Elizabeth Culpeper1

Female, #8941, (circa 1637 - Feb 1709)
Father*John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway (7 Aug 1599 - 11 Jul 1660)
Mother*Judith Culpeper (c 1606 - Nov 1691)
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*circa 1637 Elizabeth was born circa 1637. 
Baptism4 Jan 1637/38 She was baptized at Hollingbourne Church, Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England, on 4 Jan 1637/38.2  
Married Name1661  As of 1661, her married name was Hamilton.2 
Marriage*1661 She married James Hamilton Groom of the Chamber to Charles II in 1661.2 
Will3 Jul 1660 She is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway at co. Kent, England, on 3 Jul 1660.3 
Death of Father11 Jul 1660 Her father John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway died on 11 Jul 1660 at co. Kent, England.3 
Birth of Soncirca 1661 Her son Sir James Hamilton 6th Earl of Abercorn was born circa 1661 at Ireland.4 
Birth of Sonsay 1663 Her son William Hamilton was born say 1663. 
Death of Spouse6 Jun 1673 Her husband James Hamilton Groom of the Chamber to Charles II died on 6 Jun 1673.5 
Death of MotherNov 1691 Her mother Judith Culpeper died in Nov 1691.2 
Death*Feb 1709 She died in Feb 1709.2 
Biography* She was baptised in Hollingbourne, January 4, 1637/8, as 'Elizabeth Culpep', daughter of Sir John Culpep' and Dame Judith, his wife;' and was named in her father's will as unmarried, 1660, with provision for her portion. Her m., 1661, is noted in Collins Peerage, ed. Brydges, 1812, ii, 527, to record the fact that her son succeeded as sixth earl of Abercorn. In 1695 she recorded herself on her father's MI. as 'Elizabeth, widow of James Hamilton, late Groom of the Bed Chamber to King Charles the Second,' and was buried in Hollingbourne, February 6, 1709/10, as 'the Honourable Elizabeth Hamilton.' She had acquired in 1698 the manor of Chilston, co. Kent, and it was there that she died, aet. 72; and was succeeded by her younger son, William, who m. a dau. of Sir Thomas C.13 of Hollingbourne, and d. 1737, having served the office of Sheriff of Kent (Hasted, ii, 435). - Fairfax Harrison. 
Burial*6 Feb 1709/10 Her body was interred on 6 Feb 1709/10 at Hollingbourne Church, Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England.2 
Will12 Aug 1710 She is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 3rd Baron of Thoresway on 12 Aug 1710.6,7 
Will18 May 1717 She is mentioned in the will of Philippa Culpeper (The Younger Sister) on 18 May 1717.8,7 
Note* The connection between the modern day Culpeppers and Diana, Priness of Wales, came about from the marriage of Elizabeth Culpeperand James Hamilton and is through their son James, 6th Earl of Abercorn.
(Names referenced above include: James Hamilton Groom of the Chamber to Charles II, Sir James Hamilton 6th Earl of Abercorn). 

Family

James Hamilton Groom of the Chamber to Charles II (circa 1620 - 6 Jun 1673)
Marriage*1661 She married James Hamilton Groom of the Chamber to Charles II in 1661.2 
Children
ChartsDiana, Princess of Wales: Culpeper Ancestral Chart
The Culpepers of Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England (Possibly extinct): Descendant Chart
Last Edited21 May 2011

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Richard K. Evans, The Ancestry of Diana Princess of Wales for Twelve Generations, Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2007, Repository: Warren Culpepper's Personal Library.
  3. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    P. C. C. Nabbs, 235.
    Will dated July 3, 1660.
    Codicil dated July 9, 1660.
    Proved August 6, 1660.
  4. James Hamilton, 6th Earl of Abercorn. (2008, March 6). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:45, March 9, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Hamilton%2C_6th_Earl_of_Abercorn&oldid=196266660
  5. James Hamilton (British army officer). (2007, October 29). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:04, March 9, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Hamilton_%28British_army_officer%29&oldid=167800406
  6. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of John 3rd Lord Culpeper, dated 12 Aug 1710, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby. Image at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-1.pdf and
    http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-2.pdf.
  7. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.
  8. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of Honourable Francis Philippa Culpeper, 18 May 1717, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby from images at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/Philippa_of_KirbyCane_1720-1.pdf.

James Hamilton Groom of the Chamber to Charles II1

Male, #8942, (circa 1620 - 6 Jun 1673)
Father*Sir George Hamilton 1st Baronet, of Donalong (s 1601 - 1679)
Mother*Mary Butler2 (s 1603 - )
Birth*circa 1620 James was born at Ireland circa 1620.3 
Marriage*1661 He married Elizabeth Culpeper in 1661.4 
Will3 Jul 1660 He is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway at co. Kent, England, on 3 Jul 1660.5 
Birth of Soncirca 1661 His son Sir James Hamilton 6th Earl of Abercorn was born circa 1661 at Ireland.6 
Birth of Sonsay 1663 His son William Hamilton was born say 1663. 
Death*6 Jun 1673 He died on 6 Jun 1673.3 
Burial*Jun 1673 His body was interred in Jun 1673 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.3 
Biography* James Hamilton (c. 1620 – June 6, 1673) was an Irish courtier and soldier, the eldest son of Sir George Hamilton, 1st Baronet and Mary Butler.

Like his younger brothers, he chose a military career, and became a colonel. A favorite of Charles II, he was appointed Ranger of Hyde Park in 1660 and Groom of the Bedchamber on October 28, 1664. He was responsible for the partial enclosure of Hyde Park and its re-stocking with deer. Hamilton Place, in the vicinity of Hyde Park, is named for him.

Hamilton was known for his fine manners and dress and his gallantry. An admirer of the Countess of Chesterfield, his first cousin, he carried on a romance with her by turning her husband's suspicion on the Duke of York, only to discover that York was courting her as well.

In 1661, he married Elizabeth Colepeper, daughter of John Colepeper, 1st Baron Colepeper by his second marriage. They had three sons:
     1. James Hamilton, 6th Earl of Abercorn (c. 1661–1734)
     2. Col. George Hamilton (d. August 3, 1692, Battle of Steenkerque)
     3. William Hamilton (aft. 1662–1737), married his cousin Margaret Colepeper and had issue

Col. Hamilton had one of his legs carried away by a cannonball in a sea-fight with the Dutch (presumably the Battle of Schooneveld), and died in consequence thereof on June 6, 1673. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.3 
Note* The connection between the modern day Culpeppers and Diana, Priness of Wales, came about from the marriage of Elizabeth Culpeperand James Hamilton and is through their son James, 6th Earl of Abercorn.
(Names referenced above include: Elizabeth Culpeper, Sir James Hamilton 6th Earl of Abercorn). 

Family

Elizabeth Culpeper (circa 1637 - Feb 1709)
Marriage*1661 He married Elizabeth Culpeper in 1661.4 
Children
ChartsDiana, Princess of Wales: Culpeper Ancestral Chart
Last Edited19 Mar 2008

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Sir George Hamilton, 1st Baronet, of Donalong. (2008, March 3). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:20, March 9, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sir_George_Hamilton%2C_1st_Baronet%2C_of_Donalong&oldid=195573083
  3. James Hamilton (British army officer). (2007, October 29). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:04, March 9, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Hamilton_%28British_army_officer%29&oldid=167800406
  4. Richard K. Evans, The Ancestry of Diana Princess of Wales for Twelve Generations, Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2007, Repository: Warren Culpepper's Personal Library.
  5. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    P. C. C. Nabbs, 235.
    Will dated July 3, 1660.
    Codicil dated July 9, 1660.
    Proved August 6, 1660.
  6. James Hamilton, 6th Earl of Abercorn. (2008, March 6). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:45, March 9, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Hamilton%2C_6th_Earl_of_Abercorn&oldid=196266660

Judith Culpeper1

Female, #8943, (circa 1638 - circa 20 Nov 1691)
Father*John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway (7 Aug 1599 - 11 Jul 1660)
Mother*Judith Culpeper (c 1606 - Nov 1691)
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*circa 1638 Judith was born at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England, circa 1638. 
Baptism28 Sep 1638 She was baptized at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England, on 28 Sep 1638.  
Will3 Jul 1660 She is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway at co. Kent, England, on 3 Jul 1660.2 
Death of Father11 Jul 1660 Her father John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway died on 11 Jul 1660 at co. Kent, England.2 
Biography* She was baptised in Hollingbourne, September 28, 1638, as Judeth, the dau. of Sir John Culpep' and Dame Judith, his Lady,' is named in her father's will (1660) and, finally, was buried in Hollingbourne, November 21, 1691, as 'the Honourable Judith Culpepper.'

She remained in England during her father's long exile (Cf. the reference to her in June, 1654, in Cal. Clarendon State Papers, ii, 377), and employed her time in embroidering the elaborate decorations which are still in use in Hollingbourne church. Hasted (ii, 471) describes her work as 'a. most superb altar cloth, a pulpit cloth and cushion of purple velvet, ornamented with different figures of fruits, of pomegranet and grapes, wrought in gold, the needle work of the daughters of Sir John Colepeper... who employed themselves for almost the space of 12 years in the working of them during their father's absence abroad with Charles II.'

Alone of her family, she kept on friendly terms with her brother, the second Lord Culpeper (Cf. her letters in Notes and Queries, 2d Series, ii, 130, 177); and it was to her that he addressed his letter from Boston in 1680 (Va. Hist. Reg., iii, 189). Her name appears in the State Papers several times after 1675 in the family controversy over the 'Six Clerks' place.'

Correction and amplification by Warren Culpepper: At age 53, two years prior to her death, the spinster Judith married her second cousin, Alexander Culpeper, Surveyor General of Virginia, who was 58 and a bachelor. The marriage was on 19 Dec 1689 at St. Mary Magdalene Church, Old Fish Street, London. The couple lived in Leed's Castle with Judith's sister-in-law, Margaret, Lady Culpeper. Judith died two years later and was buried on 21 Nov 1691. On 29 Nov 1691, Alexander wrote his last will and testament, and while he had no reason at that point to mention his recently deceased wife, he did leave his interest in the Northern Neck to his deceased wife's sister-in-law, Margaret who had invited them to live with her at Leeds Castle.3  
Marriage*19 Dec 1689 She married Alexander Culpeper Surveyor General of VA at St. Mary Magdalene, Old Fish Street, London, England, on 19 Dec 1689. 
Death*circa 20 Nov 1691 She died circa 20 Nov 1691. 
Burial*21 Nov 1691 Her body was interred on 21 Nov 1691 at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England

Family

Alexander Culpeper Surveyor General of VA (1631 - 24 Dec 1694)
Marriage*19 Dec 1689 She married Alexander Culpeper Surveyor General of VA at St. Mary Magdalene, Old Fish Street, London, England, on 19 Dec 1689. 
ChartsThe Culpepers of Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England (Possibly extinct): Descendant Chart
Last Edited6 Jun 2011

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    P. C. C. Nabbs, 235.
    Will dated July 3, 1660.
    Codicil dated July 9, 1660.
    Proved August 6, 1660.
  3. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 3b.

Cheney Lord Culpeper 4th Baron of Thoresway1,2

Male, #8944, (circa 1642 - circa 18 Jun 1725)
Father*John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway2 (7 Aug 1599 - 11 Jul 1660)
Mother*Judith Culpeper2 (c 1606 - Nov 1691)
Note See the page for Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway for an article entitled "Four Lords, Not Enough Sons" which discusses the erroneous notion passed down to many modern-day Culpeppers that they are descended from Lord Culpeper of Virginia.3 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*circa 1642 Cheney was born at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England, circa 1642. 
Baptism6 Sep 1642 He was baptized at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England, on 6 Sep 1642.2  
Will3 Jul 1660 He is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway at co. Kent, England, on 3 Jul 1660.4 
Death of Father11 Jul 1660 His father John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway died on 11 Jul 1660 at co. Kent, England.4 
Death of MotherNov 1691 His mother Judith Culpeper died in Nov 1691.5 
Will18 May 1717 He is mentioned in the will of Philippa Culpeper (The Younger Sister) on 18 May 1717.6,7 
Death*circa 18 Jun 1725 He died at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England, circa 18 Jun 1725. 
Burial*19 Jun 1725 His body was interred on 19 Jun 1725 at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England.2 
Biography* He was baptised in Hollingbourne, September 6, 1642, as 'Cheney, sonne of the right honourable Sir John Culpeper, Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Dame Judith his wife;' and went to France with his brothers in 1651. In the roaring days of the Restoration he killed an officer of the guards with a blunderbuss and was pardoned only because he was brother to a peer. In 1667 he was called to the Bar (Inderwick, Inner Temple Records, iii, 49).

The only other records of him are that, surviving his brother John, he was buried in Hollingbourne, June 19, 1725, as 'Cheney, Lord Culpeper,' and was included in John's MI. by the following notice (omitted supra): "He left one Brother, Cheney, who succeeded him in Honour, a Gentleman of great worth and fine Accomplishments, who survived his brother till the year 1725, and then died in his retirement at Hoffron St. John, where he had lived many years; by which this branch of that most antiente and Knightly family became extinct."2 
ChartsThe 12th century Culpepers of England: Descendant Chart (16 generations, Males only)
The Culpepers of Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England (Possibly extinct): Descendant Chart
Last Edited9 Aug 2011

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 3b.
  3. Warren L. Culpepper (#1942), Former publisher of Culpepper Connections, e-mail address.
  4. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    P. C. C. Nabbs, 235.
    Will dated July 3, 1660.
    Codicil dated July 9, 1660.
    Proved August 6, 1660.
  5. Richard K. Evans, The Ancestry of Diana Princess of Wales for Twelve Generations, Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2007, Repository: Warren Culpepper's Personal Library.
  6. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of Honourable Francis Philippa Culpeper, 18 May 1717, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby from images at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/Philippa_of_KirbyCane_1720-1.pdf.
  7. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.

Philippa Culpeper (The Younger Sister)1

Female, #8945, (circa Feb 1650 - 1719)
Father*John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway (7 Aug 1599 - 11 Jul 1660)
Mother*Judith Culpeper (c 1606 - Nov 1691)
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*circa Feb 1650 Philippa was born at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England, circa Feb 1650. 
Baptism14 Feb 1650 She was baptized at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England, on 14 Feb 1650.2  
Will3 Jul 1660 She is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway at co. Kent, England, on 3 Jul 1660.3 
Death of Father11 Jul 1660 Her father John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway died on 11 Jul 1660 at co. Kent, England.3 
Death of MotherNov 1691 Her mother Judith Culpeper died in Nov 1691.4 
Will12 Aug 1710 She is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 3rd Baron of Thoresway on 12 Aug 1710.5,6 
Biography* She was baptised in Hollingbourne, February 14, 1649/50, as 'Dame Phillip Culpeper, daughter of the Rt. Hon'ble John Culpeper, Baron of Thoresway, and Dame Judith his wife;' and is named in her father's will with provision for her education until 18. In 1675 she was brought into the family controversy over the 'six clerk place' (Cal. State Papers, Dom., 1675-76, p. 294), but there is no further record of her until her death.7 
Will*18 May 1717 She made a will on 18 May 1717.

Will of Honourable Francis Philippa Culpeper, 18 May 1717
In the name of God Amen.
     I Philippa Culpeper being in good health of Body and of Sound mind and perfect mind and memory Do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following my Soul I Surrender to Almighty God that created me hoping through the merits, Death and passion of my Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ to have full and free pardon of all my sins and to inherit everlasting life and
     my Body I commit to the Earth to be privately and decently buried at the discretion of my Executor whom I hereby appoint to be my Nephew John Hamilton, Esquire the eldest Son and Heir Apparent of my Nephew William Hamilton (William Hamilton) of Chilson in the Parish of Boughton Malherbe in Kent the youngest son of my Sister the Honourable Elizabeth Hamilton, Widow (Elizabeth Culpeper) deceased and as concerning the disposition of my moneys with which it hath pleased Almighty God by his good providence to bless me. I do give and dispose thereof and of the rest of my Worldly goods as followeth.
     My moneys which I have placed out at interest and most of it upon Land Securities are Nineteen Hundred pounds and I have also besides this Nineteen Hundred Pounds & Forty Pounds a year Annuity paid out of the Exchequer settled upon the fund of Ninety Nine years which I purchased in 1704 and for which I paid just Six Hundred and Twenty Pounds.
     Item, I do will and require that all my debts and funeral charges shall be first paid and as soon as maybe conscientiously discharged.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my Brother John Lord Culpeper (John Lord Culpeper 3rd Baron of Thoresway) the sum of One Hundred Pounds to be paid within six months after my decease.
     Item, I do give and bequest unto my sister Culpeper (Frances Culpeper) my aforesaid Brother John Lord Culpeper's Lady my Brilliant Diamond ring for the little finger worth about Twenty and Five pounds which Brilliant Diamond ring I desire my said sister, Culpeper will get it made fit and now set it and wear it for my sake.
     Item, I do give and bequeath for the use of my Brother Cheney Culpeper (Cheney Lord Culpeper 4th Baron of Thoresway) the sum of Two Hundred Pounds which I do hereby order and appoint my aforesaid Executor my Nephew John Hamilton to receive but in Trust only and for the use of my said Brother Chaney Culpeper until my said Executor shall have laid out the said Two Hundred Pounds to purchase an Annuity of about Twenty Pounds a year for my said Brother during his natural life: And I do hereby order and appoint that my aforesaid Executor my Nephew John Hamilton shall within a year after my decease purchase with the said Two Hundred Pounds an Annuity of about Twenty Pounds a year for my said Brother Cheney Culpeper to be paid unto him yearly during his natural life, but if my aforesaid Executor my Nephew John Hamilton shall chose rather than himself to pay unto my said Brother an Annuity of Twenty Pounds a year during my said Brother Cheney Culpeper's natural life, in that case my aforesaid Executor my Nephew John Hamilton shall keep the above mentioned Two Hundred Pounds for his own use for ever provided and upon this Condition that within less than a year after my Decease my said Nephew John Hamilton do make and give unto my said Brother Cheney Culpeper's deed of surety drawn up by a good Lawyer and to my said Brother's satisfaction and signed, sealed and well witnessed and wherein my said Executor my Nephew John Hamilton shall oblige both himself and his heirs Executors and Assigns perpetually to pay unto my said Brother Cheney Culpeper the aforesaid Twenty Pounds a year during my said Brother's natural life by half yearly payments and when this said Deed of surety is given to my said Brother Cheney Culpeper then after that the aforesaid Two Hundred Pounds shall be my aforesaid Nephew John Hamilton's own money and to remain for my said Nephew's own use and benefit for ever.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my said Nephew James Hamilton now Earl of Abercorn (Sir James Hamilton 6th Earl of Abercorn) the Eldest Son of my Dear Sister the Honourable Elizabeth Hamilton, Widow deceased the sum of one Hundred pounds to be paid within six months after my Decease.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my Niece the Lady Philippa Hamilton who is my Goddaughter and the third Daughter of my aforesaid Nephew James Hamilton now Earl of Abercorn the sum of Five Hundred Pounds to be paid unto my aforesaid Niece within six months after my Decease either unto her own self or unto whoemsoever my said Niece the said Lady Hamilton shall order and appoint to receive the said Five Hundred Pounds either in England or in Ireland: And as to my Forty Pounds a year hereabove mentioned and which I now have in the Exchequer (upon the fund for ninety nine years) and for which said Annuity I paid into the Exchequer Six Hundred and Twenty pounds. I do hereby give and bequeath the aforesaid Annuity of forty pounds a year and the principle moneys of it when ever it shall be sold or transferred in this manner following,
     Item, first I do require Order and appoint my aforesaid Executor my Nephew John Hamilton deliver and give into the hands of his father my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson The Talleys and the Order and whatsoever yet more appertains to the aforesaid Annuity of Forty Pounds a year out of the Exchequer: And I do hereby desire, order and appoint my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson to take the care thereof half of the said Annuity of forty pounds a year being for his own and for my Niece Margarett Hamilton his Nieces use and the other half of the aforesaid Annuity of Forty Pounds a year being in Trust for the use of my aforesaid Nephews second Son my Nephew George Hamilton and for the use and in trust for my aforesaid Nephews third Son my Nephew Thomas Hamilton: And I do hereby order and appoint my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson to calculate and devise the aforesaid Annuity of forty pounds a year out of the Exchequer into six parts which said, six parts I give hereby Bequeath and dispose of as followeth,
     Item, two parts of the said six parts I do give and bequeath unto my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson for his own use for ever.
     Item, one sixth part of the said six parts I do give and bequeath unto my Niece Margarett Hamilton of Chilson (Margaret Culpeper) my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson's Wife for my said Nieces own use for ever.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my aforesaid Nephew George Hamilton the second Son of my said Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson one sixth part of the said six parts of the said Annuity of Forty Pounds a year out of the Exchequer which I do estimate to be now worth about a Hundred Pounds And therefore I do order and hereby appoint my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson his father to pay within six months after my Decease unto his second son my aforesaid Nephew George Hamilton the sum of One hundred pounds instead of this before mentioned sixth part of the said Annuity of forty pounds a year out of the Exchequer because my said Nephew George Hamilton being a Merchant he having this aforesaid hundred pounds paid him within six months in ready money it may be some small benefit to my Nephew George Hamilton by way of Trade and after my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson his Father shall have (within six months after my Decease) actually paid according to this my Order and Appointment the aforesaid sum of One hundred pounds unto his second Son my aforesaid Nephew George Hamilton Then my Will and pleasure is that the aforesaid one sixth part of my before mentioned Annuity of Forty Pounds a year( out of the Exchequer) do remain to the use and benefit of my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson for ever, not with standing my having before (in this my Will Bequested) the aforesaid sixth part of this my said Annuity unto my Nephew George Hamilton his second Son.
     Item, I do further give and bequeath two sixth parts of the aforesaid Annuity of Forty Pounds a year out of the Exchequer unto my Nephew Thomas Hamilton the third Son of my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson which two said six parts I do hereby require and appoint my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson his father to give and transfer into the hands of my aforesaid Nephew Thomas Hamilton's own possession as soon as he shall have attained the age of Thirty years or the day of his marriage whichsoever shall first happen: And provided my aforesaid Nephew Thomas Hamilton do marry with the consent of his Father and Mother or the Supervisor of them and in the mean time until his age of Thirty years or day of Marriage with consent as aforesaid I do hereby order and appoint my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson his father himself to receive from time to time out of the Exchequer the yearly income of those two sixth parts of this my aforesaid Annuity of Forty Pounds a year out of the Exchequer which will be between Twelve and Thirteen pounds a year which I desire my said Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson his Father will apply for the use of my Nephew Thomas Hamilton to help towards his support and maintenance: And I do hereby further order, appoint and empower my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson the uses aforesaid either to sell and transfer the aforesaid Annuity of Forty Pounds a year out of the Exchequer or continue it there as it is now just according as my said Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson shall think fit and best for the benefit of both himself my Niece his Wife and his two Sons. It being my true intent and meaning that my aforesaid Nephew shall have the whole power and management of both the principle and Income of my aforesaid Annuity of Forty Pounds a year out of the Exchequer settled upon the fund of Ninety Nine years and to be by my said Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson Divided into six parts for the uses aforementioned according as I have in this Will given and bequeathed it: And if it should happen that my said Nephew Thomas Hamilton should die unmarried before he should have attained unto thirty years of Age, in that case I do hereby give and bequeath the Reversion of the aforesaid Two sixth parts of my said Annuity of forty pounds a year out of the Exchequer unto his father my Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson to remain for his own use and benefit for ever.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my Niece Margarett Hamilton of Chilson the Wife of my Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson my pearl pendants sett with only two very large fine Pearls and two Crosslets each of three Diamonds' the pendants cost just Twenty Pounds Viz, the two fine Scotch Pearls cost Twelve Pounds and the six Diamonds in the two Crosslets cost Eight Pounds and my Dear Sister the Honourable Elizabeth Hamilton gave me these pendants some years before her Decease.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my Niece Elizabeth Hamilton the only Daughter of my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson the sum of Five Hundred Pounds to be paid unto her at her day of marriage and not before: And provided my said Niece do marry wit the consent of here Father and Mother or the Survivor of them: And I do hereby order and appoint my Executor(who as before mentioned in this my Will is my Nephew John Hamilton within six months after my Decease to pay the aforesaid sum of Five Hundred Pounds unto my Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson his father whom I do hereby order and appoint to take care thereof in Trust for his Daughter my aforesaid Niece Elizabeth Hamilton and to pay the said Five Hundred Pounds unto my said Niece at her day of Marriage wit consent as aforesaid and not before and in the mean time until the day of my said Nieces Marriage with Consents asforesaid. I do hereby give and bequeath all the interest and profits that shall be made of the said Five Hundred Pounds unto her father my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson from time to time for my said Nephews own use and benefit and if it should happen that my said Niece Elizabeth Hamilton should die before her day of Marriage, in that case I do hereby give and bequeath the Reversion of the aforesaid Five Hundred Pounds unto her father my said Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson to remain for my said Nephews own use and benefit for ever.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my Nephew John Hamilton the Eldest Son and Heir apparent of my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson who is my Executor the sum of Three Hundred Pounds.
     Item, I do further give and Bequeath unto my aforementioned my Nephew John Hamilton for the use of my said Nephews Wife my Niece Mary Hamilton and for my said Niece to wear my two Diamond Bars sett with nine large Diamonds worth about Two Hundred Pounds which Nine large Diamonds my Dear Sister the Honourable Elizabeth Hamilton gave me several years before her Decease.
     Item, I do also further give and bequeath unto my aforesaid Executor my Nephew John Hamilton for the use of my Niece Mary Hamilton his Wife for her to wear my Gold Sterling Watch with a Gold chain to it and a Gold seal sett very curiously round with very small Diamonds which all together cost Seventy odd Pounds and was given me by my Sister the Honourable Elizabeth Hamilton, my said Nephews dear Grandmother in her Will.
     Item, I do further give and bequeath unto my aforesaid Nephew John Hamilton my two Oval pictures; one of them is a copy of a picture of my said Nephew's Grandfather my Brother Hamilton and the other is my Dear Sister Hamilton's own picture both these pictures I saw drawn by one Mrs Trebutee an Italian painter.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my said Niece Mary Hamilton the Wife of my Executor of my Executor my aforesaid Nephew John Hamilton my Diamond Bauble for a Girdle which is sett with twelve Diamonds which are worth about Twenty Pounds or more.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my Niece Elizabeth Hamilton the Eldest Daughter of my Executor my before mentioned Nephew John Hamilton my Diamond Ear Rings of which the two Diamonds weigh about eleven grams and a half and they cost me about Sixty Pounds and are now worth much more and the said Diamond Ear Rings I do hereby order and appoint my said Executor my Nephew John Hamilton to deliver into the hands of his Wife my Niece Mary Hamilton whom I do order and appoint for her to keep the said Diamond Ear Rings in Trust for her eldest Daughter my aforesaid young Niece Elizabeth Hamilton until her age of Eighteen years and in the meantime I desire and hereby order my Niece Mary Hamilton her Mother to use and wear then herself: And if my said Niece Elizabeth Hamilton her Daughter should happen to die before she shall have attained the age of Eighteen years, in that case I do hereby give and bequeath the Resertion of the aforesaid Diamond Ear Rings unto my said Niece Mary Hamilton my said young Niece Elizabeth Hamilton's Mother.
     Item, I do in the manner aforesaid give and bequeath unto my aforesaid young niece Elizabeth Hamilton the Eldest Daughter of my before mentioned Nephew John Hamilton my Jappen Toilet with all the Silver plate that belongs to it and all the other Appurtances that belong to this Toilet which altogether cost about Fifty Pounds and
     Item, I do also give and bequeath yet further unto my before mentioned young Niece Elizabeth Hamilton my aforesaid Executor my Nephew John Hamilton's Eldest Daughter my Old Gold Watch with the Chain thereunto belonging which is set with Fifty one small Diamonds which cost me about six Shillings apiece and there is also sett in the top of the Chain seven small but right Rubies which are of some little Value there is also Six very little Garnets in this chain but they are worth nothing.
     Item, I do yet further give and bequeath unto my aforesaid young Niece Elizabeth Hamilton the Eldest Daughter of my said Executor my Nephew John Hamilton my Green Emerald Ring for the middle finger sett with a Diamond underside six of the Emeralds this Ring cost Ten Pounds: And I also give unto my aforesaid young Niece Elizabeth Hamilton my Ring for the little finger which is sett quite round with Eleven small flat table Diamonds, both these Rings I do appoint my said Executor my Nephew John Hamilton to give into the hands of his Wife my Niece Mary Hamilton to keep for her aforesaid young Daughter and to give unto my said young niece Elizabeth Hamilton her Daughter when she is about Sixteen or Eighteen years of age or and in the mean time my aforesaid Niece Mary Hamilton her Mother may be pleased to make use of these said two Rings and wear them herself, if my said niece Mary Hamilton shall think fit and worth her wearing.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my Aunt Culpeper (Alicia Culpeper) the Widow of my dear Uncle Sir Thomas Culpeper of Hollingbourne (Sir Thomas Culpeper of Hollingbourne, Knight) parsonage in Kent the sum of Twenty and Five pounds.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my Cousin William Culpeper of Hollingbourne in Kent (William Culpeper of Hollingbourne) the Eldest son of my said Uncle Sir Thomas Culpeper the sum of Twenty pounds.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto the best of friends my ever good Lady Turner of Kirkby Court in Norfolk the sum of fifty pounds.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my very good friend Sir Charles Turner of Barham in Norfolk the sum of Twenty pounds.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto Mrs Ann Turner the Oldest Daughter of the said Sir Charles Turner of Barham in Norfolk the sum of Ten Pounds.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto Mrs Elizabeth Turner the second Daughter of the said Sir Charles Turner of Barham in Norfolk the sum of Ten Pounds.
     Item, I do give and bequest unto my Cousin Paulina Flood the Widow of Otteredge in Bearstead in Kent the sum of Ten Pounds.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto Mrs Elizabeth Cary the Widow of Mr Thomas Cary whose maiden name was North the sum of Five pounds,
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto Mr George Farfson ( who has served my Dear Sister Hamilton and since the whole family above for Thirty years, the sum of Ten Pounds.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my young Godson Mr Charles Baker the Second Son now living of Mr Abraham Baker Minister of the Parish of Kirkby Cane in Norfolk the sum of Ten Pounds to be paid to the said Mr Abraham Baker to keep for his said Son Charles Baker until his said Father shall think fit to give it unto his Son my said Godson Charles Baker.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my own Maid who ever she be that lives with me and waits upon me by way of a Servant at the time of my Death the sum of Ten Pounds as also Five Pounds more to put my said Servant Maid into mourning to be bought now for her.
     Item, I do give and bequeath for the use of Mrs Elizabeth Hemblon of Bunggey in Suffolk whose maiden name was Flowerdewe and who lived with me as my Servant near Twelve Years, I say I do give and bequeath for her own use the sum of Twenty Pounds and also I do give and bequeath for the use of Charles Hemblon the son of the said Mrs Elizabeth Hemblon and who is my Godson the sum of Ten Pounds and both these two sums of Twenty Pounds and of Ten Pounds I do hereby order and appoint my aforesaid Executor my Nephew John Hamilton to pay unto the before mentioned Sir Charles Turner of Barham in Norfolk: And I desire that Sir Charles Turner as an Act of goodness and charity will be pleased I say as an act of very great goodwill and Charity will be pleased to keep and manage the said Twenty Pounds in Trust and for the use of the said Mrs Elizabeth Hemblen and also the said Ten Pounds in Trust also for the use of Charles Hemblen my Cousin: And I do further desire that the Sir Charles Turner will be pleased also at the trouble to lay out those two aforesaid sums either altogether or in parcels from time to time according as Sir Charles Turner shall think fit and must for the advantage of the said Mrs Elizabeth Hemblen and for her said Son my Godson Charles Hemblen, but I will not that Mr Peter Hemblen of Bunggey the said Mrs Elizabeth Hemblon's Husband shall have any part at all of these Two said Legacy's nor shall he concern himself to meddle with or about the said Twenty Pounds not with this said Ten Pounds for if he does, in that case my Will and pleasure is that this said Twenty Pounds Legacy for the use of his said Wife Elizabeth Hemblen and also the said Ten Pounds Legary for the use of his Son Charles Hemblon my Godson shall be utterly said.
     Item, I do give and Bequeath unto the poor in Norfolk or Suffolk the sum of Twenty Pounds which I do hereby order and appoint my aforesaid Executor to pay also unto the before mentioned Sir Charles Turner of Barham in Norfolk who I desire and appoint that with the said Twenty Pounds Sir Charles Turner will be pleased to bind out either in Norfolk or in Suffolk two very poor Children of honest parents Apprentices unto good useful Trades, but I desire that either of the two poor Children that shall be bound out Apprentices nor their parents may be such as take any Alms of the parish or are helped to be maintained by the parish for to Bind out ant such. I do not account it Charity.
     Item, I do further give and bequeath unto the poor the sum of Ten Pounds more, which Ten Pounds I do order and appoint my Executor therewith to bind out some poor boy of Honest Parents who belong to and live in the Parish of Hollingbourne.
     Item, I do further give and bequeath to be distributed to the poor in whatsoever parish I shall happen to die the sum of Five Pounds.
     Item, whatsoever ready monies I shall have by me and also all the interest money that shall be due unto me at the day of me Decease all those monies I do order and appoint towards the payment of the Legaries here bequeathed in this my Will and also the payment of my Debts and the charges of my Burial which I desire may be no more than is necessary for a decent and private funeral. All the rest and residue of my personal Estate whatsoever and all my plate which I have not herein nor shall use thereafter give away in any Codicil I do hereby give and bequeath unto my before mentioned Executor my Nephew John Hamilton for his own use and benefit: and of this my last Will and Testament I do hereby make, Constitute and appoint my before mentioned Nephew John Hamilton the Eldest Son and Heir Apparent of my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson in Kent my sole Executor who I desire and am very confident will be very punctual in performing and executing thereof in every particular.
     Now I the said Phillipa Culpeper having read over and seriously considered this my last Will and Testament do allow, ratify and publish the same to be my last Will and Testament, but provided always that any Codicil that I shall make either now or hereafter under my hand and Seal shall be also part of this my last Will and Testament.
     In witness whereof I the said Phillipa Culpeper to this my last Will and Testament containing four sheets of paper besides my Codicil (and all of them written in my own hand) have hereunto sett my Hand and Seal the is Eighteenth day of May in the year of Our Lord God.. One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventeen (18 May 1717).
     Phillipa Culpeper
     Signed, Sealed and Published to be the last Will and Testament of Mrs Phillipa Culpeper in the presence of us Samuel Belcher, Edward Rowland, Thomas Pirke, Mary Goodwyn, John Janes.8,6 
Will18 May 1717 She made a will on 18 May 1717.

First Codicil
Be it Known unto All Men.
     By these here present that Whereas I Philippa Culpeper have made and Declared my last Will and Testament in Writing and signed and sealed and bearing date the Eighteenth day of May in the year of our Lord God One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventeen. I the said Philippa Culpeper by this present Codicil confirm and ratify my said last Will and Testament And my true intent and meaning is that this Codicil be also adjusted to be part of my last Will and Testament.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my good Lady Turner of Kirby Cane in Norfolk now the Wife of Sir Charles Turner of Barham in Norfolk All my furniture that is in my Chamber in the said Lady Turners house in Kirby Cane in Norfolk Viz my now grown old Norwich Camlet Bed lined with yellow thread Satin, my hangings called English stitched Waxen and my eight Chairs, My Window Curtains, my Olive Wood Chest of drawers, my Jappan Corner Cupboard, my great English Jappan Lookinglass that hangs up over the Toilet Table, my brass fire hearth five shovels and tongs, Walnut tree wood Cabinet and all that can be accounted furniture that I bought and put into my said Chamber of Kirby Cane all this and any other furniture that I shall hereafter buy. I do hereby order and appoint my Executor my Nephew John Hamilton to give in my aforesaid Chamber in Kirby Cane in Norfolk after my Decease for the use of my said good Lady Turner and I wish it were better and not so very old.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto the said Mrs Elizabeth Cary, Widow of Mr Thomas Cary of Bunggey whose Maiden name is North my right sable Tippet and my right Sable Muff and I desire the said Mrs Elizabeth Cary to wear them for my sake.
     Item, I do give and bequeath unto my said Maid who ever she be that lives with me and that waits upon me by way of a Servant all my wearing Clothes and all my wearing Linen (my aforesaid Sable Tippet and sable Muff excepted) to be delivered unto her by my Executor as soon as conscientiously may be after my Decease, and
     Whereas in my aforesaid last Will and Testament I have made my Nephew John Hamilton the Eldest Son and Heir Apparent of my before mentioned Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson in Kent my sole Executor. I do hereby confirm the same and do now here again make and constitute and appoint my aforesaid Nephew John Hamilton the Eldest Son and Heir Apparent of my said Nephew William of Chilson in Kent my sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament and also of this my Codicil which is part of my said Will and Testament.
     And if I should happen to die in Norfolk I do hereby Order and appoint that my body should be Buried in my Lady Turners Vault that is in the Parish of Kirby Cane in Norfolk, my good Lady Turner aforesaid of Kirby Cane in Norfolk having already freely given me leave to be buried in her Lady's own Vault in the aforesaid Church, And if my aforesaid Executor my Nephew John Hamilton cannot conscientiously come so far as Norfolk soon enough after my Decease to take the care of my Burial In that case I do hereby appoint and do desire of the Relations or Friends (with whom I shall then live and be with) that they will take the trouble of ordering my funeral And I do further appoint and desire that my said Relations or Friends will take care that my Body may be wrapped up all over round the Coffin in a thick large sheet of lead and so be Buried decently and privately in the aforesaid Lady Turners vault in the Parish Church of Kirby in Norfolk, And if at the time of my Decease I should happen not to have ready money enough by me for to bury me in that case I desire of the Relations or Friends with whom I shall then be to disburse what further moneys shall be wanting, And I do hereby order and appoint my aforesaid Executor my Nephew John Hamilton to repay immediately as soon as maybe whatsoever my said Relations or friends shall have further paid out and disbursed towards the charges of my funeral.
     And I do hereby yet further desire of my said Executor my Nephew John Hamilton the Eldest Son and Heir Apparent of my before mentioned Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson in Kent that this is my Codicil being also part of my last Will and Testament may be very punctually performed also in every particular thereof in Witness whereof the said Philippa Culpeper have sett my hand and seal this Eighteenth day of May in the year of our Lord God One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventeen. (18 May 1717)
     Philippa Culpeper
     Signed, Sealed and deliverd to be part of the last Will and Testament of Mrs Philippa Culpeper in the presence of us. Samuel Belcher, Edward Rouland, Thomas Pirke, Mary Goodwyn, John Danes.9,6 
Will15 May 1719 She made a will on 15 May 1719.

Second codicil
Whereas I did make my Last Will and Testament and Signed and Sealed it upon the Eighteenth day of May One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventeen And did in my said last Will and Testament give and bequeath unto my Niece Elizabeth Hamilton the only Daughter of my Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson in the County of Kent Esquire the sum of Five Hundred Pounds to be paid unto here at her day of Marriage and not before provided my said Niece Elizabeth Hamilton do marry with the consent of her Father and Mother or the Survivor of them the profits and interest of the said Five Hundred Pounds to be received by my said Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson in Kent, Esq. Her Father for his own use and benefit until the day of marriage of my said Niece Elizabeth Hamilton. Now I do hereby by this my second Codicil which is also part of my aforesaid last Will and Testament revoke this said Legary therein mentioned of Five Hundred Pounds which I gave to my Niece Elizabeth Hamilton in my said Will and Testament made and Signed the 18th day of May 1717 by reason my aforesaid Niece Elizabeth Hamilton is lately married to my Cousin Edwin Stede of Stede Hill in the County of Kent Esquire and because my said Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson in the said County of Kent, Esq. Father to my said Niece Elizabeth Hamilton (Elizabeth Hamilton) now Mrs Elizabeth Stede hath promised to pay into the said Edwin Stede Esq. (Edwyn Stede) her Husband the sum of Two Thousand Pounds for a portion for his Daughter on his making her a good jointure and settlement on the Children he may have by my true meaning and desire being always to have given to my said Niece Elizabeth Hamilton Now my Niece Mrs Elizabeth Stede the sum of Five Hundred Pounds after my death as a mark of my kindness on her Marrying with her Fathers and Mothers consent to be added to what my said William Hamilton her Father designed to give his said daughter in order to prefer my said Niece in Marriage in Consideration that my said Nephew William Hamilton hath promised to give Edwin Stede Esq. Husband to my said Niece Mrs Stede the sum of Two Thousand Pounds as a portion I say as a portion for his said Daughter when a Jointure and Settlements maybe made on her and their Children he may have by here I say therefore t do hereby Will and Bequeath unto my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson in the County of Kent Esq. the aforesaid sum of Five Hundred Pounds which I made Signed, Sealed and Executed the Eight day of May One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventeen unto my then Niece Elizabeth Hamilton but now my Niece Mrs Elizabeth Stede for my said Nephew's own use and benefit for ever besides any other Legary which I have given unto my said Nephew William Hamilton in the aforesaid last Will and Testament bearing date the 18th May 1717 the better to enable my said Nephew William Hamilton Esq. to pay unto my Cousin Edwin Stede Esq. the aforesaid Two Thousand pounds which my said Nephew promised him for my Niece Mrs Elizabeth Stede his Wives portion and I design that this said Five Hundred Pounds which I have therefore in the this Codicil given unto my aforesaid Nephew William Hamilton Esq. shall be part of the aforesaid Two Thousand pounds which my said Nephew hath promised to pay unto my said Cousin Edwin Stede Esq. upon making a Jointure and Settlement upon his Wife my now Niece Elizabeth Stede. And I do hereby Will and require that this my second Codicil shall be adjudged as really, it is my true intent and meaning that it is and shall be part of my last Will and Testament which I made Signed, Sealed and executed the 18th day of May 1717.
     In Witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seal this Fifteenth day of May One Thousand Seven Hundred and Nineteen. (15 May 1719)
     Philippa Culpeper
     Signed, Sealed and executed and published as a second Codicil to be part of the last Will and Testament of Mrs Philippa Culpeper in the presence of us William Spence, Dal: Boyles, Giles Hogg, Mary Powell.

Additional item due to an omission:
     Item having Omitted to set down in my Will what however I assigned I do hereby give and bequeath unto my Niece Elizabeth Hamilton the only Daughter of my Nephew William Hamilton of Chilson the sum of Twenty Pounds to be paid unto my said Niece within six months after my Decease by my Executor my before mentioned Nephew John Hamilton who hath faithfully promised me to pay the Legary of Twenty Pounds to his Sister aforesaid my Niece Elizabeth Hamilton although it is not mentioned neither in my Will not in my Codicil but this Lease shall be joined to my Codicil which my said Executor must Account to be the very same thing as if it were written in the Codicil or in the Will Witness my hand and Seal to this Legary to my said Niece this day the Eighteenth day of May in the year of Our Lord God One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventeen. Philippa Culpeper.

23rd June 1720.Appeared Personally John Hamilton of Lenham in the County of Kent, Esquire and being sworn upon the Holy Exchange Lists to depose the truth and depose that he knew and was well acquainted with the Honourable Philippa Culpeper late of Kirby Cane in the County of Norfolk, Spinster Deceased for several years before and to the time of her Death (he being her Nephew and Executor) and with the manner and Character of her handwriting he having often seen her write and revised Letters from her and he having now seen and perused the proper writing or Codicil here unto annexed (beginning thus, Viz : Item having omitted to set down in my Will what however I designed.


I do hereby give and bequeath unto my Niece Elizabeth Hamilton & also ending thus, Viz: Witness my hand and Seals to this Legary to my said Niece this Eighteenth day of May in the year of our Lord God. One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventeen,
Philippa Culpeper.
Verily believes the same to be all of the proper hand writing of the said Philippa Culpeper.
John Hamilton Die pradit dirtus Johnes Hamilton jurat fuit super deritate premissorum corum me L. Kinaston Surd prasdute Thomas Eyles Fuul N.J.6,10 
Death*1719 She died in 1719. 
Burial*1719 Her body was interred in 1719 at Kirby Cane, co. Norfolk, England.7 
Probate1719 Probate action was taken on Philippa's estate in 1719 at co. Kent, England,

P.C.C. 132 Shaller.7 
ChartsThe Culpepers of Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England (Possibly extinct): Descendant Chart
Last Edited6 Jun 2011

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 3b.
  3. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    P. C. C. Nabbs, 235.
    Will dated July 3, 1660.
    Codicil dated July 9, 1660.
    Proved August 6, 1660.
  4. Richard K. Evans, The Ancestry of Diana Princess of Wales for Twelve Generations, Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2007, Repository: Warren Culpepper's Personal Library.
  5. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of John 3rd Lord Culpeper, dated 12 Aug 1710, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby. Image at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-1.pdf and
    http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-2.pdf.
  6. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.
  7. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm.
  8. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of Honourable Francis Philippa Culpeper, 18 May 1717, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby from images at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/Philippa_of_KirbyCane_1720-1.pdf.
  9. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    First Codicil (dated 18 May 1717) to the Will of Honourable Francis Philippa Culpeper, 18 May 1717, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby from images at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/Philippa_of_KirbyCane_1720-2.pdf.
  10. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Second Codicil (dated 15 May 1719) to the Will of Honourable Francis Philippa Culpeper, 18 May 1717, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby from images at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/Philippa_of_KirbyCane_1720-3.pdf.

Francis Culpeper1

Male, #8946, (1652 - 1663)
Father*John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway2 (7 Aug 1599 - 11 Jul 1660)
Mother*Judith Culpeper2 (c 1606 - Nov 1691)
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*1652 Francis was born at Abroad in 1652. 
Will3 Jul 1660 He is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway at co. Kent, England, on 3 Jul 1660.3 
Death of Father11 Jul 1660 His father John Lord Culpeper 1st Baron of Thoresway died on 11 Jul 1660 at co. Kent, England.3 
Death*1663 He died in 1663. 
Burial*1 Nov 1663 His body was interred on 1 Nov 1663 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.2 
Biography* He is the only one of his generation of whom there is no record in Hollingbourne. Evidently born abroad after his mother had rejoined her husband for the exile, he made his first appearance in his father's will as 'my son Francis,' with recitation of a settlement which was to be ineffective 'if he die under 21.' He was then entered at Westminster School; where the name F. Culpeper' is inscribed on one of the monumental lists of Captains of the School between 1653 and 1682 (Welch, Queen's Scholars of Westminster, 1852; p. 532).

He was buried in the cloisters of Westminster Abbey, November 1. 1663, as Francis Culpeper, one of the King's scholars' (Chester, Westminster Burials, Harl. Soc. Pub., x, p. 159, where Col. Chester conjectures that he was a son of the second Lord Culpeper).

His name was not included in the list of children surviving their father on the first Lord Culpeper's MI; but as that record was not made until 1695, it is apparent that Francis' survivorship had then been forgotten.2 
ChartsThe 12th century Culpepers of England: Descendant Chart (16 generations, Males only)
The Culpepers of Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England (Possibly extinct): Descendant Chart
Last Edited6 Jun 2011

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 3b.
  3. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    P. C. C. Nabbs, 235.
    Will dated July 3, 1660.
    Codicil dated July 9, 1660.
    Proved August 6, 1660.

Margaretta van Hesse1

Female, #8947, (12 Jan 1635 - circa 10 May 1710)
Father*Jan van Hesse Seigneur de Persehill and Wena (s 1599 - )
Mother*Catharina van Cats (s 1601 - )
Name Variation She was also known as Margaret. 
Birth*12 Jan 1635 Margaretta was born on 12 Jan 1635. 
Marriage*3 Aug 1659 She married Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway at The Hague, Holland, on 3 Aug 1659 at age 24.2 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Married Name3 Aug 1659  As of 3 Aug 1659, her married name was Dame Margaret Culpeper Baroness of Thoresway. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Will29 Nov 1691 She is mentioned in the will of Alexander Culpeper Surveyor General of VA on 29 Nov 1691.3,4 
Will*8 May 1710 She made a will on 8 May 1710.

Margaret Lady Culpeper, widow, Baroness Dowager of Thoresway. To be bur. in prsh. church of Bromfield, to be carried from Leeds Castle to sd. church on shoulders of six of my own servants, coffin to be bought at Maidstone, not more than £3 in price, 6 yards of black cloth to be laid on coffin & afterwards given to six poor women of sd. prsh. To my grandson Thomas Lord Fairfax (Thomas Fairfax Sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron) £4,000 due to me on malt tickets, also my sixth part of the Virginia estate. To my granddaur. Margaret Fairfax (Margaret Fairfax) my £3,000 stock in Bank of England, but if she marry without consent of Katherine Lady Fairfax (Catherine Culpeper) her mother & my nephew George Sayers esq. or die before marriage, sd. £3,000 stock to sd. grandson Thomas Lord Fairfax. To said granddaur. my great necklace of pearl etc. To my granddaur. Katherine Fairfax (Catherine Fairfax.)5 moneys due to me from her mother-about £800, also silver chamber pot (sic). To my granddaur. Margaret, silver basin. Rest of goods to my daur. Katherine Lady Fairfax & she to be exctrix. Signed M. Culpeper, Witns. John Brisenden, Richard Filmer, D. Fuller.

Prob. by Catherine Lady Fairfax, widow, daur. & extrix.] 
Death*circa 10 May 1710 She died at Leeds Castle, Leeds, co. Kent, England, circa 10 May 1710.5 
Burial*12 May 1710 Her body was interred on 12 May 1710 at Broomfield, co. Kent, England
Biography* In a private act of Parliament passed in August, 1663 (12 Car. II, c. 12; House of Lords MS; Cf. list of private acts in Ruffhead, iii) to naturalise the foreign born wives brought home from the exile by several of the cavaliers, she was described as 'Margaret Lady Culpeper, wife of the Right Honourable Thomas Lord Culpeper, Baron of Thoresway... said Margaret [being born] also at The Hague [in Holland]... said ladies being protestants.' The Dutch genealogist already cited describes her father as 'lord of Piershall and Wena, nobleman of the house of the Prince of Orange,' her mother as 'Catharina van Cats;' and says that her elder sister Charlotte (1629-1716) m. 1655 Thomas Killigrew the poet, and after the Restoration became a Lady of the Privy Chamber to Charles II's queen. Mr. Wykeham-Martin (Leeds Castle, p. 171) had access to Lady Culpeper's marriage-settlement, which unfortunately he did not print for it has since been lost, and from it quotes the description of her father as 'Sieur jean de Hesse, Chevalier, en son vivant Seigneur de Pierschil et Wena, et judge des Eaux et Forets de Holland et West Frize, Captaine de Cavalerie au service de Monseigneurs les Etats Generaux des Provinces Unies.' In the Leeds Castle family bible George William Fairfax, writing long after Lady Culpeper's death, recorded her as 'youngest daughter and heir of the Seigneur jean de Hesse, of the noble family of Hesse of Bergen near Cologne.' Burnaby translates this into 'a princess of the house of Hesse Cassel.' The family of Hesse maintained, in several branches, a minor sovereignty on the banks of the Rhine from the middle ages to the time of Napoleon; but it is apparent from the descriptions quoted above that the father of Margaret Lady Culpeper, while of that breeding, was modestly cadet, and not at all princely. To this judgment should be added Lady Culpeper's own testimony after her husband's death (Hist. MS. Comm., House of Lords MS., 1689-90, p. 434) that she brought him 'a very great fortune with which he purchased a very considerable estate of inheritance in fee simple.6
Will12 Aug 1710 She is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 3rd Baron of Thoresway on 12 Aug 1710.7,8 

Family

Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway (circa 1635 - 27 Jan 1689)
Marriage*3 Aug 1659 She married Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway at The Hague, Holland, on 3 Aug 1659 at age 24.2 
Child
Last Edited15 Jun 2011

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 3c.
  3. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Image of will at: /archives/uk/wills/images/Alexander_of_Hollingbourne_1695.pdf.
  4. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    P.C.C. Irby, 3., Will dated November 29, 1691 and proved January 5, 1694/5.
  5. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Will of Margaret Lady Culpeper, widow, Baroness Dowager of Thoresway, P.C.C. Smith, 145, Will dated May 8, 1710, Proved June 19, 1710.
  6. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm.
  7. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of John 3rd Lord Culpeper, dated 12 Aug 1710, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby. Image at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-1.pdf and
    http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-2.pdf.
  8. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.

Catherine Culpeper1

Female, #8948, (1670 - May 1719)
Father*Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway (c 1635 - 27 Jan 1689)
Mother*Margaretta van Hesse (12 Jan 1635 - c 10 May 1710)
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*1670 Catherine was born in 1670. 
Death of Father27 Jan 1689 Her father Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway died on 27 Jan 1689 at Saint James Street, London, England
Marriage*circa Oct 1690 She married Thomas Fairfax Fifth Lord Fairfax of Cameron circa Oct 1690. 
Married Namecirca Oct 1690  As of circa Oct 1690, her married name was Fairfax. 
Birth of Son22 Oct 1693 Her son Thomas Fairfax Sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron was born on 22 Oct 1693 at Leeds Castle, Leeds, co. Kent, England
Birth of Son9 Jul 1697 Her son Henry Culpeper Fairfax was born on 9 Jul 1697 at Leeds Castle, Leeds, co. Kent, England
Birth of Son6 Nov 1706 Her son Robert Fairfax Seventh Lord Fairfax of Cameron was born on 6 Nov 1706 at co. Kent, England
Death of Spouse6 Jan 1710 Her husband Thomas Fairfax Fifth Lord Fairfax of Cameron died on 6 Jan 1710. 
Will8 May 1710 She is mentioned in the will of Margaretta van Hesse on 8 May 1710.2 
Death of Mothercirca 10 May 1710 Her mother Margaretta van Hesse died circa 10 May 1710 at Leeds Castle, Leeds, co. Kent, England.2 
Will12 Aug 1710 She is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 3rd Baron of Thoresway on 12 Aug 1710.3,4 
Death*May 1719 She died at Leeds Castle, Leeds, co. Kent, England, in May 1719. 
Burial*1 Jun 1719 Her body was interred on 1 Jun 1719 at Broomfield, co. Kent, England
Biography Catherine married Thomas, 5th Baron Fairfax, of Cameron, in Scotland, and had a daughter Frances, who married Denny Martin, Esq., and conveyed the estate of Leeds Castle, in Kent, to his family, now represented by C. P. Wykeham-Martin, of Leeds Castle.5 
Biography* Catherine Culpeper (daughter of Thomas, second Lord Culpeper), 1670?-1719, Lady Fairfax, grew up and spent her life at Leeds Castle; but there being no entry of her baptism in the Bromfield register, which records all her children, it follows that she was born elsewhere. The available evidence, though meagre, is that that event in the history of the Northern Neck of Virginia took place in Holland in the year 1670.

Diligent search for a baptismal record has been made, without result. It is necessary, therefore, to argue such evidence as is available (See note 1 below):

The family tradition, recorded by Mr. Wykeham-Martin, is that Lord Culpeper separated from his wife soon after marriage, was later reconciled to her and finally left her after the birth of their only child. There is evidence to bear out the first part of this tradition in the record of the issue of a passport in May, 1661 'for the wife of Lord Culpeper to go to Holland with her servants, luggage, coach and six horses' (Cal. State Papers, Domestic, 1660-61, p. 234).

That Lady Culpeper refused to return to England because her husband was openly living with another woman, and that, by advice of his friends, he sought to induce her to preside over his household at Carisbrooke Castle in order to quiet the criticism of him in the Isle of Wight which eventually resulted in his having to resign his post there, may be inferred from the record (ibid., 1661-62, p. 69) of a leave of absence granted to Lord Culpeper in February, 1662, with permission to go beyond sea 'on private concerns.' But there the unsatisfactory testimony ends.

Parish registers at The Hague, in the Isle of Wight, in Kent and in London have been searched in vain for the baptism of the child whose birth followed the temporary reconciliation, whenever it was. Apart from her baby portrait, which has not been convincingly dated, the first evidence for that child is the mention of her by her father in the letter he wrote to his sister Judith from Massachusetts, October 5, 1680, on his way back to England after his first tour of duty as Governor of Virginia (Va. Hist. Register, iii, 189): 'I shall now marry Cate as soon as I can and then shall reckon myself to be a Free man without clogge or charge.'

It may be objected that this is evidence for a birth earlier than 1670, for on that hypothesis she would be only ten when the letter was written; but it may be answered that in the seventeenth century marriages were 'arranged' almost in infancy: e.g., Lord Culpeper's elder brother, Alexander (Alexander Culpeper of Greenway Court), married a girl of 12. What is persuasive for the date 1670 is that, there being no record of Lord Culpeper during the two years from December, 1668, when he resigned the governorship of the Isle of Wight, until March 1670/1, when he was appointed to the Council for Foreign Plantations, it may be argued that he was absent from England during that period, and that the reconciliation with his wife and the birth of the child occurred on the Continent. This would fit with the family tradition that he left his wife finally immediately after the birth of his daughter; because his first illegitimate daughter by Mrs. Willis was born in 1671.

Named for her maternal grandmother, 'Cate' makes her first appearance on the public record in January, 1689/90, a year after her father's death, when 'Lord Culpeper's bill' in the House of Lords described her as 'his only cliild, Mrs. Katherine Culpeper' (Historical MSS. Commission, House of Lords MS. 1689-90, p. 434).

It was during the following spring that Philip Ludwell (Philip Ludwell of James City, VA) left England to return to Virginia with a commission to open a proprietary land office in the Northern Neck; and in the earliest land grants recorded in the books he then opened, she is recorded as the proprietor under the same designation, 'the Honourable Mistress Katherine Culpeper.' This status lasted, however, only a few months, for in the autumn of 1690 she married. Thenceforth, during twenty years until her husband's death, she disappears, as a wife of her time was wont to do: her husband had become the proprietor of the Northern Neck in her right and took personal charge of that business in the attempt to solve its problems. She, herself, is silent: even in the Northern Neck land grants she is recited during this period simply as 'Katherine, his wife.'

That her husband had his imagination stirred by the Virginia estate appears from the diligent and conservative attention he gave it. It was the fifth Lord Fairfax who prevented the liquidation of the proprietary. When, in the autumn of 1690, Lord Howard suggested to him that the charter of 1688 was tainted, he declined to sell out to the colony at the nominal price proposed (Va. Mag., ix, 32), just as he declined later to exchange the proprietary with the Crown for the 'lott and cope, and office of Bergmaster in the Wapentake of Wicksworth,' co. Derby (Acts P. C., Colonial, vi, 95). When the Assembly proceeded to hostilities (Journals 11. B., 1660-93, p. 371) he met the innuendo against his wife's father squarely and countered effectively. It was he who went before William III's Privy Council with the petition dated May 21, 1691, praying that the circumstances of the sealing of the charter of 1688 be examined by the law officers of the Crown, and that the title thereto be specifically confirmed to the representatives of Lord Culpeper who should be found entitled thereto. In all this he was entirely successful. The petition was referred to the Attorney General (Sir John Somers) who, having examined the record and heard counsel for Virginia as well as Lord Fairfax, reported that there was no ground 'for vacating the said Letters Patents by scire facias or otherwise.' Whereupon an Order in Council was entered on January 11, 1693/4 (Acts P. C., Colonial, ii, 188), adjudging that the

     said grant did Pass in all the usual Methods of Grants of that Nature' and that 'the Petitioners Margaret Lady Culpeper, Thomas Lord Fairfax, Katherine his wife and Alexander Culpeper, Esqr. be permitted to enjoy the benefit of the said Letters Patents according to Law, so as they keep strictly to the Tenor thereof, in Execution of the several powers and authorities thereby granted; of which all Persons whom it may concern are to take notice.

It was the fifth Lord Fairfax again who procured the second Richard Lee to attorn to the proprietors for his Westmoreland lands and so break the ice of local resistence; who enlisted Robert Carter as the proprietary agent in 1702; and who backed Carter up in his claim of 1708 that the proprietary boundary was the south fork (Rapidan) and not the north fork (Hedgman's) of the Rappahannock. It was thus during Catherine Culpeper's coverture and by her husband's efforts that her doubtful title to the Northern Neck was established beyond all future cavil; and an estate which had been practically without value when she inherited it was nursed to the point of producing for her an income of £500 per annum and, by its subsequent growth, of assuring her children of the means to support their place in the world.

While the dowager Lady Culpeper seems consistently to have supported Lord Fairfax in these proceedings, his wife did not appreciate them. She wanted to be quit of Virginia. When her husband died, in January, 1709/10, leaving his own estate in great disorder, and was followed to the grave in a few months by her mother, Lady Fairfax's anger against her husband blazed. She listened to dark counsels of land agents (Fairfax Correspondence, ed. Bell, 1849, iv, 242), and peremtorily removed Robert Carter from the agency in Virginia, appointing in his place Edmund Jenings and his youthful nephew, Thomas Lee. Her state of mind after having taken these measures, which were to prove costly, is reflected in a letter she wrote contemporaneously to her eldest son, then at Oxford (Fairfax MSS. Bodleian Library, Oxford).

     I have done all I can in business in London now, but it is all very bad. Your father hath destroyed all that can be for you and me both; but I will do all that is in my power to get something again, and I do hope you will deserve it of me in time.

This is the only record Catherine Culpeper has left to speak for her on the surviving record, until eight years later she dictated her will. That her sentiment had meanwhile hardened rather than softened is apparent in the disposition of her estate she then made. She had become suspicious even of her heir and instead of turning her estate over to him, then a man of twenty-six, she sought to tie his hands indefinitely by vesting her property in her neighbours and kinsmen, William Cage of Milgate (Note 2), and Edward Filmer of East Sutton (Note 3), in fee on trust' upon an elaborate entail.

She m., 1690, Thomas Fairfax (1657-1710), fifth Lord Fairfax of Cameron. As in the case of her birth, primary evidence of the date and place of the marriage is lacking. It seems likely, therefore, that, like her birth, that marriage was celebrated in Holland. The lack is, however, supplied, nearly contemporaneously, by a dispatch of November 6, 1690, from Lord Howard of Effingham to the Virginia Council (Va. Mag., ix, 32): '1 have already spoken to my Ld. Fairfax, who married Mrs. Culpeper who administered (sic) to my Lord Culpeper, abt. the Northern Neck.' It thus appears that Catherine Culpeper was married in the autumn of 1690.

She died at Leeds Castle at the end of May, 1719, and was buried, beside her mother, in the vault she had built in Bromfield Church (Note 4), June 1, 1719, as 'the Rt. Honble. Catherine Lady Fairfax, Dowager.' That her eldest son resented her lack of confidence in him appears in the fact that he erected no MI. over her tomb.

Her will follows:

P. C. C. Browning, 105
Will dated April 21, 1719
Proved June 23, 1719.

Catherine Lady Fairfax, Baroness Dowager of Cameron, in the Kingdom of Scotland. To be bur. in psh. church of Broniefield near my late mother Margaret Lady Culpeper. To my eldest son Thomas Lord F. the reversion of the manor of Greenway Court, to which I am entitled at end of a term of years, for life: & to the heirs male of his body; in default to the heirs of his body; in default to my youngest son Robert F. in fee. To sd. son Robert F. £1,000 out of sd. manor, at 21; also £3,000. To my son Henry Culpeper F. £100 only,'having already advanced for him about £1,400 in buying him a Commission in the Army. To my eldest daur. Margaret £500. To my daur. Frances £2,500 at 21 or marriage with consent of my exer; also £100 a year for maintenance meanwhile. To my daur. Mary £2,000, at 21 or marriage with exer's consent; also £80 a year meanwhile. To William Cage of Milgate in prsh. of Bersted, Kent, esq., & Edward Filmer of East Sutton, Kent, esq. all my manors etc. in Isle of Wight, co. Southampton & in co. Kent & all lands in Virginia in fee on trust for payment of legacies etc., & then for my eldest son Thomas Lord F. for life; remr. to sd. Trustees as Contingent Remainder Trustees; remr. to his sons successively in tail male; in default to my son Henry Culpeper F. & his sons similarly; in default to my son Robert F. & his sons similarly; in default to my daurs. in common, in tail; in default to my right heirs. Rest of personal estate among my sons & daurs. equally. Sd. William Cage to be sole exer. Whereas in lifetime of my late daur. Catherine F. I entered into a Bond to George Sayer esq. Dec for payment of £800 to her, which I intended as a legacy; who dying intestate I have taken out Admon. to her goods, but she left no personal estate; and whereas all my children are entitled to part of the moneys due on the Bond; such children as shall not have released their claim in my lifetime shall release same to my exer. Witns. D. Fuller, Jno. Mason, E. Finch. Prob. by William Cage esq., exer.6 
Note* Footnotes to the preceding biography:

Note 1:
In view of the necessity for this argument it is interesting that there probably existed in Virginia as late as 1875 good evidence for the missing date. The sixth Lord Fairfax brought out with him in 1747, and left with his personal effects at Greenway Court, a Culpeper family Bible. This passed with the house to Thomas Bryan Martin's devisee (Cf. Kercheval. 3d ed. 1902, p. 160) and on March 29, 1879, her descendant, Mr. William C. Kennerley of White Post described its fate as follows (MS. penes me):
     Immediately after the acknowledgment of your letter of the 19th inst., I went over to my brother's, at Greenway Court, for the purpose of procuring the old family Fairfax (sic) Bible, which I intended to send you as a present; and was shocked to learn that it was burned in the conflagration of the wing of my brother's house in '75... I especially regret the loss of the Bible as it contained a Register of the births and deaths of more than a dozen Fairfaxes and Martins, 'Thomas,' 'Bryan,' 'Rev. Denny Fairfax,' and marriages of Lady Colepeper Fairfax, the mother, I presume, of Lord Fairfax, and others which I do not remember.
     The loss of this Bible is the more to be regretted because it seems to have contained a record of entries by Margaret, Lady Culpeper, and her daughter. The family Bible which is still extant at Leeds Castle is a Fairfax as distinguished from a Culpeper record, and throws no light on the problems here considered. See notes 53 and 54 post.

Note 2: Col. William Cage, who was Sheriff of Kent in 1695 and M.P. in 1702, 1710 and 1713, was a grandson by his first marriage of that William Cage of Milgate in Bersted, who, in 1637, married, secondly, Joan Culpeper, a sister of Lady Fairfax's grandmother and, in consequence, is called 'brother' by the first Lord Culpeper in his will (Berry, Kentist Genealogies, p. 273; Harl. Pub., xxvi, 232; and the MI. of Elizabeth, wife of Sir Thomas Culpeper, the elder, ante); but he was of kin to Lady Fairfax because his mother was a daughter of her grandmother's brother, Sir Cheney Culpeper. Lady Fairfax had depended upon this 'cousin' for business advice for some time before she made her will. Thus in her letter to her son, December 15, 1711 (The Fairfax Correspondence, iv, 244) she says 'Colonel Cage is a great and entire friend to me and you have reason to respect him.' When Fairfax went out to Virginia the second time he took with him one of this family. See the lively fox hunting letter of J. Cage, written from Belvoir to Capt. Lawrence Washington at Mount Vernon (undated, but before 1750) in Conway, Barons, p. 245.

Note 3: This Edward Filmer had been a practising barrister of the Parliamentary bar but was soon to become, on the death of his father in 1720, the third baronet of his house. It was to him that Lord Fairfax referred in his letter to George Fairfax, April 6, 1747 (Neill, p. 77): 'I have sent you by Captain Cooling of the Elizabeth two dogs and one bitch of Sir Edward Filmer's hounds which he promised you.' He must have declined Lady Fairfax's trust as he does not appear with Col. Cage in the Northern Neck grant books. The Filmers of East Sutton were also, through the St. Legers and the Scotts, of kin to the WigselI Culpepers (Cf. the will of Samuel Filmer, 1670, P. C. C. Penn. 58, in Va. Mag., xi, 181) ; but they have their own claims to the interest of Virginians. They descended from that Samuel Argall who was one of the early Governors, and had maintained their relation with the colony. Thus. in 1643, Henry Filmer was a resident of Warwick County, serving as a burgess and justice of the County Court. He was a brother of that convinced and uncompromising royalist, Sir Robert Filmer, author of the Patriarcha (Dict. Mat., Biog., re-issue ed., vi, 1304) and a great great uncle of Lady Fairfax's trustee. For this family, see the Visitation of Kent, 1619; Berry, Kent; Va. Mag., xv, 181.

Note 4: Bromfield was originally a parish, served by a religious of the priory of Leeds. The boundaries, practically limited to the lands held of Leeds Castle, have been maintained; but since the dissolution of the priory the church has been annexed to the rectory and church of the adjacent Leeds parish which was erected within the priory lands. As a consequence, Bromfield now ranks as a chapel. Vested by Queen Elizabeth in the Archbishop of Canterbury, the advowson of Leeds and Bromfield has since been held by that prelate, who collates a perpetual curate (Hasted, ii. 484, 486).
     Catherine Culpeper, Lady Fairfax, had all her children baptized in Bromfield chapel and later built there a family vault where she buried her mother, and was herself interred, as were a number of her descendants. The Bromfield register thus became a genealogical source record for the last generation of the proprietors of the Northern Neck.
     For these considerations the Virginia Assembly gave the name Bromfield to the parish created in Culpeper in 1752 (Hening, Vi, 256) ; but neither Bishop Meade nor Dr. Philip Slaughter (see the comment on the name in St. Marks Parish, p. 80) had the clew to that designation.6 

Family

Thomas Fairfax Fifth Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1657 - 6 Jan 1710)
Marriage*circa Oct 1690 She married Thomas Fairfax Fifth Lord Fairfax of Cameron circa Oct 1690. 
Children
ChartsThe Culpepers of Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England (Possibly extinct): Descendant Chart
Last Edited21 May 2011

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Will of Margaret Lady Culpeper, widow, Baroness Dowager of Thoresway, P.C.C. Smith, 145, Will dated May 8, 1710, Proved June 19, 1710.
  3. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of John 3rd Lord Culpeper, dated 12 Aug 1710, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby. Image at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-1.pdf and
    http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-2.pdf.
  4. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.
  5. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
    Page 69.
  6. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm.

Thomas Fairfax Fifth Lord Fairfax of Cameron1,2

Male, #8949, (1657 - 6 Jan 1710)
Father*Henry Fairfax Fourth Lord Fairfax of Cameron (30 Dec 1631 - 13 Apr 1688)
Mother*Frances Barwick (s 1631 - 14 Feb 1684)
Birth*1657 Thomas was born in 1657. 
Death of Mother14 Feb 1684 His mother Frances Barwick died on 14 Feb 1684. 
Death of Father13 Apr 1688 His father Henry Fairfax Fourth Lord Fairfax of Cameron died on 13 Apr 1688. 
Marriage*circa Oct 1690 He married Catherine Culpeper circa Oct 1690. 
Will29 Nov 1691 He is mentioned in the will of Alexander Culpeper Surveyor General of VA on 29 Nov 1691.3,4 
Birth of Son22 Oct 1693 His son Thomas Fairfax Sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron was born on 22 Oct 1693 at Leeds Castle, Leeds, co. Kent, England
Birth of Son9 Jul 1697 His son Henry Culpeper Fairfax was born on 9 Jul 1697 at Leeds Castle, Leeds, co. Kent, England
Birth of Son6 Nov 1706 His son Robert Fairfax Seventh Lord Fairfax of Cameron was born on 6 Nov 1706 at co. Kent, England
Death*6 Jan 1710 He died on 6 Jan 1710. 
Burial*10 Jan 1710 His body was interred on 10 Jan 1710 at St. Martin's in the Fields, Westminster, London, England
Biography* Thomas Fairfax (1657-1710), fifth Lord Fairfax of Cameron, of the nineteenth recorded generation of his family, was the representative of a junior branch which had been seated since 1558 at Denton, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, and in 1627 had been raised by Charles I to the peerage of Scotland with the title of Lord Fairfax of Cameron. His father was Henry Fairfax (1631-1688) of Oglethorpe, who succeeded, 1671, as fourth Lord Fairfax on the death of the Parliamentary general, and then became also 'of Denton.' Baptised in Bolton Percy, April 16, 1657, he was entered in the pedigree his father certified at the Visitation of Yorkshire, 1665, as 'aet. 8 ann., 8 Aug., 1665.' He matriculated at Magdalen College, Oxon, November 10, 1675, 'aged 18' (Foster) ; but seems soon thereafter to have transferred to St. Johns College, Cambridge; which university was in the tradition of his family (Venn; and Cf. Torry, Founders and Benefactors of St. Johns, 1888, p. 52). In 1685 he was first returned to Parliament as burgess for Malton (Official Returns of M.P.s, 1878), so that when his father died in the last year of James II and he succeeded to the title, he was already a person of sufficient importance of make it count that he 'heartily concurred in the revolution of 1688.' He was one of the small band of gentlemen who, in November of that year, under the leadership of the earl of Danby, seized York in the interest of the Prince of Orange (Luttrell, Brief Relation, i, 478; The Memoirs of Sir John Reresby (ed. Cartwright, 1875), 411 ff. Fairfax was, for this reason, one of the Yorkshiremen to whom James II made specific advances after he got to France; and he was in consequence confined, for a brief season, in the Tower. See the Information of the Jacobite agent, John Lunt, 1694, in Historical MSS Comission, 14th Report, Appendix pt. iv, p. z94; Luttrell, iv, 60). To the convention Parliament he was returned as Knight of the Shire for Yorkshire, being the seventh of his family to attain that responsibility in, what is more remarkable, the sixth successive generation. In that capacity he sat in the House of Commons thenceforth continuously until the act of Union with the Crown of Scotland (1707) disqualified him, as being a Scots peer (Luttrell, vi, 232).
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During this period he became also an active officer in William III's Household cavalry and saw service in Ireland in the Boyne campaign and later in Flanders (Luttrell, ii, 233, 585; iii, 258). His subsequent military career, proved by entries in the State Papers, was summed up in George William Fairfax's entry in the Leeds Castle bible, 1761, as follows: 'On 31 December, 1688, he was made Lieut. Colonel of the third regiment of Horse Guards, whence he was promoted, 20th January, 1693, to the King's Own Regiment of Horse, and on 9th March, 1701, made Brigadier General.'
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Although he served as Deputy Lieutenant for Kent, as well as for Yorkshire (Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1702-3, p. 394); and his children were all born at Leeds Castle, he lived chiefly in Yorkshire, at his house on Castle hill in the city of York and at Denton Hall, and practised at both places an abundant hospitality (Markham, Admiral Robert Fairfax, p. :231). At Denton there is a pleasant glimpse of him in Thoresby's diary for September, 1702 (Atkinson, Ralph Thoresby, 1885, ii, 64). Thoresby noted that he 'was glad to observe the continuance of so religious an order in the family, all the servants, etc., being called in to daily prayers.' Lord Fairfax showed him 'the gardens, the hawks, horses, brood mares and foals, for which 80 l. has been refused;' but Thoresby was best pleased in the old library, 'for which my lord is preparing a new place.' The next day, 'My Lord very kindly rode with us part of the way and showed us four of his oxen, that are the largest, finest beasts that ever I beheld.'
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The anxiety of the third Lord Fairfax to provide for his daughter, the Duchess of Buckingham, had, however, deprived his successors of the income which the first Lord Fairfax had left to support the family dignity (See Appendix); the fifth Lord Fairfax had moreover inherited an extravagance which was characteristic of his race. The confusion of Lord Culpeper's affairs did not permit of relief from that estate, and in consequence, despite frequent filips of patronage from the government (Cal. State Papers, Dom., 1689-90, pp, 438, 447), Fairfax became heavily burdened by debts, aggregating 'near two and twenty thousand pound.' In December, 1709, being then in his fifty-third year, he was in London harassed by his creditors. The land agent and the servant who alone attended him persuaded him to go into concealment. A letter addressed to his wife two months later (The Fairfax Correspondence, iv, 242) rehearses what followed:
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'I cannot learn any other reason Williams had in taking my Lord away, but to have the better opportunity of plundering him when dead, which he saw would soon happen: he was removed the 13th of December and died the 6th of January. He had several notes of Sir Francis Child and a bag of guineas before him a quarter of an hour before he left Pall Mal1; and a porter carried him from the chocolate house in the same street, from Mrs. Margett [his daughter], forty pounds; and as no creditors were paid at his last lodging or knew where to find him, Williams or his man took his monies when he was dead or dying. The servant was a creature of Williams' and one that he helped my Lord to.'
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It was thus that, far from his own people, Fairfax died on January 6, 1709/10; and on the January 10th following, was buried at St. Martins in the Fields, as the parish register records. Subsequently, an MI. was set up in Otley Church (Whitaker, Loidis and Elnwte), which has since disappeared.
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His will was as follows:
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P. C. C. Young, 45.
Will dated December 30, 1709.
Proved June 4, 1711.
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Thomas Lord Fairfax Baron of Cameron in North Britain. All my manors etc. estate real & personal (except shares of wreck granted to me by Her Majesty by indenture under Great Seal dat. 3 Apr. 1707) to Sir John Bucknall of Oschay, co. Hertf. knight, Robert Fairfax of Saint Clements Danes, co. Middx. esq. Bryan Fairfax jun of St. Margarets Westminster esq. & Bybye Lake of Middle Temple London esq. in fee on trust to pay debts and legacies, & then for my son Thomas F. in fee. Sd shares of wreck to Henry Hawker of St. Annes Westminster esq. on trust as to 30 of the shares for my younger children, two shares to sister Mary Fairfax, two others for sd. Bryan Fairfax, one share for sd Robert Fairfax & rest for my sd. son Thomas F. Sd. Sir John Bucknall & other trustees to be exers & guardians of my son Thomas F. during his minority. Witns. Stephen Crowe, Letitia Crowe John Hudson. Prob. by Bibye Lake esq. one of the exers. Power reserved for Sir John Bucknall knight, Robert Fairfax & Bryan Fairfax the other exers.
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Source: Fairfax Harrison, "The Proprietors of the Northern Neck."



 
Will12 Aug 1710 He is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 3rd Baron of Thoresway on 12 Aug 1710.5,6 

Family

Catherine Culpeper (1670 - May 1719)
Marriage*circa Oct 1690 He married Catherine Culpeper circa Oct 1690. 
Children
Last Edited4 Feb 2011

Citations

  1. Dr. Patricia Petit of Washington DC, compiler, Tricia's Southern Genealogy Homepage, 1999.
    http://members.tripod.com/~Bonestwo/,.
  2. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  3. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Image of will at: /archives/uk/wills/images/Alexander_of_Hollingbourne_1695.pdf.
  4. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    P.C.C. Irby, 3., Will dated November 29, 1691 and proved January 5, 1694/5.
  5. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of John 3rd Lord Culpeper, dated 12 Aug 1710, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby. Image at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-1.pdf and
    http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-2.pdf.
  6. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.

Susanna Willis1

Female, #8950, (say 1645 - )
Birth*say 1645 Susanna was born say 1645. 
Marriage*say 1670 She married Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway say 1670. Susanna was the mistress, but not a wife, of Thomas, Lord Culpeper.2 
Married Namesay 1670  As of say 1670, her married name was Culpeper. 
Biography* Susanna was the mistress, not legal wife, of Thomas Lord Culpeper. 
Will12 Aug 1710 She is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 3rd Baron of Thoresway on 12 Aug 1710.3,4 

Family

Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway (circa 1635 - 27 Jan 1689)
Children
Last Edited6 Jun 2011

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 3c.
  3. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of John 3rd Lord Culpeper, dated 12 Aug 1710, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby. Image at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-1.pdf and
    http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-2.pdf.
  4. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.

Susanna Culpeper

Female, #8951, (1672 - 1720)
Father*Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway (c 1635 - 27 Jan 1689)
Mother*Susanna Willis (s 1645 - )
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*1672 Susanna was born in 1672. 
Marriage*15 Feb 1685/86 She married Sir Charles Englefield of Englefield, co. Berks, Bart. at Saint James, co. Middlesex, England, on 15 Feb 1685/86.1 
Married Name1686  As of 1686, her married name was Englefield. 
Birth of Sonafter 1686 Her son Thomas Englefield was born after 1686. 
Death of Father27 Jan 1689 Her father Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway died on 27 Jan 1689 at Saint James Street, London, England
Death*1720 She died in 1720. 
Biography* The allegation for the mar. lic., February 15, 1685/6 (Harl. Pub., xxiv, 179), read, 'Sir Charles Englefield, Bart. of Englefield, Berks, Bachr., about 16 & Susanna Culpeper, Spr., abt. 14, natural dau. of Thomas Lord Culpeper, who alleges: at St. James or St. Giles in the Fields, Middx.'
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Of the family of Englefield, believed to be of Saxon origin, there is a full notice in the Barowetages of Wooton (1771 , i, 123) and Betham (1802, i, 147). See also D. N. B. for several of the family.

From these authorities, supplemented by G. E. C. (all of whom duly record the m.) it appears that Susan Culpeper's son, Thomas, and dau., Charlotte, both died young; that her will was pr. December 6, 1720; and that her husband was bur. at Englefield, s.p.s., whereupon the Englefield title and estates passed to another branch of that family.2 

Family

Sir Charles Englefield of Englefield, co. Berks, Bart. (1670 - 1728)
Marriage*15 Feb 1685/86 She married Sir Charles Englefield of Englefield, co. Berks, Bart. at Saint James, co. Middlesex, England, on 15 Feb 1685/86.1 
Children
ChartsThe Culpepers of Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England (Possibly extinct): Descendant Chart
Last Edited10 Jun 2011

Citations

  1. 15 Feb 1685-6 Sir Charles Englefield, Bart, of Englefield, Berks, Bachr, abt 16, & Susanna Culpeper, Spr, abt 14, natural dau. of Thomas, Lord Culpeper, who alleges; at St James or St Giles in the Fields, Middx.
  2. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 3c.

Sir Charles Englefield of Englefield, co. Berks, Bart.

Male, #8952, (1670 - 1728)
Birth*1670 Charles was born in 1670. 
Marriage*15 Feb 1685/86 He married Susanna Culpeper at Saint James, co. Middlesex, England, on 15 Feb 1685/86.1 
Birth of Sonafter 1686 His son Thomas Englefield was born after 1686. 
Death of Spouse1720 His wife Susanna Culpeper died in 1720. 
Death*1728 He died in 1728. 

Family

Susanna Culpeper (1672 - 1720)
Children
Last Edited10 Jun 2011

Citations

  1. 15 Feb 1685-6 Sir Charles Englefield, Bart, of Englefield, Berks, Bachr, abt 16, & Susanna Culpeper, Spr, abt 14, natural dau. of Thomas, Lord Culpeper, who alleges; at St James or St Giles in the Fields, Middx.

Charlotte Culpeper

Female, #8953, (1677 - after 1702)
Father*Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway (c 1635 - 27 Jan 1689)
Mother*Susanna Willis (s 1645 - )
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*1677 Charlotte was born in 1677. 
Marriage*1690 She married John Pershall of Sugnal, co. Staff. in 1690. 
Married Name1690  As of 1690, her married name was Pershall. 
Birth of Son1691 Her son Thomas Pershall was born in 1691. 
Death*after 1702 She died after 1702. 
Biography* The allegation for the mar. lic., May 15, 1690 (Harl. Pub., xxvi, 311) read, 'John Peshall Esq. of St. Margarets, Westminster, Bachelor, 21, & Madam Charlotte Culpeper of St. James in the Fields, Middx., Spinster, 15; consent of her mother, Madam Susanna Welldon, alias Willis: at St. Edmunds, Lombard Street.'

Wotton's notice (1771, i, 120) of Charlotte Culpeper's children is as follows: 'John [Peshall] who m. Charlotte ' dau. of Thomas, Lord Colepeper, and dying v.p. was buried July 3. 1706, had two sons, Thomas, baptized August 18, 1691, and another son, who both died young; and three daus., 1) Frances bapt. September 16, 1693, m. Thomas Ireland, Esq. of co. Salop, who d. 1718, leaving a son; 2) Charlotte, baptized March 7, 1696, who d. young; 3) Arabella, baptized 1702 [who] m. January 23, 1730, the Rt. Hon. J. Campbell, viscount Glenorch and now [1771] earl of Breadalbane in Scotland, by whom he had issue: George, who died an infant, and John, the present viscount Glenorch. She died at Bath, September 10, 1762.'

As Wotton was writing, John, the second son of the earl of Breadalbane, was killed in a duel, s.p.s., November 14, 1771, in his 34th year. See G. E. C. Complete Peerage, s. v. Breadalbane. The Irelands of Shrewsbury seem also to be extinct.1 

Family

John Pershall of Sugnal, co. Staff. (1669 - 1706)
Marriage*1690 She married John Pershall of Sugnal, co. Staff. in 1690. 
Children
ChartsThe Culpepers of Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England (Possibly extinct): Descendant Chart
Last Edited6 Jun 2011

Citations

  1. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 3c.

John Pershall of Sugnal, co. Staff.

Male, #8954, (1669 - 1706)
Father*Sir Thomas Pershall Third Bart. (s 1639 - )
Birth*1669 John was born in 1669. 
Marriage*1690 He married Charlotte Culpeper in 1690. 
Birth of Son1691 His son Thomas Pershall was born in 1691. 
Death*1706 He died in 1706. 
Biography* The Peshalls of Eccleshall were created baronets in 1611. From the notice of them in G. E. C. Complete Baronetage, it appears that this John was the heir to the baronetcy, sat in Parliament, 1701-02 as burgess for Newcastle-under-Lyme, and died, 1706, s.p.m.s.,v.p; and that on the death of his father, 1712. s.p.m.s., the baronetcy became extinct; though it was subsequently claimed by another family of Peshall.
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Source: Fairfax Harrison, "The Proprietors of the Northern Neck." 

Family

Charlotte Culpeper (1677 - after 1702)
Children
Last Edited29 Sep 2001

Humphrey Clarke of Westhalks in Kingsnorth, Kent

Male, #8955, (1501 - )
Birth*1501 Humphrey was born at Kingsworth, co. Kent, England, in 1501. For the Clarke ancestry, see the Clarke pedigree in Visitation of Kent, 1592 or in the Visitation of Warwickshire, 1619. 
Marriage*say 1550 He married Margaret Mayne say 1550. 
Birth of Sonsay 1555 His son Walter Clarke was born say 1555 at England.1 

Family

Margaret Mayne (say 1530 - )
Children
Last Edited20 Jan 2011

Citations

  1. E-mail written Nov 2010 to Warren Culpepper from Tim Clarke, e-mail address.

Sir Martin Culpeper of Deane, co. Oxon

Male, #8956, (say 1580 - 25 Jun 1604)
Father*Dr. Martin Culpeper of Feckenham in Astwood, co. Worc. (1540 - c 9 Oct 1605)
Mother*Lettice Clarke (s 1560 - )
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*say 1580 Martin was born at Deane, Spelsbury, Oxfordshire, England, say 1580. 
Marriage*25 Feb 1598 He married Joyce Aston at Charlecote, Warwickshire, England, on 25 Feb 1598. 
Birth of Soncirca Apr 1604 His son Martin Culpeper was born circa Apr 1604 at Astwood, Feckenham, Worcestershire, England
Will*1 Jun 1604 He made a will on 1 Jun 1604.

Nuncupative (oral) will, proved October 8, 1605, as P.C.C. Hayes, 66.1 
Death*25 Jun 1604 He died on 25 Jun 1604. 
Burial*26 Jun 1604 His body was interred on 26 Jun 1604 at Feckenham, Worcestershire, England. His widow erected to him, in Feckenham church, an elaborate altar tomb with recumbent figures, which were engraved for Nash (Worcestershire, i, 156, 443), who gives the monumental inscription as follows:
     Under this monument lieth the body of Sir Martin Culpeper, of Deane, in the county of Oxford, Knight, son and heir of Martin Culpeper of Astwood, esq., and Lettice the daughter of Henry Clearck of Westhawke by Asheford in the county of Kent, esquire. He married Joyce, the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Aston of Tix-hall in the county of Stafford, Knight, and of Ann the only daughter of Sir Thomas Lucy, of Charlcote, co. War., Knight. He had issue one son and three daughters and left this life 26 June 1604: aetatis suae 25. The lady Joyce Culpeper, in memory of his virtue, and in perpetual testimony of her love, erected this monument..1 
Biography* He m. 1598 (Ph. Warzv., iii, 92) at Charlecote, co. Warw., Joyce, dau. of Sir Edward Aston of Tixhall, co. Stafford by a Lucy of Charlcote; and by her had Martin, who was bur. in Feckenham, September 8, 1605, as 'Marten the sonne of Sir Marten Culpep'; and three daughters, two of whom survived him, He was knighted by James I at Whitehall, May 14, 1604 (Nichols, Progresses of James I, i, 438), and died a month later, aet.25, leaving a nuncupative will, declared June 1, 1604, which was proved October 8, 1605, as P.C.C. Hayes, 66.1 
Will1 Oct 1605 He is mentioned in the will of Dr. Martin Culpeper of Feckenham in Astwood, co. Worc. on 1 Oct 1605.2 
Note*Mar 2000 On my visit to Feckenham Church in March 2000, the monumental inscription cited above was mounted on the wall. However, the tomb with recumbent figures was nowhere to be found.3 

Family

Joyce Aston (say 1576 - 2 Jan 1619)
Marriage*25 Feb 1598 He married Joyce Aston at Charlecote, Warwickshire, England, on 25 Feb 1598. 
Children
ChartsThe 12th century Culpepers of England: Descendant Chart (16 generations, Males only)
Last Edited21 May 2011

Citations

  1. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm.
  2. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Will of Dr. Martin Culpeper of Astwood in Feckingham; P.C.C. Hayes, 88; Will dated October 1, 1605; Proved December 12, 1605.
  3. Warren L. Culpepper (#1942), Former publisher of Culpepper Connections, e-mail address.

Joyce Aston

Female, #8957, (say 1576 - 2 Jan 1619)
Father*Sir Edward Aston of Tixhall, co. Stafford (1551 - 1 Feb 1597)
Mother*Anne Lucy of Charlecote, co. Warwick (b 1 Sep 1550 - )
Birth*say 1576 Joyce was born say 1576. 
Death of Father1 Feb 1597 Her father Sir Edward Aston of Tixhall, co. Stafford died on 1 Feb 1597. 
Marriage*25 Feb 1598 She married Sir Martin Culpeper of Deane, co. Oxon at Charlecote, Warwickshire, England, on 25 Feb 1598. 
Married Name25 Feb 1598  As of 25 Feb 1598, her married name was Culpeper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth of Soncirca Apr 1604 Her son Martin Culpeper was born circa Apr 1604 at Astwood, Feckenham, Worcestershire, England
Death of Spouse25 Jun 1604 Her husband Sir Martin Culpeper of Deane, co. Oxon died on 25 Jun 1604. 
Death of Son7 Sep 1605 Her son Martin Culpeper died on 7 Sep 1605. 
Will*13 Dec 1613 She made a will at Deane, Spelsbury, Oxfordshire, England, on 13 Dec 1613.

In the name of God Amen the Thirteenth of December in the year of our Lord God according to the computation of the Church of England One Thousand Six Hundred and Thirteen and in the year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord James by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, France and Ireland Kind defender of the Faith or that is to say of England France & Ireland the Eleventh and of Scotland the Seven and Fortieth: I Dame Joyce Culpeper of Deane in the Parish of Spelbury in the County of Oxford, Widow being weak and sickly on body but of good and perfect remembrance and also praise be to Almighty God therefore; Do make and Declare this my Last Will and Testament in writing thereby both in Deed and in Law All other former Will and Testaments.
     First, I recommend my Soul unto the hands of my God my Creator and Redeemer by whom and by means of the second person Jesus Christ I only trust and believe assuredly to be saved and to have full remission of my sins; and I commend my body to be buried in the Chancel of the Parish Church of Feltham by my Husband under my Tomb in such Honest and Decent manner as by the good discretion of my Executors and expressly shall deem convenient.
     And whereas I the said Dame Jayne Culpeper being heretofore being seized for the term of my life and for the Life of Lettice (Lettice Culpeper) and Anne (Anne Culpeper) my daughters of the Srithams Manor House of the Manor of Dean in the said County of Oxford and of all the Houses, Buildings, Lands, Tenaments and Hereditaments thereto belonging; and of one Close of pasture ground called the Coneyger Close and one Close called the Pool Close and all the Closes, Lands, Tenements and premises being in Dean aforesaid to my loving Brothers Sir Walter Aston , Knight and Baronet Crown (Sir Walter Aston) and Thomas Aston Gent and their heirs to the use of me the said Dame Joyce and my assigns for and during the term of four year and nineteen years.
     Yet, I the said Dame Joyce and my said Daughters or any of us should live so long , and afterwards to the use of the said Sir Walter Aston, Knight and Thomas Aston and their heirs for and during the term of the life of me and my said Daughters and the life of the longest liver of us upon trust and confidence never thereof to dispose and employ the premises and the *nes and profit thereof to and for such as and intents and purposes as I the said Dame Joyce by my Last Will and Testament in writing or by any other writing to be sealed and subscribed by me in the presence of three or more witnesses Thereto limit and declare and for merit of such information to and for the use and benefit of my Executors and Administrators. Now for the disposing of my Estate and interests in same and equity of me and to the premises I design and Bequeath unto the said Lettice Culpeper my Eldest daughter the said Manor House and all Houses, Buildings, Gardens and Yards thereunto belonging and the said Closes of pasture ground called the Corryger Close and the hole Close and one other called the Long close being parcels of the premises and next adjoining to the said Manor House with all and Singular their appertaining to have and to hold the same unto her the said Lettice my Daughter for and during the term of her natural life and after her Death to my said Daughter Anne Culpeper for and during the term of her natural life.
     And further I give and devise all the rest and residue of the said Lands, Tenaments and Premises unto my said Daughters Lettice and Anne; To have and to hold the same to then the said Lettice and Anne and their Assigns for and during the term of their natural lives and the lives of everyone of them (except one Testament which I give unto William Collins of Deane which he now dwelleth in together with the land the he occupieth wit the same and after his Death to his son Thomas Collins during the life of me or any of my said Daughters if the said Thomas shall bee long lived.
     Item, I give and bequeath unto my said daughters Lettice and Anne all my Plate, Jewells, Apparel and Household stuff whatsoever whereof I shall be possessed at the time of my Decease as well as those which now I have as such which hereafter I shall buy to be equally divided between them by the discretion and appointment of their supervisor. Item, I give and bequeath to every of my Brothers and Sisters ( except my brother Thomas Aston in token of my hearty Love and affection towards them &***** being of the piece of forty shillings with & it & the Lead engraved upon each being that I do give unto them.
     Item, I give and bequeath to my loving Brother Thomas Aston One Hundred Pounds.
     Item, I give unto every one of my Household Servants who shall leave me at the time of my Death, Five Pounds.
     Item, I do constitute and appoint my said Daughters Lettice Culpeper and Anne Culpeper Executors of this my Last Will and Testament in whom I make especial trust and confidence.
     And I do constitute and appoint my said loving Brother Sir Walter Aston of the honourable order of the Bath the Knight and Baronet Empresario of this my Last Will and Testament to whom I give and Devise the sum of Forty Pounds to be by him to be stored in Plate to and for his own use in regard of his pains to be taken *** about the performance of this my Last Will and Testament in whom I respect special trust and confidence for his honest care and **** in that behalf and in the addressing and directing my said Executors.
     In witness whereof I have to this Last Will and testaments sett to my hand and Seal the day and year first above written.
Joyce Culpeper.
     Sealed and delivered and in these words interlined between the nine and twentieth and thirtieth lines Viz (except one Testament where I give unto William Collins of Deane which he now Dwells in together with the Lands that he occupies with the same: and after his Death to his son Thomas Collins during the life of me or any of my said Daughters, and also enter lined betwixt the thirtieth and one and Thirtieth lines ( vis the said Thomas shall for long live) before the sealing and Declared in the presence of Francis Hargreves & Henry Hoode.1,2 
Death*2 Jan 1619 She died on 2 Jan 1619.3 
Burial*3 Jan 1619 Her body was interred on 3 Jan 1619 at Feckenham, Worcestershire, England.3 

Family

Sir Martin Culpeper of Deane, co. Oxon (say 1580 - 25 Jun 1604)
Marriage*25 Feb 1598 She married Sir Martin Culpeper of Deane, co. Oxon at Charlecote, Warwickshire, England, on 25 Feb 1598. 
Children
Last Edited21 May 2011

Citations

  1. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Image of will at: /archives/uk/wills/images/Joyce_of_Spelsbury_1619.pdf.
  2. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.
    Transcribed the will from PRO image.
  3. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm.

Martin Culpeper

Male, #8958, (circa Apr 1604 - 7 Sep 1605)
Father*Sir Martin Culpeper of Deane, co. Oxon (s 1580 - 25 Jun 1604)
Mother*Joyce Aston (s 1576 - 2 Jan 1619)
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Birth*circa Apr 1604 Martin was born at Astwood, Feckenham, Worcestershire, England, circa Apr 1604. 
Baptism26 May 1604 He was baptized at Deane, Spelsbury, Oxfordshire, England, on 26 May 1604.  
Death of Father25 Jun 1604 His father Sir Martin Culpeper of Deane, co. Oxon died on 25 Jun 1604. 
Death*7 Sep 1605 He died on 7 Sep 1605. 
Burial*8 Sep 1605 His body was interred on 8 Sep 1605. 
ChartsThe 12th century Culpepers of England: Descendant Chart (16 generations, Males only)
Last Edited21 May 2011

Sir Edward Aston of Tixhall, co. Stafford

Male, #8959, (1551 - 1 Feb 1597)
Father*Walter Aston (8 Oct 1530 - 2 Apr 1589)
Mother*Elizabeth Leveson (1532 - )
Birth*1551 Edward was born at Tixhall, Leicester, Leicestershire, England, in 1551. 
Marriage*say 1574 He married Anne Lucy of Charlecote, co. Warwick say 1574. 
Marriage* He married an unknown person . 
Birth of Sonsay 1578 His son Sir Walter Aston was born say 1578. 
Death of Father2 Apr 1589 His father Walter Aston died on 2 Apr 1589. 
Death*1 Feb 1597 He died on 1 Feb 1597. 
Research note*19 Oct 2013 To: Warren Culpepper
Subject: Culpepper Family Tree - Sir Edward Aston of Tixhall, co. Stafford

Sir Edward's first wife was Mary Spencer, daughter of Sir John Spencer of Althrop, Northamptonshire. Mary died in childbirth and he son died a few days later.

Sir Edward's second wife, Anne Lucy, bore him seven children: Walter (Lord Aston); Edward, who married Anne Sadler, the only daughter of Lee Sadler (sometimes Sadlier);Thomas; Joyce; Elizabeth; Anne; and Jane.
....
Daniel Aston.1 

Family 1

Anne Lucy of Charlecote, co. Warwick (before 1 Sep 1550 - )
Marriage*say 1574 He married Anne Lucy of Charlecote, co. Warwick say 1574. 
Child

Family 2

Child
Last Edited11 Feb 2014

Citations

  1. E-mail written Oct 2013 to Warren L. Culpepper from Daniel Aston, e-mail address.

Sir Stephen Culpeper of Chipping Campden, Glouchester

Male, #8960, (1581 - 13 Jul 1611)
Father*Dr. Martin Culpeper of Feckenham in Astwood, co. Worc. (1540 - c 9 Oct 1605)
Mother*Lettice Clarke (s 1560 - )
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Birth*1581 Stephen was born in 1581. 
Will1 Oct 1605 He is mentioned in the will of Dr. Martin Culpeper of Feckenham in Astwood, co. Worc. on 1 Oct 1605.1 
Death of Fathercirca 9 Oct 1605 His father Dr. Martin Culpeper of Feckenham in Astwood, co. Worc. died circa 9 Oct 1605. 
Death*13 Jul 1611 He died on 13 Jul 1611. 
Biography* The testimonies for him are the mention in his father's will of 'my Son Sir Stephen C;' his own will (P.C.C. Wood, 62) in which he describes himself as 'Stephen C. of Campden, co. Glouc., Knight;' and the entry of his burial in Feckenham, July 13, 1611, as 'Sr. Steaven Culpep, Knyght.' Neither Metcalfe, Nichols nor Shaw records his knighthood.
.
That he m. appears from the mention in his will of 'my wife, Elizabeth, ' and the probate of that instrument by 'Dame Elizabeth C., relict and executrix' (who is not otherwise identified), but it does not appear that he left issue. Not only is the reference to him in his father's will qualified 'if he have issue a son,' but his own will neither names nor makes provision for any children. That will was, however, dated July 11, 1606, and so it is not conclusive against subsequent issue. That there was no male issue in any event appears conclusively by the fact that immediately after Stephen's death, John Culpeper entered into possession of Astwood in pursuance of the provision of the will of Dr. Martin Culpeper, contingent upon Stephen's death s.p.m.
.
Source: Fairfax Harrison, "The Proprietors of the Northern Neck." 
ChartsThe 12th century Culpepers of England: Descendant Chart (16 generations, Males only)
Last Edited13 Feb 2011

Citations

  1. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Will of Dr. Martin Culpeper of Astwood in Feckingham; P.C.C. Hayes, 88; Will dated October 1, 1605; Proved December 12, 1605.

Mercy Culpeper

Female, #8961, (say 1582 - 1629)
Father*Dr. Martin Culpeper of Feckenham in Astwood, co. Worc. (1540 - c 9 Oct 1605)
Mother*Lettice Clarke (s 1560 - )
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-Comm Her was commonly known as Mary. 
Birth*say 1582 Mercy was born at Hanbury, Oxfordshire, England, say 1582. 
Married Namesay 1602  As of say 1602, her married name was Sandys. 
Marriage*say 1602 She married Sir Samuel Sandys of Wickhamford, co. Worc. say 1602. 
Death of Fathercirca 9 Oct 1605 Her father Dr. Martin Culpeper of Feckenham in Astwood, co. Worc. died circa 9 Oct 1605. 
Death of Spouse18 Aug 1623 Her husband Sir Samuel Sandys of Wickhamford, co. Worc. died on 18 Aug 1623. 
Death*1629 She died in 1629. 
Burial*1629 Her body was interred in 1629 at Wickhamford, Worcestershire, England
Biography* Her father named her in his will 'my daughter Sandys,' and appointed 'my son-in-law Sir Samuel Sandis of Ombersley, Worcs. Knight,' one of his trustees and executors. Her burial in 1629 among the Sandys at Wickhamford, with an elaborate MI., is recorded by Nash (Worcestershire, ii, 221, 462.
.
Her husband was the eldest son of Archbishop Edwin Sandys by his second wife, Cicely, dau. (by a second marriage) of the Thomas Wilford who had married Elizabeth, sister of William Culpeper.
.
By this marriage Mercy Culpeper was included in the innermost circle of the founders of Virginia. Her husband, long M. P., was a member of the Council of the Virginia Company, of which his two younger brothers were officers: Sir Edwin Sandys (1561-1629) as Treasurer and chief executive, and George Sandys (1577-1644), who translated Ovid while resident at Jamestown, as Secretary. She was, moreover, herself the mother of that Margaret Sandys who m. Sir Francis Wyatt (1588-1644), Governor of Virginia, 1621-26, and 1639-42. See Va. Mag., xvii, 292.]
.
Source: Fairfax Harrison, "The Proprietors of the Northern Neck." 

Family

Sir Samuel Sandys of Wickhamford, co. Worc. (28 Dec 1560 - 18 Aug 1623)
Marriage*say 1602 She married Sir Samuel Sandys of Wickhamford, co. Worc. say 1602. 
Child
Last Edited21 May 2011

Archbishop Edwin Sandys1

Male, #8962, (1516 - 8 Aug 1588)
Birth*1516 Edwin was born in 1516. 
Marriage*say 1555 He married Cicely Wilford say 1555. 
Birth of Son28 Dec 1560 His son Sir Samuel Sandys of Wickhamford, co. Worc. was born on 28 Dec 1560. 
Birth of Son9 Dec 1561 His son Sir Edwin Sandys was born on 9 Dec 1561. 
Birth of Son2 Mar 1577 His son George Sandys was born on 2 Mar 1577. 
Death*8 Aug 1588 He died on 8 Aug 1588. 

Family

Cicely Wilford (after 1534 - )
Children
Last Edited14 Sep 2002

Citations

  1. E-mail written 1999 to Lew Griffin from Trudy Standridge, e-mail address.

Cicely Wilford

Female, #8963, (after 1534 - )
Father*Thomas Wilford of Hartridge in Cranbrooke, Kent (s 1491 - )
Mother*Rose Whetenhall (s 1513 - )
Birth*after 1534 Cicely was born after 1534. 
Marriage*say 1555 She married Archbishop Edwin Sandys say 1555. 
Married Namesay 1555  As of say 1555, her married name was Sandys. 
Biography* The 4th Pres. James Madison comes from Cecily's line. 
Birth of Son28 Dec 1560 Her son Sir Samuel Sandys of Wickhamford, co. Worc. was born on 28 Dec 1560. 
Birth of Son9 Dec 1561 Her son Sir Edwin Sandys was born on 9 Dec 1561. 
Birth of Son2 Mar 1577 Her son George Sandys was born on 2 Mar 1577. 

Family

Archbishop Edwin Sandys (1516 - 8 Aug 1588)
Marriage*say 1555 She married Archbishop Edwin Sandys say 1555. 
Children
Last Edited27 Nov 1999

Sir Samuel Sandys of Wickhamford, co. Worc.

Male, #8964, (28 Dec 1560 - 18 Aug 1623)
Father*Archbishop Edwin Sandys (1516 - 8 Aug 1588)
Mother*Cicely Wilford (a 1534 - )
Birth*28 Dec 1560 Samuel was born on 28 Dec 1560. 
Death of Father8 Aug 1588 His father Archbishop Edwin Sandys died on 8 Aug 1588. 
Marriage*say 1602 He married Mercy Culpeper say 1602. 
Will1 Oct 1605 He is mentioned in the will of Dr. Martin Culpeper of Feckenham in Astwood, co. Worc. on 1 Oct 1605.1 
Death*18 Aug 1623 He died on 18 Aug 1623 at age 62. 
Biography* He was a long M.P. and a member of the Council of the Virginia Company. 

Family

Mercy Culpeper (say 1582 - 1629)
Child
Last Edited14 Sep 2002

Citations

  1. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Will of Dr. Martin Culpeper of Astwood in Feckingham; P.C.C. Hayes, 88; Will dated October 1, 1605; Proved December 12, 1605.

Sir Edwin Sandys

Male, #8965, (9 Dec 1561 - Oct 1629)
Father*Archbishop Edwin Sandys (1516 - 8 Aug 1588)
Mother*Cicely Wilford (a 1534 - )
Birth*9 Dec 1561 Edwin was born on 9 Dec 1561. 
Death of Father8 Aug 1588 His father Archbishop Edwin Sandys died on 8 Aug 1588. 
Death*Oct 1629 He died in Oct 1629 at age 67. 
Biography* Treasurer and Chief Executive of the Virginia Company during 1617-1620. His influence gave Virginia its first legislature in 1619 and he was "a sincere, devoted friend" of the Leyden Puritans. 
Last Edited14 Sep 2002

George Sandys

Male, #8966, (2 Mar 1577 - Mar 1644)
Father*Archbishop Edwin Sandys (1516 - 8 Aug 1588)
Mother*Cicely Wilford (a 1534 - )
Birth*2 Mar 1577 George was born on 2 Mar 1577. 
Death of Father8 Aug 1588 His father Archbishop Edwin Sandys died on 8 Aug 1588. 
Death*Mar 1644 He died in Mar 1644. 
Biography* Secretary of the Virginia Company. Translated Ovid while resident at Jamestown, 1621-22, the first verse of English America. 
Last Edited27 Sep 1999

Margaret Sandys

Female, #8967, (after 1602 - )
Father*Sir Samuel Sandys of Wickhamford, co. Worc. (28 Dec 1560 - 18 Aug 1623)
Mother*Mercy Culpeper (s 1582 - 1629)
Married Name Her married name was Wyatt. 
Birth*after 1602 Margaret was born after 1602. 
Marriage* She married Sir Francis Wyatt

Family

Sir Francis Wyatt (1588 - 1644)
Last Edited29 Aug 2000

Sir Francis Wyatt

Male, #8968, (1588 - 1644)
Birth*1588 Francis was born in 1588. 
Marriage* He married Margaret Sandys
Death*1644 He died in 1644. 
Biography* Governor of Virginia, 1621-26 and 1639-42. 

Family

Margaret Sandys (after 1602 - )
Last Edited14 Sep 2002

Jan van Hesse Seigneur de Persehill and Wena1

Male, #8969, (say 1599 - )
Birth*say 1599 Jan was born say 1599. 
Marriage* He married Catharina van Cats

Family

Catharina van Cats (say 1601 - )
Children
Last Edited14 Sep 2002

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.

Catharina van Cats

Female, #8970, (say 1601 - )
Married Name Her married name was van Hesse. 
Marriage* She married Jan van Hesse Seigneur de Persehill and Wena
Birth*say 1601 Catharina was born say 1601. 

Family

Jan van Hesse Seigneur de Persehill and Wena (say 1599 - )
Children
Last Edited15 Aug 2000