Joseph Richard Culpepper

Male, #31567, (circa 1795 - 17 Dec 1876)
Father*Joseph Culpepper of Abbeville District, SC (s 1746 - a 7 Aug 1820)
Mother*Ann Theiler (c 1749 - a 7 Aug 1820)
Extinct Surname?* The family branch headed by Joseph Richard Culpepper is believed to have no living male descendants with the Culpepper surname. If you know otherwise, please contact Lew Griffin using the link at the bottom of this page. 
Birth*circa 1795 Joseph was born at Orangeburg District, South Carolina, circa 1795. 
1800 Census4 Aug 1800 Joseph was probably a free white male, under 10 years old, in Joseph Culpepper of Abbeville District, SC's houseshold on the 1800 Census at Lexington District, South Carolina. Unaccounted for are 1 male 0-10, 1 male 16-26, 1 male 26-45, and 1 female 0-10..1 
1810 Census6 Aug 1810 Joseph was probably a free white male, age 10 and under 16, in Joseph Culpepper of Abbeville District, SC's household on the 1810 Census at Abbeville District, South Carolina. Unaccounted for are 2 males 16-26..2 
War of 1812*between 1813 and 1814 He served in the War of 1812 between 1813 and 1814
(See biography.) 
Marriage*Mar 1817 He married Silvia Geiger at Lexington District, South Carolina, in Mar 1817.3 
Deed25 May 1818 He was granted a deed by Joseph Culpepper of Abbeville District, SC and Ann Theiler on 25 May 1818 at Abbeville District, South Carolina,

State of South Carolina Abbeville District This indenture made this twenty fifth day of May one thousand eight hundred and eighteen Between Joseph Culpepper and Ann Culpepper (formerly Geiger) of the District and State aforesaid of the one part and Joseph Richard Culpepper of the same place of the other part

Witnesseth, That the said Joseph and Ann for and in consideration of the natural love and affection which they have and bear towards the aforesaid Joseph Richard Culpepper the son of said Joseph and also for the further consideration of Ten dollars to them paid by the said Joseph Richard Culpepper; have given granted aliened and transferd and by these presents do give grant alien and transfer to the said Joseph Richard Culpepper all and Singular the Lands Tenements negroes goods and chattels now owned by and in the possession of said Joseph and Ann his wife,

to wit, a Tract of Land lying in Abbeville District aforesaid whereon the said Joseph now lives containing three hundred and eighty acres more or less; also sundry Negroe Slaves of different ages and Sexes; also, all the Stock of every kind , Household furniture and plantation tools; and also, the future increase of those Negroes aforementioned which are now computed to the number of twenty two or three all of which negroes goods and Chattels are particularly specified in a schedule thereof hereto annexd, as part of this deed; as also, whatever Lands goods and Chattels and negroes the Said Joseph may hereafter acquire and die possessed of agreeably to the provisoes and reservations herein after expressed. To have and to hold all and singular the Lands negroes goods and chattels abovementioned, with all the rights members and appurtenances to the Said Joseph Richard Culpepper his heirs and assigns forever --

Preserving Nevertheless to the Said Joseph Culpepper and Ann his wife during their lives or the life of the survivor of them the free and undisturbed possession use and enjoyment of all and Singular the Lands negroes goods and chattels abovementioned also reserving the right of Discharging all liens debts and demands which the said Joseph may now be liable to.

It is also further agreed on and understood, between the parties to these presents that a certain little negro girl by the name of Cynthia of the number of the above mentioned negroes is now to be hereby given by the said Joseph and Ann his wife, and received and held, by the said Joseph Richard Culpepper in Trust for and for the use of his little daughter Sarah Ann Culpepper and to her heirs forever and in case the said Sarah Ann should die under the age of twenty one years and without issue of her body then and in that case the said Girl Cynthia is to be held in the same manner for the said Joseph Richard's next oldest daughter.

In Testimony of the foregoing we the Said Joseph and Ann have jointly and severally put our hands and affixed our Seals the day and date above-mentioned.

Joseph Culpepper (seal)
Ann (her mark) Culpepper (seal)

Witnesses: Jefferson L. Edwards [sic], William Y. Glover

South Carolina Abbeville District -- Personally appeared Jefferson L. Edmonds [sic] who on his oath saith that he saw Joseph Culpepper and Ann his wife sign and execute the within Instrument of writing for the purposes therein mentioned and that William Y. Glover together with himself signed his name as a witness to the proper execution thereof. Sworn to the 22nd Sept 1818 before Charles Callayson, J. P.

Schedule of all and Singular the Lands negroes goods and chattels within and contained in the deed to which this is annexed; To Wit, Old Ben & wife Silvia, Cyrus, Joe, Nat, Ben (the younger); Tressy, Doncilla, Agga, Dilea, Anson, Nathan, Tallerand, Nalso, Tom, Will, Betty, Cynthia, & Mary. Horses, cows, hogs, sheep, articles of Household and Kitchen Furniture, consisting of Beds, Tables, etc etc.4 
1820 Census7 Aug 1820 Joseph was probably a free white male, age 16 and under 26, in Joseph Culpepper of Abbeville District, SC's household, on the 1820 Census at Abbeville District, South Carolina. Unaccounted for is 1 male 26-45 and 1 female 26-45..5 
1830 Census*1 Jun 1830 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1830 Census at Pike Co., Georgia. Unaccounted for is 1 Male 20-30..6 
Land Lottery*1832 He had a fortunate draw in the land lottery in 1832 at Pike Co., Georgia,
lot 241/8/4 in what became Murray Co., GA.7 
Event-Misc*25 Jan 1836 He on 25 Jan 1836 at Pike Co., Georgia, Sheriff's oath.8
Joseph Richard Culpepper's Sheriff's Oath
Joseph Richard Culpepper's Sheriff's Oath
Indian Wars*1836 He served in one of the Creek and Seminole Indian Wars in 1836
(Second Creek Indian War. See biography.) 
1840 Census*1 Jun 1840 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1840 Census on 1 Jun 1840 at Pike Co., Georgia.9 
1850 Census*1 Jun 1850 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1850 Census on 1 Jun 1850 at Pike Co., Georgia.10 
1860 Census*1 Jun 1860 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1860 Census at Pike Co., Georgia.11 
1860 Slave Census*1 Jun 1860 Joseph and Silvia was listed as a slave owner on the 1860 Census at Pike Co., Georgia, and owned Jospeh owned 1 slave and Silvia owned 2 others in this county..12 
Death of Spouse29 Apr 1866 His wife Silvia Geiger died on 29 Apr 1866 at Pike Co., Georgia
1870 Census1 Jun 1870 Joseph listed as a household member living with Mary Ella Jane Lifsey on the 1870 Census at Pike Co., Georgia.13 
Death*17 Dec 1876 He died at Pike Co., Georgia, on 17 Dec 1876. 
Biography* Joseph Richard Culpepper was the son of Joseph Culpeper. 14"
     Since the marriage of Joseph's known wife, Ann Theiler, was her third, and since she is known to have had a child by her first husband by 1772, it is thought that she would have been past her childbearing years in 1795, the presumed year of Joseph Richard Culpepper's birth. However, no evidence has been found to show that Joseph Culpeper had another wife. Assuming that Ann was approximately the same age as Joseph Culpeper, or a little older, she would have been in her early to mid 50's when Joseph Richard Culpepper was born. And, although it is unusual for a woman to have a child at that age, there are precedents and there is no evidence that Joseph Richard had any younger brothers or sisters. Joseph Richard Culpepper is believed to have been born in the Lexington area of Orangeburg District, SC since that is where his father was noted in the 1790 census. The family was also noted in this same area in the 1800 census.
     Since his father was also named Joseph, Joseph Richard Culpepper went by his middle name, Richard, or, when he was younger, by the nickname "Dickey." Even after his father's death, when Joseph Richard began using his first name, he still signed his name Joseph Richard Culpepper. Joseph Richard's father, Joseph, died after 1807 and before the 1810 census. It is not known if Joseph Richard's family moved to Abbeville District, SC before or after Joseph's death. The family of "Joseph" Culpepper was noted in the 1810 census of Abbeville District,SC but the oldest male noted was 16 to 26 years of age. Joseph Richard Culpepper would have been 15 years old at most but if Joseph had still been alive at the time of the census, he would have been in his 60's.
     Joseph Richard Culpepper would have been approximately 17 years old when the War of 1812 began. On December 10, 1813, at the age of 18, he enlisted in Abbeville District, SC as a replacement for someone who had been drafted 15 He enlisted as Richard Culpepper, but applied for his bounty land and pension as Joseph R. Culpepper. Joseph was a private in the company of South Carolina Militia commanded by Captain John Hatter, in the regiment commanded by Colonel Youngblood. According to the pension record, the company "was marched to the burnt church near Beaufort in the state of South Carolina where they were stationed until near the close of their service." Joseph Richard served until March 15, 1814. Then, for two months in the Fall of 1814, Joseph Richard served as a corporal in the company commanded by Z. Meriwether in the regiment commanded by Col. Austin. This was the same company in which Joseph Richard's cousin, Joel, son of Benjamin, was serving as a 2nd Sergeant.
     After his service, Joseph Richard would have returned home, presumably to Abbeville District, SC. Then, in March of 1817, he married Silviah Geiger in Lexington District, SC. 15 Joseph Richard Culpepper would have been approximately 22 years old. The couple returned to Abbeville District, SC and settled down to raise a family. They were living across the county line from John Culpepper and his family and the families are known to have visited. 16
     Joseph Richard Culpepper is next noted in the 1820 census of Abbeville District, SC with his wife and two young daughters. Two older males and two older females were also noted in the household but have not been identified.
     On 7 Jul 1823, Richard Culpepper was named an adminstrator of the estate of Bejamin Chiles, whose will was dated 2 Aug 1822 in Abbeville District and proved 16 Aug 1822. 17
     In 1829, Joseph Richard moved his family to Pike County, GA. 18 They were among the first white settlers there. He was still going by the name "Richard Culpepper" but, in the early 1830's, he started using the name "Joseph R. Culpepper." 19 In the 1830 census of Pike Co., GA, Joseph Richard Culpepper was noted with his wife and young family of five daughters. There was also a 20-30 year old male living in the household who has not been identified.
     In May of 1836, Joseph Richard volunteered for three month's service in the Creek War which he called the "Florida War."20 He served as a private under the command of Captain Berry E. Lynch in the Georgia Regiment of Mounted Infantry commanded by Thomas Beale. After completing his service, Joseph Richard returned home. He would have been in his early 40's and it was possibly around this time that he served as High Sheriff of Pike Co., GA, an occupation which was noted in his obituary.
     Joseph Richard was recorded in the 1840 census of Pike Co., GA with his wife and three of their daughters. Four of the daughters married in the late 1830's and in early 1840. It is possible that the daughter that married in 1840 was recorded as living at home for the purpose of the census. There was also a 60-70 year old male living in the household, who has not been identified. In 1850, Joseph Richard was the census taker for his district. He recorded himself with his wife and youngest daughter in the 1850 Pike Co., GA census.
     September 28, 1850, Congress passed a "Bounty Land" act and Joseph Richard applied for land based on his service in the War of 1812 and in the Creek War. In a September 6, 1852 follow-up letter in Joseph Richard Culpepper's pension file, he noted that he was "entitled to 40 Acres for my serves in the Florida war [i.e., the Creek War] under Captain B. E. Lynch." The letter was written from Zebulon, GA. Joseph Richard Culpepper was apparently granted the land which he then sold. Then, in 1856, Joseph Richard Culpepper assigned power of attorney to Barnabas Strickland to see if he had a survivor's claim against the government for service by his father, Joseph, in the Revolutionary War.
     Joseph R. Culpepper and his wife were noted in the 1860 Zebulon, Pike Co., GA census. He was 65 years old and his real estate was valued at $1,000 and his personal property was valued at $2,982.
     Joseph Richard's wife of 49 years died in 1866 and, in 1870 census records, a 75 year old Joseph R. Culpepper was noted living with his daughter, Mrs. W. N. (Mary E. Culpepper) Lifsey, and her family. Congress passed an act dated February 14, 1871 which authorized pensions for survivors of the War of 1812 and, in 1871, Joseph Richard Culpepper submitted an application. 21 The first pension voucher was apparently issued in December of 1875. Joseph Richard Culpepper died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Lifsey, a year later. According to his obituary, he had been a Mason for 50 years and they had a procession at his funeral. 
Research note Other than his service in Austin's Regiment of the South Carolina Militia during the War of 1812, nothing else is known about Joseph Culpepper. It is worth noting that Joel Culpepper and Richard Culpepper (aka Joseph Richard Culpepper) also served in this regiment. If you can better identify Joseph Culpepper, please contact Warren Culpepper.22,23 

Family

Silvia Geiger (4 May 1800 - 29 Apr 1866)
Marriage*Mar 1817 He married Silvia Geiger at Lexington District, South Carolina, in Mar 1817.3 
Children
ChartsHenry Culpeper of Lower Norfolk: DNA Status Chart (Male only, 8 generations)
Benjamin (son of Joseph) Culpepper of Edgecombe Co., NC: Descendant Chart
LWG / Clarissa Eugenia Culpepper Griffin (Lew Griffin's gtgm): Ancestral Chart
Last Edited11 Jul 2011

Citations

  1. 1800 Federal Census, United States.
    Unknown Township, Lexington District, SC
    Joseph Culpepper, page 560, 2 M0-10, 1 M16-26, 1 M26-45, 1 M45+, 1 F0-10, 1 F10-16, 1 F45+
    John Culpepper, page 561, 3 M0-10, 1 M16-26, 1 F0-10, 1 F16-26.
  2. 1810 Federal Census, United States.
    Unknown Township, Abbeville District, SC
    Joel Culpepper, page 55, 3 M0-10, 1 M26-45, 1 F16-26, 1 F26-45, 0 slaves
    Joseph Culpepper, page 55, 1 M10-16, 2 M16-26, 1 M45+, 1 F45+, 23 slaves.
  3. Barbara R. Langdon, compiler, Edgefield Co., SC Marriages, 1769-1880: Implied in Edgefiled Probate RecordsLangdon, 1990, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Book 975.737 V2L.
    Joseph R. Culpepper and ___ Geiger, Lived 1838 (Box 16, Pack 561, Frames 057).
  4. SC Miscellaneous Records, Columbia Series; (n.p.: n.pub.), Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. Film 22,668.
    Volume D, p. 57-58.
  5. 1820 Federal Census, United States.
    Unknown Townships, Abbeville District, SC
    Joseph Culpepper, page 3, 1 M16-26, 1 M26-45, 1 M45+, 2 F0-10, 1 F16-26, 1 F26-45, 1 F45+, 24 slaves.
  6. 1830 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 113, Unk Twp, Pike Co., GA
    Joseph R. Culpepper, 1 M20-30, 1 M30-40, 1 F0-5, 1 F5-10, 3 F10-15, 1 F20-30.
  7. James F. Smith, compiler, Georgia Cherokee Land Lottery, 1832, Online database at Ancestry.com, 2000.
    http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.asp?dbid=4242
    Joseph R. Culpepper, Crows District, Pike Co., GA, drew lot 241/8/4 in what became Murray Co., GA, 1832.
  8. E-mail written 2003 -2014 to Lew Griffin from Barbara Angeline Slade Dayhuff, e-mail address.
    from Pike County Superior Court Minutes - 1823-1840.
  9. 1840 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 120, District 581, Pike Co., GA
    Joseph R. Culpepper, 1 M40-50, 1 M60-70, 1 F5-10, 1 F10-15, 1 F15-20, 1 F30-40.
  10. 1850 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 204B, District 68, Pike Co., GA
    Joseph R. Culpepper, 54, M, Laborer, SC
    Silviah Culpepper, 50, F, SC
    A. S. C. Culpepper, 19, F, GA.
  11. Page 1, Zebulon PO, Pike Co., GA (ID: 31567)
    Joseph R. Culpepper, 65, M, SC
    Sylviah Culpepper, 60, F, $1000/$2982, SC
    Harriet C. Rucker, 37, F, Domestic, -/$60, SC (sister of Joseph)
    Francis C. Rucker, 13, M, GA
    Harmon A. Rucker, 11, M, GA
    Eudora E. Rucker, 9, F, GA
    Saloma R. Rucker, 3, F, GA.
  12. 1860 Federal Census, United States.
    Slave Schedule, Pike Co., GA
    Joseph R. Culpepper owned 1 slave: 50M
    Sylviah Culpepper owned 2 slaves: 6F, 3F.
  13. 1870 Federal Census, United States.
    Pages 183A-B, Family 1013, McDowell Twp, Pike Co., GA
    Mary E. Lifsey, 43, F, Keeping House, $700/$200, SC
    William Lifsey, 13, M, GA
    Caroline Lifsey, 10, M, GA
    Izora Lifsey, 8, M, GA
    Joseph R. Culpepper, 75, M, SC.
  14. From a record in Joseph Culpeper's Revolutionary War Pension File R. 2565 in which "Joseph R. Culpepper" authorizes Barnabas Strickland to prosecute a claim "for services rendered by my Father Joseph Culpepper in defense of his country in the war of the Revolution as Lieutenant in the Cavalry Company commanded by Capt. Alexander, belonging to the Brigade commanded by General Sumter.
  15. War of 1812 pension file SC-12308
  16. Joseph Richard Culpepper (grandson of this Joseph Richard Culpepper) letter to Rev. George Bright Culpepper circa 1910-1915
  17. Willie Pauline Young, Abstracts of Old Ninety-Six and Abbeville District Wills and Bonds, as on file in the Abbeville, SC Courthouse, Vidalia, GA: Georgia Genealogical Reprints, 1969.
  18. obituary, Christian Index and Southwestern Baptist, 28 Jun 1877
  19. "Richard Culpepper" was noted in the 1829 Pike Co., GA Tax Digest in "Captain McDowel's" District. Later listings (1831, 1834, 1835, 1837, 1838) were for "Joseph R. Culpepper."
  20. from an 1852 letter preserved in the War of 1812 pension file SC-12308
  21. No. 15520
  22. National Archives and Records Administration, compiler, Index to the Compiled Military Service Records for the Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the War of 1812, Online database at Ancestry.com, 1999.
    http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4281
    South Carolina Militia:
    Joel Culpepper, Austin's Regiment
    Joseph Culpepper, Austin's Regiment
    Richard Culpepper, Austin's Regiment
    Richard Culpepper, Youngblood's Regiment.
  23. Warren L. Culpepper (#1942), Former publisher of Culpepper Connections, e-mail address.