John Culpeper of Albemarle NC

Male, #10529, (circa 1644 - circa Jan 1694)
Father*John Culpeper the Merchant (c 1606 - c 1674)
Name Variation He was also known as John Culpeper the Carolina Rebel. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Birth*circa 1644 John was born circa 1644.1 
Marriage*between 1664 and 1671 He married Judith (?) between 1664 and 1671. On 2 Mar 1670/1, John Culpeper arrived in Charles Town, South Carolina from Barbados, accompanued by a Negro named Crow. Twelve days later, Judith Culpeper arrived in Charles Town from Barbados, accompanied by a servant, Alice Thomas. It is inferred from this that John and Judith were married.2 
Residence*Feb 1670/71 John and Judith resided at Barbados in Feb 1670/71.2 
Relocation*2 Mar 1670/71 He relocated on 2 Mar 1670/71 at Charles Town, South Carolina,2 
Death of Fathercirca 1674 His father John Culpeper the Merchant died circa 1674 at Virginia.3 
Deed*16 Apr 1676 He witnessed a deed grant by Sir William Berkeley Governor of Virginia on 16 Apr 1676

17 Apr 1676 deed from William Berkeley, Capt. General and Chief Governor of Virginia, to Joshua Lamb, New England merchant, conveying the Island of Roanoke, County of Albemarle, Province of Carolina for 100 pounds sterling. Witnessed by James Bray, Darby Maguier and John Culpeper. Recorded 20 Dec 1676 (not clear where). Deposition of John Culpeper, 19 Sep 1677, before two members of the Massachusetts Court of Assistants, "that he was present & saw Sir William Berkeley Signe Seale & deliver the above mentioned Deed to which his name is Subscribed as a witness." Recorded 23 Sep 1684.

Subsequently, Lamb sold half of this land to Nicholas Paige:
Deed dated 19 Sep 1677 from Joshua Lamb of Roxbury, New England merchant, to Nicholas Paige of Boston, merchant, ½ of Island of Roanoke, County of Albemarle, Province of Carolina, which Lamb "lately purchased of Sir William Berkeley one of the Proprietors of Carolina and Albemarle."4 
Note*1677 In 1677, John Culpepper witnessed a document signed by Thomas and Mary Swan, acknowledging that they had received their portion of the estate of Mary’s deceased father, Thomas Lamb of Roxbury, from the estate of Mary’s stepfather, Thomas Hawley. Related court records found in the Suffolk Files at the Massachusetts Archives include a copy of the 1677 document, and indicate that Thomas Lamb’s widow, Dorothy, married Thomas Hawley.

(Note by Warren Culpepper: About 90 years earlier in England, a John Swan married Mary Culpeper, daughter of Edward Culpeper of the Aylesford line. Mary had a brother named John Culpeper. It would be worth further research to see if there is a connection between these Swan families that might point to a different Culpeper family connection for John Culpeper of Albemarle.)5 
Probate*1677 He witnessed a document in connection with the probate of an estate in 1677 at Roxbury, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts,

In 1677, John Culpepper witnessed a document signed by Thomas and Mary Swan, acknowledging that they had received their portion of the estate of Mary’s deceased father, Thomas Lamb of Roxbury, from the estate of Mary’s stepfather, Thomas Hawley. Related court records found in the Suffolk Files at the Massachusetts Archives include a copy of the 1677 document, and indicate that Thomas Lamb’s widow, Dorothy, married Thomas Hawley.6 
Court Records1678 In 1678, a John Culpepper was identified as the "master" of the barque Recovery, in a case before the Massachusetts Court of Assistants (acting as a Court of Admiralty). Culpepper sued John Woodmansey for seizing the ship and cargo "on pretence of a debt due to him from Zechariah Gillam." Culpepper claimed that Woodmansey’s action prejudiced Culpepper "and his owners," and sought 100 pounds in damages. The court ruled in favor of Culpepper, ordering delivery to him of the ship and goods "in such condition as it was seized," plus 5 pounds damages, and costs of court.7 
Note1678 In 1678, the same year that John Culpeper was master of the "barque" Recovery, he and Joshua Lamb witnessed an agreement, signed in Roxbury, Massachusetts, settling a lawsuit between Mrs. Sarah Alcock, widow of Samuel Alcock of Boston, and Mr. Richard Mead Sr. of Roxbury, re: Roxbury property.8 
Biography1679 "John Culpeper, a person that never is in his element but whilst fishing in troubled waters, he was forced to fly from Ashley River for his turbulent and factious carriage there. He both here and in New England with some of the discontented Traders plotted there and underhand here incouraged the hot headed people to this rash and ill-advised Rebellion. Culpeper being their Secretary or Register and one of their Caball or Grand Councill in matter of advise, this being the second disturbance he hath made here, besides what he hath done in Ashley River, New England and Virginia and therefore a man they much hearken to for his experience sake."9 
Miscellaneous*25 Feb 1678/79 Declaration by John Culpeper concerning his position as Customs Collector in Albemarle County

TO ALL THE INHABITANTS OR ANY THAT MAY ARRIVE IN THE COUNTY OF ALBEMARLE:
This is to certify that I have seene a proclamation signed by Capt. Tymothy Biggs wherein he declared himselfe Depty to the Earle of Craven and Comptroller & Surveyor Generall of his Maties Customes and that he is ready to enter & cleare any vessell or vessells that may here arrive and to the intent that noe person whatsoever may be deluded or run into danger by meanes of the said proclamation I doe hereby declare that as to his being Depty as aforesaid I dispute not but never understood that a Comptroller or Surveyor of the Customes had the prerogative of entring or clearing any vessell but that it belongs to the Collector which I am till another appeare & therefore whoever shall enter or cleare with him thinking they have done their duty therein he or they may be hereby informed that I will make seizure of them & bring them to tryall according to Act of Parliament.
Dated Febry 25th 1678-9
/s/John Culpeper, Collector.10 
Deed1680 He witnessed a deed grant in 1680 at Roxbury, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts,

John Culpeper and Joshua Lamb witnessed a Roxbury land deed in 1680, which divided Roxbury property between John Alcock of Boston and Samuel Ruggles Jr. of Roxbury. Several years later, in 1698, at the Suffolk County Superior Court of Common Pleas, there was testimony from another witness, John Gore, that he saw "John Culpeper then of Roxbury" sign the document. In other testimony, Mary Swan, the daughter of Thomas Lamb of Roxbury, stated that she was knew John Culpeper "very well" and was "well acquainted" with his handwriting.11 
Marriage*circa 1680 He married Mrs. Margaret Bird circa 1680. 
Headrights*30 Mar 1680 Albemarle. Ralph Fletcher, 400 a., for transportation of Nine persons, 30 March 1680. Thomas Cullen, Sarah his wife Jno. and Rich, his Sons, Sarah Anne, Mary, Christian, and Martha his Daughters being transportation Rights and becomes due to Fletcher as being assigned by Tho. Cullen (torn) Sir Wm. Berkley and from Berkley by his (torn) Jno. Culpeper to governor Carteret, and by Carteret's attorney Capt. Craford Esqr., to Ralph Coates, and by Coates to Fletcher.12 
Deed*1683 He was party to a deed in 1683 at Lower Norfolk Co., Virginia,

1683 -- Deed Bk 4, p 158. Patrick White to John Culpepper. Lower Norfolk County. Know all men by ... I Patrick White for... good... have & fully absolutely... & appoint my loving friend John Culpepper for... &... my... plantation. Signed: Patrick White. 
Deedbetween 1680 and 1689 He was party to a deed between 1680 and 1689 at Lower Norfolk Co., Virginia,

168x -- Deed Bk 4, p 162. Thomas Green to John Culpepper and Thomas Gordon. My beloved friend Mr. John Culpepper & Thomas Gordon to be my sole and lawful attorneys. 
Marriage*12 Aug 1688 He married Sarah Mayo at Perquimans Precinct, North Carolina, on 12 Aug 1688.13 
Court Records*8 Jan 1690 Recorded by order of Court -- Received January the 8th 1690 of Mr. Jno. Culpeper the summ of twelve shillings in full of all accounts betwixt us from the Begining of the World to this day I Say Received by Francis Hartley.14 
Headrights3 Mar 1693 Albemarle. Patrick Henley, 1100a., 3 Mar 1693. the persons viz. Jno. Culpeper, Jno. Robison, Jacko, Grace, 2 Negroes Valentine Bird, betty, bes, Mingo, and Tom Negros, Andrew, Jumpo, Maria, Jane, An Farmer, Pa. Henley, Elizabeth Duff, betty negro, Sarah Henley Margrett Byrd Sarah Byrd, 22 Survey for Stephen Scott, assignee of Patrick Henley, 247 a., 12 June 1696.12 
Death*circa Jan 1694 He died at Pasquotank Precinct, North Carolina, circa Jan 1694. 
Headrights1693/94 Patrick Henley proved 22 rights, Pasquotank: Jno. Culpepper, Jno. Robison, Yacko and Grace 2 negroes, Valentine Byrd, Sarah Byrde, Betty, Bes, Mingo, and Tom, 4 Negroes, Andrew, Yampo, Marea and (torn) negroes, Anne Farmer, Patrick Henley, Mary Henley, his wife, Mary Henley, (torn), Betty a negroe, my wife Sarah Henley, Margret Byrde. Certified 7 (torn) 1693/4. A warrant given.12 
Research note He is referenced in a research note for John Marlo Culpepper (Apocryphal).3,15,16 
Biography He is referenced in a biographical note for John Culpeper the Merchant.15 
Biography He is referenced in a biographical note for John Culpeper son of Thomas & Katherine.16,17 
Biography He is referenced in a biographical note for John Alleyne Culpeper of Barbados
Biography He is referenced in a biographical note for John Culpeper of Barbados
Biography* If his own deposition can be believed, then John Culpeper, 'the Rebel' of Albemarle was born between November 1641 and August 1648. This critical fact can be found in the Master's Thesis of William S. Smith, Jr., "Culpeper's Rebellion, New Data and Old Problems, page 19:
     "... while both [Fairfax] Harrison and others list John Culpeper's birthdate as about 1633, a transcript of Albemarle John Culpeper's deposition for the trial of Thomas Miller for blasphemous utterings lists John Culpeper's age as thirty one. Unfortunately, no specific date is given for this deposition although it must have been between November 1673 when the alleged offense occurred and August 1679 when Miller's final trial for these alleged offenses occurred. Reading of a photocopy of the original manuscript of the deposition from which William L. Saunders' Colonial Records data was taken shows that Culpeper's age was correctly transcribed."

     Thus, it does NOT seem likely, unless the above statement can be disproved, that John Culpeper of Albemarle was John Culpeper son of Thomas & Katherine as their son John was known to have been born in 1633. This directly contradicts the long held belief that John of Albemarle was in fact their son. Fairfax Harrison suggested this possibility in the 1920's, but did not have the above mentioned deposition at his disposal at the time.

     If John of Albemarle was not the son of Thomas and Katherine, then who was he? No clear and decisive answer has emerged to this question.

     One possibility is that he was John Alleyne Culpeper of Barbados, who was alledgedly the son of the Rev. William Culpeper of Barbados, and his wife Margaret Alleyne. For additional commentary on this possibility, see the Historical Section of the Culpepper Connections Web Site.

     A second possibility is that he was the son of John Culpeper the Merchant, born 1606, who was the son of John Culpeper of Astwood in Feckenham, co. Worcs. and wife Ursula Woodcock. This writer currently favors this idea, since both John of Albemarle, and John (born 1606) were known to have been merchants, and both had dealings with merchants in New England. See the pages on John Culpeper the Merchant and on his possible son Henry Culpeper of Lower Norfolk Co., VA for further details.

     For additional details on John Culpeper, of Albemarle, and of Culpeper's Rebellion, see "Culpeper's Rebellion: New Data and Old Problems" http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/rebellion/default.htm.
 
Research note He is referenced in a research note for John Culpeper of Accomack Co., VA.18 

Family 1

Judith (?) (say 1646 - )
Marriage*between 1664 and 1671 He married Judith (?) between 1664 and 1671. On 2 Mar 1670/1, John Culpeper arrived in Charles Town, South Carolina from Barbados, accompanued by a Negro named Crow. Twelve days later, Judith Culpeper arrived in Charles Town from Barbados, accompanied by a servant, Alice Thomas. It is inferred from this that John and Judith were married.2 

Family 2

Mrs. Margaret Bird (say 1646 - circa 1687)
Marriage*circa 1680 He married Mrs. Margaret Bird circa 1680. 

Family 3

Sarah Mayo (circa 1672 - before 1726)
Marriage*12 Aug 1688 He married Sarah Mayo at Perquimans Precinct, North Carolina, on 12 Aug 1688.13 
Child
ChartsThe 12th century Culpepers of England: Descendant Chart (16 generations, Males only)
Last Edited14 Nov 2011

Citations

  1. William S. Smith, Culpeper's Rebellion, New Data & Old Problems, Culpeper's Rebellion, Master's Thesis, 1990, http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/Rebellion/default.asp.
    p. 19.
  2. See Culpepper immigrants to America at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/immigrants.htm.
  3. Warren L. Culpepper (#1942), Former publisher of Culpepper Connections, e-mail address.
  4. Diane Rapaport--Historical/Genealogical Consultant, Lexington, MA, e-mail address, http://www.quillpenhistorical.com.
    Suffolk Deeds, Vol. 13, 1683-1686 (Boston: Rockwell & Churchill, 1903), Folios 180 – 181.
    Suffolk Deeds, Vol. 10 (Boston: Municipal Printing Office, 1899), Folio 180.
  5. Diane Rapaport--Historical/Genealogical Consultant, Lexington, MA, e-mail address, http://www.quillpenhistorical.com.
    Massachusetts Archives Collection, Vol. 16 (Estates, 1671-1697)
    Suffolk Files #3762 and copies of records...
  6. Diane Rapaport--Historical/Genealogical Consultant, Lexington, MA, e-mail address, http://www.quillpenhistorical.com
  7. Diane Rapaport--Historical/Genealogical Consultant, Lexington, MA, e-mail address, http://www.quillpenhistorical.com.
    John F. Cronin and John Noble, eds., Records of the Court of Assistants of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, 1630-1692, 3 vols. (Boston: County of Suffolk, 1901-28), pp. 118-119.
  8. Diane Rapaport--Historical/Genealogical Consultant, Lexington, MA, e-mail address, http://www.quillpenhistorical.com.
    Suffolk Deeds, Vol. 9, Folio 52.
  9. Documenting the American South: Colonial and State Records of North Carolina, University of North Carolina.
    http://docsouth.unc.edu/csr
    Representation concerning the rebellion in Albemarle County, 1679, Volume 01, Pages 256-261
    http://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/document/csr01-0110.
  10. Documenting the American South: Colonial and State Records of North Carolina, University of North Carolina.
    http://docsouth.unc.edu/csr
    B.P.R.O. Colonial Papers, Volume 01, page 242, February 25, 1679, John Culpeper.
  11. Diane Rapaport--Historical/Genealogical Consultant, Lexington, MA, e-mail address, http://www.quillpenhistorical.com.
    Suffolk Files , Vol 41, #3733a and #4531, and copies of records.
  12. Caroline B. Whitley, compiler, North Carolina Headrights: A List of Names, 1663-1744, Raleigh, North Carolina: Division of Archives and History -- NC Dept. of Cultural Resources, 2001, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN 975.6 R2wc.
  13. J. R. B. Hathaway, North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register.
    vol. 3, p.203.
  14. From "Records of Courts Held by The Governor and Council, from the North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, I, (1900), 135 (The original documents are now lost. This source appears to consist in part of abstracts and to reflect many misreadings of the manuscript.).
  15. Lewis W. Griffin Jr. (#47), e-mail address.
  16. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm.
  17. Warren M. Billings, compiler, The Papers of Sir William Berkeley, 1605-1677, Richmond, Virginia: Library of Virginia, 2007.
  18. E-mail written 1999-2011 to Culpepper Connections from William A. 'Bill' Russell, Alexandria, VA, e-mail address (Sep 2011).