Francis Gillespie Culpepper

Male, #32062, (31 Jan 1804 - 21 Oct 1903)
Father*John Culpepper of Randolph Co., AL (1 Oct 1772 - 13 May 1855)
Mother*Nancy Gillespie (c 1778 - 25 Jul 1848)
DNA* Francis has been proven by DNA and genealogical research to be a descendant of Joseph Culpepper of Edgecombe Co., NC, who is a son of Robert Culpepper of Lower Norfolk, the son of Henry Culpepper of Lower Norfolk, VA. 
Name Variation He was also known as Frank. 
Birth*31 Jan 1804 Francis was born at Edgefield District, South Carolina, on 31 Jan 1804. 
1810 Census6 Aug 1810 Daniel, Francis, James and George was probably a free white male, age under 10, in John Culpepper of Randolph Co., AL's household on the 1810 Census at Richland District, South Carolina. Unaccounted for are 1 male 0-10 and 1 female 16-26..1,2 
Marriage*circa 1822 He married Martha Bales at Edgefield District, South Carolina, circa 1822. 
Death of Spouse23 Nov 1823 His wife Martha Bales died on 23 Nov 1823 at Edgefield District, South Carolina
Marriage*13 Jan 1825 He married Eglintine Langley on 13 Jan 1825 at age 20. 
Birth of Son5 Dec 1825 His son Daniel F. Culpepper was born on 5 Dec 1825 at Louina, Randolph Co., Alabama
Birth of Son9 Aug 1827 His son John Thomas Jefferson Culpepper was born on 9 Aug 1827 at Louina, Randolph Co., Alabama
Birth of Son11 Mar 1829 His son William R. Culpepper was born on 11 Mar 1829 at Talbot Co., Georgia
1830 Census*1 Jun 1830 Francis was listed as the head of a family on the 1830 Census at Talbot Co., Georgia. The enumerator recorded 3 Females 0-5 and no Male children. We believe this was an error and should have been recorded as 3 Males 0-5..3 
Birth of Son28 Jul 1830 His son Joel W. Culpepper was born on 28 Jul 1830 at Talbot Co., Georgia
Birth of Son28 Jul 1833 His son James Louis Culpepper was born on 28 Jul 1833 at Louina, Randolph Co., Alabama.4 
Birth of Son17 Oct 1834 His son Shadrach Dixon Culpepper was born on 17 Oct 1834 at Chambers Co., Alabama
Indian Wars*1836 He served in one of the Creek and Seminole Indian Wars in 1836
(Francis Gillespie Culpepper served as a private in the company commanded by Captain Slaughter in the regiment of Cavalry commanded by Col. R.T. Webb in the Creek Indian war of 1836. He enlisted at Lafayette Courthouse, AL on or about 17 May 1836, and was honorably discharged at Fort Henderson, AL on 18 Nov 1836. (From pension application.)) 
Birth of SonJan 1836 His son Benjamin Francis Culpepper was born in Jan 1836 at Chambers Co., Alabama
1840 Census*1 Jun 1840 Francis was listed as the head of a family on the 1840 Census on 1 Jun 1840 at Chambers Co., Alabama.5 
Death of Mother25 Jul 1848 His mother Nancy Gillespie died on 25 Jul 1848 at Meriwether Co., Georgia
Death of SonAug 1848 His son Joel W. Culpepper died in Aug 1848. 
Photographed*say 1850 He was photographed say 1850
Family tradition is that Francis G. did not want his picture taken. The family story is that this one picture of him was taken with the aid of a mirror. (smile.)6
Francis G. Culpepper
1850 Census*1 Jun 1850 Francis was listed as the head of a family on the 1850 Census on 1 Jun 1850 at Lafayette Co., Mississippi.7 
1850 Slave Census*1 Jun 1850 Francis was listed as a slave owner on the 1850 Census at Lafayette Co., Mississippi, and owned 2 Black females, ages 30 and 6, and 1 Mulatto female, age 2.8 
Death of Son24 Dec 1854 His son Benjamin Francis Culpepper died on 24 Dec 1854 at Lavaca Co., Texas
Death of Father13 May 1855 His father John Culpepper of Randolph Co., AL died on 13 May 1855 at Randolph Co., Alabama
1860 Census*1 Jun 1860 Francis was listed as the head of a family on the 1860 Census at Lavaca Co., Texas.9 
1870 Census*1 Jun 1870 Francis was listed as the head of a family on the 1870 Census at Lavaca Co., Texas.10 
Death of Spouse3 Apr 1878 His wife Eglintine Langley died on 3 Apr 1878 at Lavaca Co., Texas
1880 Census*1 Jun 1880 Francis was listed as the head of a family on the 1880 Census at Lavaca Co., Texas.11 
Death of Son14 Jul 1898 His son Shadrach Dixon Culpepper died on 14 Jul 1898 at Texas
1900 Census1 Jun 1900 Francis was listed as a father-in-law in Benjamin Franklin Burke's household on the 1900 Census at Old Sweet Home, Lavaca Co., Texas.12 
Death of Son3 Dec 1900 His son Daniel F. Culpepper died on 3 Dec 1900 at Hondo, Medina Co., Texas
Death of Son1 Aug 1902 His son John Thomas Jefferson Culpepper died on 1 Aug 1902 at Lavaca Co., Texas
Death*21 Oct 1903 He died at Old Sweet Home, Lavaca Co., Texas, on 21 Oct 1903 at age 99.13 
Burial*circa 23 Oct 1903 His body was interred circa 23 Oct 1903 at Mount Olive Cemetery, Lavaca Co., Texas.14
Biography*  Mrs. J. W. (Ira Gay) Deam of Gay, GA preserved a copy of a John Culpepper Bible record of Francis Gillespie Culpepper's birth which was copied by Mrs. D. W. (Lavyn Wright) Sisco as follows: _________________________Francis Gillespie Culpepper _________________________b. January 31, 1804 _________________________On Friday 3 o'clock P. M. The record was originally copied after 1909 since William Henry Culpepper's death in 1909 was noted but before 1915 since Lewis Peek Culpepper was also listed as "Living in Chambers Co., Ala." A perpetual calendar shows that 31 Jan 1804 would have been a Tuesday. Possibly the "Friday" was picked up from the birth record of Sarah O. Culpepper which was just above that of Francis Gillespie Culpepper. A copy of the "BIBLE FAMILY RECORD OF FRANCIS G. & EGLINTINE CULPEPPER" appears to list the following: _________________________F G Culpepper was _________________________Born Jan 31 1804 In an article about Francis Gillespie Culpepper, the 2 Feb 1898 Shiner Gazette noted that he was born "January 31st 1806" but then went on to state that on 31 Jan 1898 (the year the article was written) Francis "was ninety-four years old." 1898-94=1804. Francis G. Culpepper's brother, Lewis Peek Culpepper, wrote in a 19 Mar 1898 letter to B. F. Burke with whom F. G. Culpepper was living that after reading the article he found it to be a "tolerable correct historical account with one Exception the paper says he was born 1806, the record says 1804...." "The record" is presumably a reference to a Bible record. To further complicate the issue, F. G. Culpepper was listed as having been born Jan 1803 in the 1900 census. This information was presumably supplied by B. F. or Georgia Burke with whom F. G. Culpepper was living.
      As for Francis Gillespie Culpepper's place of birth, the 2 Feb 1898 Shiner Gazette story noted that "He was born in Edgefield District South Carolina...." Francis G. Culpepper also swore that he was born in Edgefield District, SC in a 1902 Indian War survivor application. John Culpepper, the father of Francis G., was listed with his wife and young family in Lexington District, SC in the 1800 census. In 1807, John Culpepper was listed in Richland District, SC records as administrator of an estate. Richland District was across the Congaree River from Lexington District, SC. John Culpepper does not appear in Edgefield District land records until 1814 when received a state land grant. William Henry Culpepper, who was born in 1813, listed his place of birth as Edgefield District, SC in Civil War records, but although John appeared to have been in Edgefield District before receiving the land grant, it seems more likely that he was in Lexington District, SC or Richland District, SC at the time of Francis Gillespie Culpepper's birth. But Francis G. Culpepper would definitely have spent his childhood in Edgefield District, SC.
      Francis was recorded with his parents in the 1810 census of Richland District, SC. Unfortunately, Francis G. Culpepper's, father has not been found in the 1820 census but John Culpepper was presumably living in Edgefield District, SC since that is where he sold the land "where I now live" in 1823. This is also where Francis G. Culpepper presumably married his first wife Martha Bales who died there in Nov 1823. Shortly after this Francis G. moved on to Georgia presumably following his parents and siblings.
      By Jan 1825, Francis G. Culpepper was in Monroe Co., GA where he married his second wife Eglentine Langley and by 1830 he had moved his young family to Talbot Co., GA where "Francis G. Culpepper" was noted in the 1830 census. Unfortunately, according to a microfilm copy of the census, his three young sons were recorded as females 0-5 years of age. No record of Francis G. Culpepper has been found in the 1832 Gold or Cherokee Land Lottery records. The "Francis Culpepper" listed in the 1832 Cherokee Land Lottery of Georgia records was a widow and was not Francis G. Culpepper. According to an 1898 article in the u. Shiner Gazette r. Francis G. Culpepper moved his family to Alabama in 1834. The same article states that Francis G. Culpepper "participated in the Creek War in Alabama, his commanding officer being Captain Slaughter." Francis G. Culpepper's younger brother, James, also served in the Creek War according to the pension application of James' widow, Martha B. Culpepper. The following is Francis G. Culpepper's pension application (Indian Wars application #4660): INDIAN WAR PENSIONS.--Act of July 27, 1892. DECLARATION OF SURVIVOR FOR PENSION WHO SERVED BETWEEN 1832 AND 1842, INCLUSIVE. State of Texas, County of Lavaca, ss:
      ON THIS 30th day of Sept, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, personally appeared before me, a Notary Public within and for the County and State aforesaid, F. G. Culpepper, aged 89 years, 8 mos a resident of Lavaca County J [appears to be indicating that Lavaca should have been put in this place instead of before the word County], State of Texas, who, being by me duly sworn according to law, depose and says:
      That he is a citizen of the United States, and is the identical F. G. Culpepper who served under the name of F. G. Culpepper, as a private in the company commanded by Captain Slaughter, in the ______ regiment of Cavalry, commanded by Col R T Webb in the Creek Indian war of 18 36. That he enlisted at Lafayette Courthouse Ala, on or about the 17th day of May A. D. 1836, for the term of __________, and was honorably discharged at Fort Henderson Ala, on or about the 18th day of Nov, A. D. 18 36 That he is _____ married; that the maiden name of his wife was Eglantine Langley to whom he was married in Monro County, in the State of Georgia, on the 13th day of Jan, A. D. 1825; that his wife is now dead, having died on the 3rd day of April, A. D. 1878, at Sweet Home, in the State of Texas; and that he has not since remarried. That the name of his present wife is __________.
      That in support and proof of his right to pension he will hereafter submit such evidence as may be required under the rules and regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Interior __________ That he has not heretofore made application for pension or bounty-land, which said claim is No. _____ That he is not a pensioner of the United States __________, at the rate of _____ dollars per month. That since his discharge from said service he has resided as follows, to wit: in Ala until 1846, in Miss until 1852 in Texas to present time.
      That he makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the pension-roll of the United States under the provisions of the Act of July 27th, 1892. That he hereby appoints, with full power of substitution and revocation, W. W. Dudley & Co. successors to Wm. W. Dudley, Washington, D. C., his true and lawful attorney to prosecute his claim.
      His post-office address is Sweet Home Lavaca County Texas /s/_J._T._J._Culpepper__________/s/_F_G_Culpepper /s/_James_Dufner
      Also personally appeared J T J Culpepper, residing at Sweet Home Tex, and Jas Dufner, residing at Sweet Home Tex, persons whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who, being by me duly sworn, say that they were present and saw F. G. Culpepper, the claimant, sign his name (or make his mark) to the foregoing declaration; that they have every reason to believe, from the appearance of said claimant and their acquaintance with him for 66 years and 40 years, respectively, that he is the identical person he represents himself to be: and that they have no interest in the prosecution of this claim. ________________________________/s/_J_T_J_Culpepper ________________________________/s/_James_Dufner
      Sworn to and subscribed before me this 30th day of Sept, A. D. 189 3; and I hereby certify that the contents of the above declaration, &c., were fully made known and explained to the applicant and witnesses before swearing, including the words __________ erased, and the words __________ added; and that I have no interest, direct or indirect, in the prosecution of this claim. ________________________________/s/_F._G._Patton_N_P ____________________________________Lavaca County Texas
      The 1893 application was rejected because the Second Auditor's Office of Treasury Department found "no roll of the Co. [Captain Slaughter's] has been found." Perhaps the records were destroyed during the Civil War or perhaps records of a volunteer unit were not kept. In 1902 a second application was made: DECLARATION OF SURVIVOR OF INDIAN WAR. Acts of July 27, 1892, and June 27, 1902. State of Texas, County of Lavaca, ss:
      ON THIS 7th day of August A. D. 190 2 personally appeared before me, a Notary Public within and for the County and State aforesaid, Francis G. Culpepper aged 98 years, a resident of Sweet Home, County of Lavaca, State of Texas, who being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is the identical person who served under the name of Francis G. Culpepper in the company commanded by Captain Slaughter, in the Cavalry regiment of Alabama Vols, commanded by Col R T. Webb in the Creek Indian war of 18 36; that he enlisted at Fort Henderson Ala on or about the 15th day of May, 18 36, and was honorably discharged at Fort Henderson Ala, on or about the 1st of November, 18 36; that he also served in _____ Company, in the ______ Regiment of __________ Vols., from __________, to __________, and that he has not been employed or paid in the military or naval service of the United States since the 1st day of Nov., 18 36
      That at the time of his first enlistment he was 32 years of age, five feet eight inches in height, with Blue eyes Brown hair, medium fair complexion, and by occupation a Farmer, and that he was born in the County of Edgefield, State of South Carolina. That since leaving the service he has resided as follows: In Alabama until 1844, then in Miss until 1851, then in Texas to the present time That he is _____ now a widower. That the maiden name of his last wife was Eglentine Langley. That he was married to her on the 9th day of January, 18 25, at Monroe County, State of Ga. That he had __________ been previously married. That his former wife, whose maiden name was Martha Bails, died at Edgefield County State of South Carolina, on the 23rd day of November, 18 23. That he has _____ heretofore applied for pension, the number of his claim being 4.660 That he has not applied for bounty-land, and received land-warrant No. 337984 for ______ acres, about __________, 18 __.
      That he is a citizen of the United States and makes this application for the purposes of obtaining a pension under the provisions of the Act of July 27, 1892, as extended by the act of June 27, 1902; and hereby appoints W W Dudley & Co, of Washington D. C. his true and lawful attorney to prosecute his claim. That his post-office is Sweet Home, County of Lavaca, State of Texas ATTEST: 1__/s/_A._G._Patton________________his ______________________/s/_Francis G X Culpepper 2__/s/_W_P_Bullard_________________mark
      Also personally appeared A G Patten, residing in Sweet Home Tex, and W P Bullard, residing at Sweet Home Texas, persons whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who, being by me duly sworn, say that they were present and saw Francis G Culpepper, claimant, sign his name (or make his mark) to the foregoing declaration; that they have every reason to believe from the appearance of said claimant and their acquaintance with him of 54 years and 12 years respectively, that he is the identical person he represents himself to be; and that they have no interest in the prosecution of this claim. ATTEST: 1_______________________________/s/_A._G._Patton 2_______________________________/s/_W._P._Bullard
      Sworn to and subscribed before me this 7th day of Aug, A. D. 190 2 and I do hereby certify that the contents of the foregoing declaration and affidavit were fully made known and explained to the applicant and witnesses before swearing, including the words Married & present erased, and the words a widower & last added; and that I have no interest, direct or indirect, in the prosecution of this claim. ________________________________/s/_F._G._Patton ____________________________________Notary Public ____________________________________Lavaca County Texas
      Accompanying the application was an affidavit by G. P. Humphreys: I G. P. Humpreys have known the Claimant Francis G Culpepper ever since 1835 he is the identical person he represents himself to be. Know of my own knowledge that he was a soldier in the second war of 1836 aganste the Creek Indians this testimonee is not adid [aided] by the use of any printed or writen statement or recitel prepared or dictated by any other person and further this information is writen by myself and I know that Said F. G. Culpepper was a member of Capt Slaughter's Co Ala Cav in sad [said] warre [war].
      Hon. Evan Goodwin Richards, who was an early settler in Chambers Co., AL which had been Creek land, wrote a series of articles on early Chambers County which were published in the LaFayette Sun in 1890. In Fall 1942, the articles were republished by the Court of County Commissioners of Chambers County as "REMINISCENCES OF THE EARLY DAYS OF CHAMBERS COUNTY" in the Alabama Historical Quarterly. In this pamphlet, Hon. E. G. Richards noted: That portion of East Alabama formerly occupied by the Creek tribe of Indians was ceded by them to the United States by treaty in the Spring of the year 1832. At the session of the Legislature of the State of Alabama in 1832-3, said territory was dived into counties and that portion known as Chambers county was so named in honor of Dr. Henry Chambers....
      The Hon. E. G. Richards went on to discuss the Creek War: I promised in my last to write in my next article on what I considered caused the war between the Creek tribe of Indians and the United States in the State of Alabama in the year 1836. What caused said war is a question much more easily asked than answered. To answer correctly one must know something of the surroundings of that tribe of Indians. They had been a large and warlike tribe and originally occupied a large territory. But by the results of the war of 1815 their territory was reduced in boundary by the State of Georgia on the east, and to the eastern line of Pike and Montgomery counties, on the lower part of their territory and the Coosa River of the upper part of their territory on the West. This narrow strip of country constituted the Creek territory from 1815 to the time of said war. Here these people were born. It was the land of their fathers. They had the attachments for the home of their birth that, history, both sacred and profane, teaches us is common to the human family. These people constituted no exception to that rule. The common Indian was unalterably opposed to removing to any other country or giving up their home here. But as the country, both in Alabama and Georgia, began to be settled to the Indian territory the white people began in various ways to intrude on the Indians. Large hunting companies went on their territory and killed up the deer and turkey which were their main supply of meat. Many settled among them, so that by the Spring of 1832 it was plain to all intelligent Indians that the white people intended to have their lands. A council was held and a delegation of Chiefs were sent to Washington to see the President to see what could be done to prevent further intrusion by the whites. While there on the 24th day of March 1832, a treaty was constituted between the United States and said Chiefs by which the latter deeded to the United States all their territory in Alabama. But knowing the strong opposition of the common Indian to removal, their Chiefs were careful to have it provided in said treaty that lands should be surveyed by the United States and each Indian, the head of a family, should have as a homestead a half section, 320 acres of land and the Chiefs a section, 640 acres. The treaty further provided that each Indian might sell his reservation after location, if he desired to do so, or if he preferred to remain on it, after five years he should receive title thereto. This provision for a time was acceptable to the common Indians. But as soon as the lands were surveyed and while the agents of the government of the United States were locating the Indians on their respective reservations, companies were formed for the purpose of buying up said lands for speculation, and to aid them in their purchases. Stores were established in nearly every neighborhood, where there was a settlement of Indians, with stocks of such goods as suited the Indians, including an ample supply of whiskey. These speculators commenced buying up the lands as fast as the Indians would sell them after location--the Indians knowing but little of the value of land. Many of them sold for very small sums and that in some instances paid in whiskey and dry goods at large profits. While these proceedings were being had the Indians were becoming idle, and in the year 1835 they failed to cultivate their patches of corn as formerly and the Spring of 1836 found them without the means of subsistence. The white people had settled among them and killed up the deer. Many of them had spent the money, or what they had got for their lands and they found themselves on the point of starvation. Land gone, money gone, and they were compelled soon to leave the home of their birth empty handed and to move to a strange land they had never seen, without hope of ever again seeing the land of their fathers, this not strange that these things should have begotten in them a spirit of revenge. Their savage nature prompted them to such revenge. Their hatred was against the white man. It was the white man that had gotten their lands and their money and was then compelling them to move from their native land. They did not discriminate between the speculator who had gotten their lands for a trifle, and the settler who had paid the speculator a fair price for a home to live on, but when they reached the point of revenge, killed the first man they could. Harper was a quiet citizen but was in a neighborhood surrounded by Indians and was their first victim in this county. I have no thought there was any other than that feeling of revenge that caused the death of Harper and of other depredations committed by them in the counties of Russell, Macon and Barbour. There was at no time any regular organized Indian army. Their Chiefs knew they were too weak to fight the United States and did not formerly declare war against the United States. But they could not restrain the common Indian from committing depredations on the white people and their property in private. The trouble lasted only a few months. General Jessup, with a few United States Troops, were ordered to collect the Creek Indians at Tallassee in Tallapoosa county, Alabama, which he did in the early fall of 1836, and moved them to the Indian territory west of the Mississippi river....
      Based on the Indian War pension applications, Francis G. Culpepper apparently moved his family to Mississippi between 1844 and 1846. F. G. Culpepper was noted as a farmer with his second wife and younger children in the 1850 census of Lafayette Co, MS. He owned real estate valued at $1,000. Again based on the Indian War pension applications, Francis G. Culpepper moved his family to Texas between 1851 and 1852. The family tradition is that the youngest child, Georgia Ann Texas, was born en route to Texas which would have been in March 1851. Francis Culpeper was listed in the 1860 census of Hallettsville, Lavaca Co., TX with his second wife and six daughters and a son "Shadrick." Francis had real estate valued at $4,500 and personal property valued at $3,500.
      Mrs. J. L. (Vivian Hastings) Culpepper noted that 24 Jun 1854 a decision was made to organize a Baptist church in the area of Sweet Home, Lavaca Co., TX and 21 Apr 1855 the following Constitution was written for Mount Olive Church: Constitution of Mt. O. C. 1st__Acording to previous notice given a number of Bro.s & Sisters met in Convention at the House of Elder I. Harbour of the regular Baptist faith and Order for the purpose of Organizing And Constituting a Church. 2nd__Elder, O. Guthrie preached an introductory Sermond applicable to the Occasion. 3rd__Elder, O. Guthrie was chosen Mod[erato]r and F. G. Culpepper Clerk 4th__An abstract of principles was produced from the Miss[issippi?] which was read and being, unobjectionable, the Following Bro's & Sisters handed in their letters Elder Isaah Harbour and his Wife Sister Ginsey Harbour _____Letter from Shilo Church Yellowbushey [Yalobusha] County Miss Sister Elizabeth Gage _____Letter from Mulberry Church Fayett C[oun]ty Texas Bro & Sister Culpepper _____Joint Letter from Leodecea(?) Church Layfayett C[oun]ty Miss Elder Orin Guthrie and Wife handed in a joint letter from Mulberry Church Fayett county Texas. Bro. ___? Thigpen handed in a letter from Mt. Olive Church. Pearl River Louisanna All the above named letters was read and there being no objection was recd The right hand of fellowship was Extended one towards or to another and they then Pronounced themselves an organized - Church. After Prayer by Bro. Harbour the Church set in Conference 1st Chose Elder O. Guthrie As their Moderator and F. G. Culpepper Clerk
      Mrs. J. L. (Vivian Hastings) Culpepper noted that the church was to be built "on Sister Guthrie's land." Oren Guthrie, the first Moderator (Pastor?) died 9 Oct 1854 and according to Mrs. J. L. Culpepper he was buried "at Mt Olive Cemetery. It is upon his and his wife Eliza's land that church is built."
      The Civil War began, and on p. 57 of On The Headwaters of the Lavaca and the Navidad Paul C. Boethel noted: In April, 1862, the conscript law was enacted, making liable for active military service all men between the ages of eighteen and thirty-five except those exempt by law.
      "F. G. Culpepper, over 50 years old" was noted on the 3 Aug 1863 roster of "The Lavaca Minutemen."
      After the war, Frank Culpepper was listed as a farmer with $1,500 in real estate and $1,500 in personal property in the 1870 Lavaca Co., TX census. Frank's son, Daniel F. Culpepper, was living in the household with his two daughters, Mattie and Mary. A. In addition to Frank's children, "Shadrick D.", Amanda, and Georgia were also living at home. "John Holy" who has not been identified was also listed in the household. In the 1880 census of Lavaca Co., TX, Frank Culpepper was listed with his second wife, Eglentine, and youngest daughter, Georgia. It should be noted that the Bible Record, the tombstone, a newspaper article and pension applications record the death of Francis G. Culpepper's wife in 1878. Her appearance in the 1880 census is a mystery unless the census taker resurrected her because he was being paid by the head. Francis G. Culpepper listed his father as having been born in North Carolina but John Culpepper listed his own place of birth as South Carolina in the 1850 census. Francis listed his mother as having been born in South Carolina.
      Francis Gillespie Culpepper's picture and biography appeared in the Shiner Gazette , Lavaca County, TX, on Wednesday, February 2, 1898: The Oldest Man in Lavaca County Monday, January 31st, Francis Culpepper, living about six miles east of Shiner and one mile north of Old Sweet Home, was ninety-four years old. His home is with Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Burke, Mrs. Burke being his daughter. He is the head of all the Culpepper family in this part of Texas.
The picture given above is from an old daguerrotype, taken years ago, and is a faithful likeness. Mr. Culpepper is hale and strong, and anyone unacquainted with his real age would never think for a moment that he was more than sixty or seventy years old. His eyes are bright and sparkling, his voice strong, his bearing good, and he really looks no older than some of his children. He was born in Edgefield District, South Carolina, January 31st 1806 [read 1804, the first paragraph of the article said that on 31 Jan 1898 (the year the article was written) Francis "was ninety-four years old." 1898-94=1804. Also see brother, Lewis Peek Culpepper, correcting this to 1804 based on John Culpepper family Bible record]. There he grew up to manhood, working on the farm, and was married at the age of eighteen to Miss Martha Bales. She was thrown from a horse while out riding and fatally injured. In 1823 Mr. Culpepper was again married, this time to Miss Agaltine Langley, by whom he had sixteen children. His second marriage took place in Georgia, where he had removed in 1823. In 1834 he removed with his family to Alabama, where he resided until 1846, when he moved to Lafayette County, MS. In 1851 he joined a party enroute for Texas, and crossing the Mississippi at Vicksburg, he set out for Texas overland through north Louisiana.
He had been preceded to Texas by two of his sons who had settled at this present place of residence, east of where Shiner now stands. Here Mr. Culpepper together with Dr. Patton invested in some twelve hundred acres of land, and has resided here in Texas ever since. His wife died in 1878 and he has since resided with his youngest daughter, Mrs B. F. Burke. Mr. Culpepper has had sixteen children, ten of whom are still living. They are, Daniel F., J. T. J., William R., Mrs. Martha Guthrie, James L., Mrs. Malinda Mauldin, Mrs. Amanda Guthrie, Mrs. Melvina Morris, Mrs. Selma Guthrie and Mrs. Georgia Burke. Another daughter, Mrs. Mary McGinty, died the 9th of last month. Up to 1894 Francis Culpepper had had one hundred and twelve grandchildren and seventy-one great grandchildren, twenty-five of whom were dead at that time. Since then there figures have greatly changed, especially as to the great grandchildren. Numbers of the great grandchildren have married since then and the list of great grandchildren has run up to about one hundred. There have been a few deaths in the family. Of the grand children we know of but one, that of Ben F., son of J. T. J. Culpepper. One morning nearly two years ago, all Lavaca county was shocked by the news that Tax Collector Ben Culpepper had killed himself at Halletsville [sic]. Everybody mourned him as he was a general favorite and was generally spoken of as the most popular man in Lavaca county. He had held the office of tax collector for years, and could have held it as long as he lived. No reason has ever been assigned for his rash act. F. O. Culpepper and family recently removed from Shiner to a distant part of the state. Harve and Leo married several years ago and are now farming in Bee county, their post office address is Pettus. James L., junior, and R. L. Culpepper married about a year ago. The former is living east of town and the latter near Yoakum. Abe, son of William R., was the last to get married. The happy event taking place about three weeks ago. The name of Culpepper is an honorable one all through this section. Nobody ever heard of a Culpepper doing a dishonorable act. Nobody ever heard of a Culpepper that wouldn't pay his debts. It is a name to be proud of. Francis Culpepper participated in the Creek War in Alabama, his commanding officer being Captain Slaughter. He relates some thrilling stories of his early days in Georgia and Alabama. His memory is perfect, and some of his experiences would make interesting reading. His grandmother was a sister to General Oglethorpe, and several of the family bear that name. The GAZETTE hopes that he may live to see 1900, and indeed there seems to be no reason why he should not.
      F. G. Culpepper" was listed in the 1900 census of Lavaca Co., TX in the household of his son-in-law, B. F. Burke. Francis was listed as having been born Jan 1803 in North Carolina. This information was presumably supplied by someone else, possibly B. F. Burke, since all earlier census records give South Carolina as the place of birth and the 1804 birth date was from a family Bible.
      Francis Gillespie Culpepper's death was recorded in the "BIBLE FAMILY RECORD OF FRANCIS G. & EGLINTINE CULPEPPER": _________________________Francis G. Culpepper _________________________Died Oct 21st A D 1903 _________________________At Sweet Home Texas
      According to the Lavaca Co., TX death certificate (#8 recorded 24 Dec 1903, reported 21 Nov 1903). Francis G. Culpepper was aged 99 years 8 months and 20 days when he died 21 Oct 1903 in the P.M. He was an American citizen and he died at "Old Sweet Home" Lavaca Co., TX. According to C. B. Patton, M.D. who reported the death, Francis G. Culpepper died of "General Debility."
      Mrs. Travis (Jacqueline Lorenz) McClinton noted directions to the Mt. Olive Cemetery, Lavaca Co., TX where Francis G. Culpepper is buried: Take 77A south out of Hallettsville to FM 531. Go right on FM 531 to the first road to the right and the cemetery is up this road on the left about .3 miles.
      Mrs. McClinton also noted a granite marker at the entrance: Francis G. Culpepper Came to Texas in 1851 With his wife and 16 Children, also brought A colony He was a Primitive Baptist A descendant of Lord Culpepper of England And an outstanding citizen Of Lavaca County Born__January 31, 1804 Died__October 21, 1903
      Dorothy Nash Roberts wrote 5 Sep 1981: The descendants of Francis Gillespie and Eglentine Langley Culpepper have a reunion each year at Old Sweet Home, Texas, in Lavaca County. It is held the first Sunday in May [now moved to October], and one of the purposes is to maintain the family graveyard where many of the family are buried. The food they bring is unbelievable.
      In addition, Tom Culpepper, a great great grandson of Francis Gillespie and Eglintine (Langley) Culpepper set up the Culpepper Heritage Association in order to preserve the information which his grandfather, Rev. Charles Lee Culpepper, Sr., had collected about the family including the following which was written by Mrs. F. L. (Jessie Burke) Heard: MY MEMORIES OF GRANDFATHER by Jessie Burke Heard In the year 1851, my grandfather, F. G. Culpepper came to Texas, and settled in Lavaca Co. about twelve miles from Hallettsville. He brought a Colony of people from the states of Virginia, N. Carolina, S. Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi. The only names of the people he brought that I can recall are: Dr. A. G. Patton and family, Sol West and family, the McCutcheons and the Bennets. It must have been in the spring of 1851 when they arrived at the place he decided to settle, as I remember mama [Mrs. B. F. (Georgia Culpepper) Burke] having told me that he said it was late in the afternoon when they got here, and he stopped the wagons and told the people that this was the place he wanted to make his home, so he then and there named the place Sweet Home. In later years, after the railroad came to Texas, a new Sweet Home was built five miles south of what was now old Sweet Home. Grandfather and Dr. A. G. Patton bought two sections of land between Rocky Creek and Mustang, which he later sold to his sons as they married, with the exception of that which he kept for himself. He had sixteen children, nine sons and seven daughters, of which my mother was the youngest child, having been born in a covered wagon coming from Georgia to Texas, so he named her Georgia Ann Texas Culpepper. With the help of his older sons they built a rather large house of logs, with a double rock chimney in the center, and two large bedrooms on either side of the chimney. The bed rooms were 20x20 ft. and then two smaller bedrooms on either end of the front porch. A hall way led to the dining room and to the kitchen. This house was a story and one half, and later Grandfather covered the logs with clapboards, that is with twelve inch wide boards with slats over the perpendicular boards and painted it white, making a very nice looking house, and there is where my mother lived all her life. After I was born, and was about six years old, my father built another dining room, and made a bedroom for Sister Mattie and me out of the old dining room. This house was in a very pretty setting of large liveoak trees. There were three large liveoaks in the front of the house which faced south, two on the west side, two on northwest, and three in the back yard, and three east in the horse lot near the barns. There were three or four more southwest of the house in and near the milking pen. The odd thing about these beautiful trees was, they grew in twos or threes. When Grandfather first came to Texas, the Indians were a constant bother and I remember my Grandfather (Daddy as we all called him), telling how he used to take Grandmother and the children down in the field and hide them in the tall weeds to protect them when he heard that the Indians were coming. Then he and his older sons would get their guns and watch out for the Indians. They were not always hostile, sometimes only hungry, and wanted food. My brother Dick recalls Grandfather telling of one time when an Indian came and made off with his vest, (weskit as he would have called it) so he tracked him down, took dead aim at him. Well, he got his vest back. Bro. Ben said Grandfather told of an Indian raid and following them to see where they hid or buried some gold they were said to have stolen. They did not find where, tho' it was generally supposed to have been buried on Uncle William Culpepper's place, near Rocky Creek. Ben said he and other boys had looked and dug for this gold many times without success of course Some years after Uncle William moved to Walnut Springs, Texas, Ben was back there disposing of the old Grandfather Culpepper homestead, as he and the man he sold to were passing Uncle William's place, that is the place he once owned, the man pointed to a pile of dirt and said, "there is where they found $6,000 in gold when they were digging a post-hole". So it was true about the Indians having buried it. After Grandfather's death in Oct. 1903, my father, B. F. Burke bought the ancestral home from the heirs, as mother had always lived there and wanted it. When I was growing up, after I could read well enough, Grandfather would call me and ask me to read the Bible to him. When asked where in the Bible he wanted me to read, he would say, "well read me something from Romans" or the acts of the Apostles, altho' the eighth chapter of Romans was his favorite. He was very religious, and was a member of the Primitive Baptist Church. He built a small church house several miles west of his home, known as Mt. Olive, and this was used as a school house also. Before the slaves were freed, they were allowed to attend church services and sit in the rear of the building. Once a month or once every three months, a Primitive Baptist preacher came to hold services Saturday and Sunday. He usually came to our house, (we lived in Grandfather's home), on Friday and then we had a service there that night. They sang, as the preacher would read out the lines from a hymnal, and then he would preach. We children would get sleepy, and mama would tell us to get up on Daddy's bed and go to sleep. Before the service was over, the bed was full of children. The next day, Saturday, there was an eleven o'clock service at the church-house, also on Sunday, but no night service those two days. The main event of the year was when they had an all day meeting, with dinner on the ground, as we called it then, and it was something to remember, with fried chicken, cakes and pies of all kinds, with jelly-cake leading all the rest as far as I was concerned. Every woman brought enough food to feed her own family, and many more. It was the best she knew how to prepare. In my minds eye, I can see the potato-salads with sliced boiled eggs on top, sometimes the egg yolks were served in designs on top. Every kind of homemade pickles, jellies and preserves and home made bread. There were no Bakeries in those days. Those were the "good-old days". In the summer time when it was meeting Sunday, and there was plenty of fresh corn and vegetables of all kinds also plenty of fryers, Daddy would invite as many of his friends and relatives as he wanted to for Sunday dinner, but my mother never knew how many until they all got there. Dinner lasted sometimes until four o'clock in the afternoon, and by that time we children were nearly starved, and there wasn't anything left of the fried chicken but necks and wings, but even that tasted pretty good as hungry as we were. One thing I wanted to mention in connection with the Primitive Baptist religion is that they believed in washing each others feet, as Jesus washed his Disciples feet, and this ceremony was observed religiously. My mother, being the youngest of sixteen children, naturally was the last one to get married, so when she and my father, Ben F. Burke married, they made their home with grandfather, and took care of him until his death, October 21st, 1903 at Old Sweet Home, Texas, at the age of 99 years, 8 months, and 21 days. He had seven sons and nine daughters. He had 366 grand children, great-grandchildren, and great-great-grandchildren, at the time of his death. His birthday was another "Red Letter day" in my memory, as mama and sister Mattie would start making cakes before hand in order to have enough for the crowds that came to help him celebrate his birthday which came on Jan. 31st. Of course the nieces and others brought food, and many brought cakes, of which grandfather was supposed to taste of each. He had many friends in the surrounding towns of Sweet Home, Shiner, & Hallettsville, who had standing invitations to eat Birthday dinner with him, but he seldom came to the table, as he was crippled. He had a kidney shaped lap-board that he always ate on. The reason he was crippled was, he had a stallion that he rode every day to keep him gentle, so when he saddled him one day in the summer of 1881 mama said she begged him not to ride him that day as he was so unruly, but Daddy said he was going to ride him, "or else" so he did, and he threw him and broke his leg between the ankle and knee, which proved to be a pretty bad break. This happened in the summer of 1881, before sister Mattie was born in September, and he lay in bed until she was old enough to walk. He was 78 years old then. He could never walk without a crutch and cane, 'tho he frequently pushed a chair in front of him, going from his bed to his chair. He sat in a certain rocking chair in the house by the side of the fire-place, and he was the one that told you when to mend the fire, but he seldom let you punch it with the poker, and to this day that is something I have always wanted to do. Grandfather was adverse to having his picture made, so the only picture he ever had made was made without his knowledge, and was made from a reflection in a cracked mirror, as the story goes. The finished picture, a tintype, proves this, as it is crackled all over. I have this picture, the only one in existence. Most all of Grandfathers sons and daughters had large families, but two excelled them all in numbers. Aunt Melvina Morris & Uncle Jordan, had twenty-one children, and Uncle Tom Culpepper had twenty-one by two wives. Uncle Jim Culpepper lived closer than any of the other relatives, and came to see Grandfather more often than any of the others, so I learned to love him very much, and to go home with him was one of the greatest joys of my life. Their home life was so sweet, and you never heard a cross word. Every one had certain chores to do and there never seemed to be any argument about who was to do this or that. For instance when a bale of cotton was sold, the money was brought and put in Aunt Maggie's lap, and she divided it out, so much for groceries, and so much to each of the sons who helped to plant and harvest it. The older girls milked the cows, made the butter, gathered the eggs and sold what wasn't needed at home and they too were given their part of this money. The youngest girl was Maggie, and she and I were great friends. The others were much older than I but I liked to be with them too, and at night at the supper table, after Aunt Maggie and Uncle Jim had gone back into the living room, we would sit around the table and talk for hours before we got up to wash the dishes. At Christmas time there was always a Christmas tree that reached from floor to ceiling, and there was a present for every one, no matter if they just happened in, Josephine would slip out, and come back with a gift. Christmas dinner was something to remember, and usually lasted until three or four o'clock, but so did the food. Always seemed to be plenty. Going back to the time Grandfather first came to Texas, and had slaves, my mother said she was rocked to sleep by her "black Mammy Nellie" until her feet touched the floor, and she never saw the sun rise until she was 12 years old. 
Reunion*24 Sep 2016 A reunion is held annually for the descendants of Francis Gillespie Culpepper. Last reported to Culpepper Connections! to be held 24 Sep 2016, with a meeting at 11:00 AM, lunch after the meeting, and a director's meeting after lunch. It is held at Kloesel's Steak House in Moulton, Lavaca County. For a small donation, which helps maintain the cemetery there, you can get a newsletter which will announce the exact date for the next reunion, give the minutes of the previous reunion, etc. For more information, contact Tom S. Culpepper (grandson of the Rev. Charles Lee Culpepper), 3807 Eagle Way, Round Rock, TX 78681-1669. Phone: (512) 255-0261 (home)
Tom keeps records on the descendants of Francis Gillespie Culpepper. If you attend the reunion, you can have a copy by bringing a thumb drive to the reunion with at least one gigabyte of memory.15 

Family 1

Martha Bales (circa 1805 - 23 Nov 1823)
Marriage*circa 1822 He married Martha Bales at Edgefield District, South Carolina, circa 1822. 

Family 2

Eglintine Langley (6 Apr 1810 - 3 Apr 1878)
Marriage*13 Jan 1825 He married Eglintine Langley on 13 Jan 1825 at age 20. 
ChartsHenry Culpeper of Lower Norfolk: DNA Status Chart (Male only, 8 generations)
John Culpepper of Randolph Co, AL: Descendant Chart
Last Edited20 Aug 2016


  1. P 173 (John 1m 26-45 w/5m 0-10, 2m 10-16, 1f 0-10, 1f 16-26, 2f 26-45)
    p 173 Nancy (1 of 2 females 26-45 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 Joel (1 of 2 males age 10-16 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 John J. (1 of 2 males age 10-16 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 Daniel P. (1 of 5 males 0-10 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 Sarah O. (1 female 0-10 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 Francis G. (1 of 5 males 0-10 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 James I. J. (1 of 5 males 0-10 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 George W. (1 of 5 males 0-10 in hh of John Culpepper).
  2. 1810 Federal Census, United States.
    Columbia, Richland District, SC
    John Culpepper, page 173, 5 M0-10, 2 M10-16, 1 M26-45, 1 F0-10, 1 F16-26, 2 F26-45, 16 slaves.
  3. 1830 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 339, Duprees Twp, Talbot Co., GA
    Francis G. Culpepper, 1 M20-30, 3 F0-5 (sic), 1 F20-30.
  4. Tombstone.
    Stockdale City Cemetery, Stockdale, Wilson Co., TX
    James L. Culpepper, 28 Jul 1833 – 29 Aug 1922
    Margaret Culpepper, 14 Feb 1841, Coffeeville, Miss – 14 Apr 1931.
  5. 1840 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 179, images 21-22, Unknown Township, Chambers Co., AL
    Francis Culpepper, 2 M0-5, 2 M5-10, 3 M10-15, 1 M30-40, 2 F0-5, 1 F5-10, 1 F30-40, 0 slaves.
  6. Correspondence from Charles Lee Culpepper, San Antonio, TX, to Lew Griffin.
  7. 1850 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 43, Family 290, Lines 12-25, (not stated) Lafayette Co, MS
    F. G. Culpepper, 46, M, Farmer, 100, SC
    Edlentine Culpepper, 38, F, SC
    William H (W) Culpepper, 21, M, Student, GA
    Martha A E Culpepper, 18, F, GA
    Jas L. Culpepper, 16, M, Student, GA
    Shadrack D. Culpepper, 14, M, SC
    Francis B. Culpepper, 13, M, AL
    Nancy R. Culpepper, 11, F, AL
    Matilda S. Culpepper, 10, F, AL
    Cynthia J. Culpepper, 8, F, AL
    Amanda Culpepper, 6, F, AL
    Mary J. Culpepper, 4, F, AL
    Melvina Culpepper, 3, F, AL
    Salina Culpepper, 1, F, MS.
  8. 1850 Federal Census, United States.
    Lafayette Co., MS
    F. G. Culpepper, owned 2 Black females, ages 30 and 6, and 1 Mulatto female, age 2.
  9. 1860 Federal Census, United States.
    Sheet 36, Pg 200B, (19 Jun 1860), Hallettesville PO, Lavaca Co., TX ( img# 36)
    Francis Culpepper, 56, M, SC, RE=$4500, PE=$3500, Farmer
    Egletine Culpepper, 50, F, SC
    Sarah Culpepper, 18, F, AL, Spinister
    Amanda Culpepper, 14, F, AL
    Mary Culpepper, 13, F, AL
    Melvina Culpepper, 12, F, MS
    Selina Culpepper, 11, F, MS
    Geo Ann Culpepper, 9, F, MS
    Shadrick Culpepper, 23, M, AL, Farm Laborer
    Sheet/Pg 9, Pg 061, (1 Slave House), (18 Jun 1860), Lavaca, Lavaca Co., TX ( img# 9)
    Slaves: 1 F40, 1 M20, 1 F12, 1 M6.
  10. 1870 Federal Census, United States.
    Sheet/Pg 134, Pg 473 (15 Jul 1870), Lavaca Co., TX
    Frank Culpepper, 66, M, SC, RE=$1500, PE=$1500, Farmer
    Egletine Culpepper, 60, F, SC
    Shadrick D. Culpepper, 36, M, GA
    Amanda Culpepper, 28, F, AL
    Georgia Culpepper, 19, F, MS
    Mattie Culpepper, 11, F, TX
    Nancy A. Culpepper, 9, F, TX
    Daniel F. Culpepper, 45, M, AL, Stock-Raiser
    John Holly, 22, M, MO, Works on Farm.
  11. 1880 Federal Census, United States.
    ED 79, Sheet 21, Pg 418A, Pct 3, Lavaca Co., TX
    Frank Culpepper, M, 76, Head, M, SC NC SC, Farmer
    Eglentine Culpepper, F, 70, Wife, M, SC SC SC
    Georgia Culpepper, F, 29, Dau, S, MS SC SC
    Henry Welch, M, 35, Laborer, S, IL IL IL.
  12. 1900 Federal Census, United States.
    ED 87, Sheet 2B, Pg 116A, Pct 3, Img 4, Old Sweet Home, Lavaca Co., TX
    B. F. Burke, Head, M, Jun-1848, 61, md-19 yrs, AR Austria Austria, Farmer
    G. A. (Culpepper) Burke, Wife, F, Mar-1851, 49, md-19 yrs, Ch 5/5, MS NC NC
    Mattie Burke, Daughter, F, Sep-1881, 18, S, TX AR MS
    Richard Burke, Son, M, Feb-1883, 17, S, TX AR MS, Farm Laborer
    William Burke, Son, M, Feb-1885, 15, S, TX AR MS, Farm Laborer
    Benjamin Burke, Son, M, Sep-1886, 13, S, TX AR MS
    Jessie Burke, Son, M [actually a Daughter], Dec-1888, 11, S, TX AR MS
    F. G. Culpepper, Father-in-law, M, Jan-1803, Wid, NC [SC in all prev censuses] AR MS.
  13. Texas Department of Health, compiler, Texas Death Index, 1903-2000, Online database at, 2006.
    Francis G. Culpepper died 21 Oct 1903 in Lavaca Co., TX, Cert 39857.
  14. Sammy Tise, Lavaca Co., TX - Cemetery Records, Hallettsville, TX: Sammy Tise.
    Vol I p 51.
  15. E-mail written 2003 - 2016 to Lew Griffin from Thomas Scott Culpepper, 3807 Eagle Way, Round Rock, TX 78681-1669, Phone (512) 255-0261, e-mail address.