. O. Distirct of Jefferson Co., AR. On current maps, Darysaw appears to be to the west of Pine Bluff near the border between Jefferson County and Grant County but on the Grant County side of the line. It is also to the southeast of Junet, Grant Co., AR where the Clegg's lived. The family was apparently living in an area which was taken into Grant Co., AR which was organized in 1869.12

Elias Daniel Culpepper was 29 years old when the Civil War began. Capos Conley "Chip" Culpepper, II, a great-great-grandson of William Henry and Sarah (Leslie) Culpepper obtained copies of Elias Daniel's war records from the National Archives. They show that "E. D. Culpepper" enlisted in the Confederate Army on March 10, 1862 in Pine Bluff, AR. He served as a private in Company H Govans Arkansas Troops, 2nd Regiment of the Arkansas Infantry. Less than a month after enlisting, Elias Daniel Culpepper was fighting with the Confederate forces at the Battle of Shiloh. Shiloh is near the Tennessee River northwest of Nashville, TN. On 6 Apr 1862, Confederate forces under Gen. Albert Sydney Johnston attacked the Union forces under Ulysses S. Grant.13 Gen. Johnston was mortally wounded the first day of the battle. The battle continued a second day and, after waiting for reinforcements from Gen. Earl Van Dorn which never came, Gen. Beauregard, who had ordered the firing on Fort Sumter in 1861 which began the Civil War, pulled the troops back to Corinth, MS. The Confederates had suffered 10,694 casualties and Gen. Grant 13,047.14

Elias Daniel Culpepper was one of the wounded and he was furloughed home. Mrs. J. F. (Corinne Williams) Hilton wrote of her grandfather:

He was shot the first day, April 6, 1862, got a minie ball in his left shoulder - then had to walk home. Took him about 6 months, his arm was paralyzed, he was terribly ill.

In March of 1863, Elias Daniel Culpepper was discharged from the service. After the war, in the 1870 census, Elias Daniel Culpepper was noted with his wife and children living in "Derasaw," Grant Co., AR, presumably Darysaw, and this appears to be where they remained. Unfortunately, Elias Daniel and Nancy (Clegg) Culpepper have not been located in the 1900 Arkansas census index. They would have been 68 years old.

In 1904, Elias Daniel Culpepper lost his wife of 50 years. A 78 year old Elias Daniel Culpepper is next noted the 1910 census of Jefferson Co., AR living in the household of his son, Malcolm Leslie Luther Culpepper. Elias Daniel apparently traveled a little after this. Mrs. J. M. (Iva Culpepper) Cline noted him in a letter 15 about her father, Thomas Jefferson Culpepper, a son of Rev. Lewis Peek Culpepper:

Back in about 1913 when we first came to Amarillo, one of Dad's cousins came through here and spent the night with us. Dad called him cousin Elias. He and Dad stayed up late and talked about old times and laughed until tears came in their eyes. I remember I stayed up and listened to them. He was jolly and laughed most of the time. He seemed older than Dad, and [said] that his wife had passed away recently. I think of him often.

Elias Daniel Culpepper died in 1914, at the age of 82. 

Family

Nancy Clegg (30 Jul 1832 - 2 Nov 1904)
Marriage*2 Nov 1854 He married Nancy Clegg at Jefferson Co., Arkansas, on 2 Nov 1854 at age 22.2 
Children
ChartsHenry Culpeper of Lower Norfolk: DNA Status Chart (Male only, 8 generations)
John Culpepper of Randolph Co, AL: Descendant Chart
Last Edited2 Apr 2010

Citations

  1. 1840 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 123, Unk Twp, Meriwether Co., GA
    William H. Culpepper, 2 M0-5, 2 M5-10, 1 M20-30, 1 F0-5, 1 F5-10, 1 F30-40.
  2. Book A, p. 188.
  3. William Harold Broughton, The Cleggs of Old Chatham: the ancestry, family, descendants of Thomas A. Clegg and Bridget Polk, their kin, and events of history, Clegg Family Association, 1977.
    p 228; POB Mrs. Tom Logan Family Group Sheet.
  4. William Harold Broughton, The Cleggs of Old Chatham: the ancestry, family, descendants of Thomas A. Clegg and Bridget Polk, their kin, and events of history, Clegg Family Association, 1977.
    p. 229.
  5. William Harold Broughton, The Cleggs of Old Chatham: the ancestry, family, descendants of Thomas A. Clegg and Bridget Polk, their kin, and events of history, Clegg Family Association, 1977.
    p 229 but Apr 1858 in 1900 census.
  6. William Harold Broughton, The Cleggs of Old Chatham: the ancestry, family, descendants of Thomas A. Clegg and Bridget Polk, their kin, and events of history, Clegg Family Association, 1977.
    p 229.
  7. E-mail written 2002-2004 to Lew Griffin from Dr. Kenneth D. Cory, San Jose, CA, e-mail address.
  8. Ms. Arlene LaGrone, compiler, Masonic Deaths in Arkansas 1838 - 1916, PO Box 908, Hot Springs, AR 71902-0908: LaGrone, 1999.
    p. 39.
  9. Arkansas Biographical Card File Index, 1819-1950, LDS Film 1926895.
    Obit: Arkansas Methodist, 21 Dec 1893.
  10. William Harold Broughton, The Cleggs of Old Chatham: the ancestry, family, descendants of Thomas A. Clegg and Bridget Polk, their kin, and events of history, Clegg Family Association, 1977.
    p 228.
  11. Mrs. J. F. (Corinne Williams) Hilton, "Elias Daniel Culpepper" typed sheet
  12. Rhonda S. Norris, A Genealogist's Guide to Arkansas Research Russellville, AR: Arkansas Genealogical Research, 1994
  13. Sol Holt, The Dictionary of American History (New York: MacFadden-Bartell Corp., 1964, c1963) p. 324
  14. James Trager, The People's Chronology: A Year-by-Year Record of Human Events from Prehistory to the Present (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1992) p. 487
  15. 27 Sep 1978